Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Blacksburg, VA

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000 FXUS61 KRNK 280034 AFDRNK Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Blacksburg VA 834 PM EDT Tue Sep 27 2016 .SYNOPSIS... A stationary front with weak areas of low pressure extended from the Mid Atlantic states to Louisiana. Another cold front will track through the Ohio and Tennessee Valleys on Wednesday and Wednesday night. This low pressure system over the Mid Atlantic will move slowly northeast into New England this weekend. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
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As of 800 PM EDT Tuesday... Front stalled near the Blue Ridge combined with increasing dynamics from southward moving and deepening upper low from the Great Lakes region allowing for continued development of fairly robust convection across the Piedmont. With lowering heights/temperatures aloft and still warm/moist air east of the front with PWATS around 1.7 inch, this is likely to continue. Dynamics will continue to increase overnight as the upper low continues to sag southward into the central Appalachians. This will result in continued and renewed convection along and northeast along the spine of the Blue Ridge. Advertised pops have a good handle on the expected pattern, so will not make any changes at this time. Temperatures just a tad warmer than forecast. Sharp contrast in air mass between areas west of the front/Blue Ridge and locations to the east. Dewpoints range from the upper 30s around LWB to near 70 around DAN. Overnight lows will range from the upper 40s northeast part of the CWA to upper 60s southeast where PWATS are high. As of 335 PM EDT Tuesday... Front was hung up along the Blue Ridge this afternoon. Lowered clouds had just cleared out of the piedmont after 2PM. MSAS analysis showed east of the front that the lifted index values were as high as -5 where there has been breaks in the clouds today. Highest probability for precipitation remains east of a Lynchburg to Wilkesboro line. Expect a sharp gradient on the western side of the clouds and precipitation tonight and Wednesday. Mean flow from 850-500mb will be from the southwest tonight and Wednesday which will result in little movement of the surface front. Axis of deepest moisture and lift will remain over the piedmont of Virginia and North Carolina on Wednesday. Models fill low clouds and some fog back in overnight, especially east of the Blue Ridge. Amount of clearing on Wednesday will be the biggest influence on afternoon high temperatures. Fog is also expected to form overnight in the western river valleys. Have lowered minimum temperatures in southeast West Virginia based on the lack of cloud cover and the surface dew points that have lowered in the mid 30s to lower 40s. Otherwise stayed close to bias corrected MAV guidance for lows tonight and highs on Wednesday.
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&& .SHORT TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT/... As of 300 PM EDT Tuesday... Closed upper low center in the Ohio Valley Wednesday evening will move eastward and reach Eastern Kentucky by Thursday night. Scattered showers and thunderstorms associated with the shortwave riding northward along the frontal boundary will continue Wednesday evening into Wednesday night as the low digs south. The SWODY2 has highlighted a marginal risk for severe weather east of the Blue Ridge mountains. Low temperatures Wednesday night will range from the mid 40s in the northwest mountains to the lower 60s in the Piedmont. Coop guidance suggest that a few lower 40s may be possible. A cold front will drop southeast out of the Ohio valley and move east into the Appalachians on Thursday. Scattered showers and thunderstorms will develop ahead and along the frontal boundary. Some the thunderstorms could be strong with hail, gusty winds and heavy downpours. An impressive low to mid level lapse rates combined with very low freezing heights across the area could help the hail potential. High temperatures on Thursday will vary from around 60 degrees in the west to the lower 70s in the East. Cloudy conditions with scattered showers will continue Thursday night. The best chance for rain will be across the north. Low temperatures Thursday night will vary from lower 40s in the mountains to the mid 50s in the Piedmont. && .LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/... As of 300 PM EDT Tuesday... Closed upper low over Kentucky Friday morning lifts northward in the Ohio Valley this weekend. The low center continue to push into the Great lakes by Sunday evening and New England by Monday. The low will move into the Atlantic ocean on Tuesday. Meanwhile, the potential for tropical low development across the Caribbean may lead to a threat for the southeast early next week. This is being monitored by the NHC and WPC. Temperatures will start cooler for Friday with clouds along with unsettled weather and improve Saturday, then moderate Sunday into Tuesday. && .AVIATION /00Z WEDNESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
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As of 800 PM EDT Tuesday... Highly variable conditions across the region this evening as a cold front near the Blue Ridge has stalled and represents a sharp contrast between much drier/stable air west of the Blue Ridge to moist, unstable air east of the Blue Ridge. Scattered thunderstorms continue to develop along and east of the front. As a deepening upper low continues to sag southward from the Great Lakes into the Central Appalachians over the next 24 hours or so...expect convection to actually increase over the next few hours across the VA/NC Piedmont ahead of the front. Temperatures are cooling aloft...so some of these storms continue to be strong to isolated severe, which should decrease as the night goes on. However, the coverage will likely increase. West of the Blue Ridge, potential for late night/early morning dense fog exists where skies are clear and radiational cooling is effective, especially after 08Z. East of the Blue Ridge, clouds and showers should prevent the development of dense fog. However, widespread low clouds are expected east of the front with mainly MVFR cigs becoming IFR at times during the late night/early morning hours. Wednesday will be unsettled east of the Blue Ridge with scattered showers, some thunderstorms and mainly MVFR cigs through much of the day. To the west, expect greater periods of VFR cigs. Winds will be light and variable overnight, tending to become southeast to south 5-7kts Wednesday. Medium confidence in cigs and vsbys through the TAF valid period. Medium confidence in wind speed/direction through the TAF valid period. Extended aviation discussion... A deep upper low will remain over the Ohio and Tennessee Valley through Friday. This will keep variable clouds, MVFR cigs, and periods of -SHRA across the region through much of the period. Saturday is the most likely day to be drier and have VFR conditions.
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&& .RNK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... VA...None. NC...None. WV...None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...AMS NEAR TERM...AMS/RAB SHORT TERM...KK LONG TERM...KK AVIATION...AMS/RAB

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