Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Blacksburg, VA

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000 FXUS61 KRNK 221516 AFDRNK Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Blacksburg VA 1116 AM EDT Mon May 22 2017 .SYNOPSIS... A weak cold front will slowly cross the region from the northwest today before stalling over southern sections this evening. Low pressure riding up the boundary overnight into Tuesday will likely bring another round of significant rainfall late tonight into Tuesday. Yet another area of low pressure will arrive midweek with added rainfall likely for Wednesday and Thursday. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... As of 1115 AM EDT Monday... Meso-low has moved into southeast Virginia with the western edge of the precipitation swirling around the low exiting out of Charlotte and Halifax Counties. Warm front is retreating north slower than cold front is advancing from the west. Winds had shifted to the west and northwest at the surface. Low clouds were filling in behind the cold front over the mountains and will continue to move as far east as the Blue Ridge but there will be some breaks in the clouds in the Virginia and North Carolina foothills and piedmont. Clouds will limit temperature rise in the mountains but any sin in the foothills and piedmont will bring temperatures into the 70s. Maintained chance of showers along and ahead of the cold front with isolated to scattered thunderstorms, mainly in the piedmont. Surface front likely only to make it into southern sections this evening before strong southwest flow aloft starts to ripple more energy northeast along the boundary with lift quickly returning north after midnight. However models continue to have timing issues with the GFS and new EC quite wet by daybreak Tuesday while the Nam a few hours slower. Since late day showers may linger and then become more widespread sooner given such fast flow aloft and quickly developing southeast flow aloft, will lean toward likely pops returning north, espcly along/east of the Blue Ridge late with decent chances elsewhere by morning. Will again leave out thunder per redevelopment of the low level wedge/stability overnight with forecast QPF not enough to warrant any added flood watches at this point. Low temps again cool with cool lows in the lower to mid 50s mountains to 60-65 east. && .SHORT TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... As of 310 AM EDT Monday... The 00z/22nd deterministic and ensemble guidance remain consistent in a big-picture sense, with a continuation of unsettled weather conditions into the middle of the week. While finer details still remain an open question on some days (described below), continued periods of at least light to steady rain can be anticipated. Intensity and duration of rainfall will govern potential hydro concerns; while not presently high, it`s not out of the question. Temperatures will trend near to cooler than normal initially, and then cooler than normal into Wednesday and Thursday. In mid to upper levels, broadly diffluent mid/upper level pattern will exist across the mid-Atlantic, Ohio Valley and Southeastern CONUS...downstream of a large upper trough expected to close off into an upper low by Wednesday morning. Mid-level vorticity maxima pivoting around the base of the trough/closed low, interacting with a remnant frontal zone will induce surface wave low development affecting the region on Tuesday. While guidance agrees on a period of at least moderate rainfall focused by zone of 925-700 mb frontogenesis, differences in timing and spatial extent continue between the GFS and ECMWF. Feel best chance of steady/perhaps heavy rain would be greatest in the NC foothills/Piedmont northeastward into the Southside of Virginia late morning into mid-afternoon where highest PoPs are focused, and lower from the western Blue Ridge north and westward. Potential may exist for sharper northern gradient in QPF than presently reflected in the coarser-resolution guidance as well. Convective potential appears limited at best, due to the expectation of poor/isothermal lapse rates limiting instability values to no higher than 500 J/kg CAPE based on most- unstable parcels. Tuesday night should see a reduction in PoPs/more limited rainfall chances with the passage of the weak surface low. However there are still some questions as conveyed in guidance on if we can build a weak CAD/wedge for the evening (GFS/SREF camp) or with a return to south-southwest flow ahead of the closed low (ECMWF). In either outcome, it`s a dreary outlook with lots of cloudiness and either periods of drizzle/light rain showers or intermittent to steady rain. Offered light rain/drizzle for this period with lower total QPF. The next round of at least steady rainfall appears to be on Wednesday into Wednesday evening. Energy associated with closed upper low and associated surface cold/occluded front approach our southwestern counties Wednesday morning and move across the region through the day on Wednesday. Here too, there are differences in overall evolution between the GFS and ECMWF. The GFS solution verbatim would introduce a potential strong/limited severe thunderstorm threat Wednesday afternoon, limited by modest instability values generally below 1000 J/kg MUCAPE albeit with high vertical wind shear. The ECMWF on the other hand keeps deeper moisture/QPF confined to the Gulf Coast, with comparatively lighter/more gradual rainfall associated with weaker northward moisture return. Couldn`t rule out the GFS solution yet but I feel the ECMWF probably is closer to the right track. PoPs are again on the high side for Wednesday, though begin to taper into Wednesday evening with intermittent showers associated with upper low overhead. Into Thursday, upper low establishes itself along the western Appalachians into central Georgia. Cold thermal profiles aloft (below-normal 850 mb temperatures between +6 to +10C) owing to the upper low. With some daytime insolation, expect cumulus to develop, a few of which may develop into scattered slow-moving thunderstorms. While instability values are low, atypically low freezing levels/wet- bulb zero heights for late May would support potential for small hail. It`s overstating things to call Thursday a washout, but be aware that there should be a few showers/storms around. Will keep lower-end Chance PoPs for now in the Piedmont and Blue Ridge foothills, with higher-end Chance/lower Likely along and west of the Blue Ridge with greater coverage closer to cold pool. Timing and coverage would more closely follow the diurnal trend (i.e. weakening/diminishing in coverage with loss of sun). && .LONG TERM /THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH SUNDAY/... As of 320 AM EDT Monday... The upper pattern will then be progressive into the weekend as the upper low moves off to the northeast Friday allowing for a brief period of ridging, followed by a transition to a zonal regime by Sunday. This will give us a mostly dry Friday after any lingering upslope showers west of the Blue Ridge dissipate, but another frontal system will push in from the north and stall over the region on Saturday and bring an increasing chance of showers/storms to the forecast for the weekend. && .AVIATION /15Z MONDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/... As of 700 AM EDT Monday... Stalled front over the southern Appalachians will result in abundant cloud cover and periods of rain/showers mainly east of the Blue Ridge early this morning. This rain shield will move east over the piedmont through mid morning, exiting by midday. This will result in widespread sub-VFR in rain and low cigs east of KROA this morning with potential for periods of IFR/MVFR across the rest of the region in low clouds as well as fog through mid or late morning. Exiting deep moisture as the meso- low passes should finally bring more of a west/northwest trajectory by afternoon allowing for improving conditions at all locations with overall VFR possible by mid to late afternoon if not sooner. Added showers will also be possible later today with a cold front crossing the region but too uncertain to include added mention mainly around KDAN at this point. Brief improvement again behind the front this evening will be quickly followed by another round of rain late tonight with this continuing through Tuesday. This will cause flying conditions to again deteriorate from southwest to northeast by morning with widespread sub-VFR likely espcly from KBCB and points east by daybreak Tuesday. Extended Aviation Discussion... More widespread rainfall will result in continued sub-VFR Tuesday with perhaps some improvement Tuesday night before another round of showers returns Wednesday with more widespread sub-VFR Wednesday, and under an upper low continuing into Thursday. Some drying along with improvement to VFR will finally be possible on Friday as the upper low pulls away to the northeast. && .HYDROLOGY... As of 333 AM EDT Monday... Ongoing light to moderate rain should slowly taper from west to east early this morning with locally heavy rainfall possible over the next few hours. However not expecting rainfall rates to be high enough to cause much in the way of flooding unless the axis of heavier rainfall slows down and persists. Otherwise will still have to watch late tonight into midweek as more rainfall is expected, which could lead to small stream and river flooding. Models continue to favor areas along/east of the Blue Ridge with multiple rainfall events into Wednesday or Thursday, possibly resulting in another 1 to 3 inches of rain at this point. && .RNK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... VA...None. NC...None. WV...None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...JH NEAR TERM...AMS/JH SHORT TERM...AL LONG TERM...AL/MBS AVIATION...AMS/JH/RCS HYDROLOGY...JH/WP

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