Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Blacksburg, VA

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000 FXUS61 KRNK 141737 AFDRNK Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Blacksburg VA 1237 PM EST Sat Jan 14 2017 .SYNOPSIS... A weak cold front has drifted south of the region and will remain south of the area until Monday at which time it will drift back north of the area. Meanwhile, a series of disturbances aloft will track over the region keeping clouds and periods of precipitation across the region for several days. Finally, a stronger cold front is slated to move through the region by the middle of next week. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... AS OF 1147 AM EST Saturday... Cancelled the Freezing rain advisory because the threat for widespread freezing rain and icing has ended. Surface temperatures have climb above freezing mark at most locations and will continue to rise this afternoon. Adjusted isc temperatures and trimmed back pops for early this afternoon. More changes this afternoon. AS OF 1005 AM EST Saturday... Canceled the freezing rain advisory for Southeast West Virginia with temperatures above the freezing mark and threat for widespread icing problems ended. Continue the Freezing Rain Advisory for northern portions of CWA with colder air pushing south along the Mountains. Posted a SPS for Isolated pockets of freezing rain in elevations mainly above 3000 feet this morning. Adjusted temperatures with the latest obs and trends, then blended towards the nam for late morning into this afternoon. Made some changes in pops and weather for this morning with ptype and precipitation tapering off. more changes later... As of 400 AM EST Saturday... Wedge front has drifted as far south as northern SC and into western NC. Models do not support it drifting much further south, but also now keep it south of our area until Monday, at which time a stronger short wave approaching from the west moves it back north. Temperatures have been rather slow to fall and as of this hour all areas remain above freezing. While, there is plenty of light rain drifting across the region per series of weak upper disturbances in zonal flow aloft, with temperatures still above freezing, freezing rain has yet to materialize. NAM and ECMWF still insist that temperatures will drop toward 30 degrees as far south as Craig and Monroe counties in the 12Z-15Z time frame, then hold there until mid-afternoon today. Historically, once a wedge of cold air gets in place, it is very difficult to dislodge. Thus, will not make any changes in the configuration or timing of the Freezing Rain Advisory at this point, although was strongly tempted to do so earlier seeing the reluctance of temperatures to drop below freezing. By the same token, was also tempted to pull out some of the southern counties, but the cold air has more efficiently spread down toward the New River Valley than the Greenbrier Valley, so will leave Craig/Monroe/Botetourt as is as well. If conditions fail to materialize or end earlier than 4 pm, which appears likely, day shift can cancel early or remove counties as needed. Otherwise, have used a NAM/ECMWF blend for the temperatures today as the GFS appears too warm again. Used more of a consensus model blend for tonight. All-in-all, a non-diurnal temperature trend is in order for today. With regard to precipitation, timing will be difficult, but all models suggest that another wave of rain will develop, mainly across western/northern areas later today, then focus back more into the TN valley overnight/early Sunday. At any rate, there will likely be drizzle when it is not raining, so have included drizzle throughout the CWA in addition to the light rain. Pops range from categorical west/north to chance south/east. && .SHORT TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/... As of 315 AM EST Saturday... Initial low level wedge across the region to start Sunday will weaken as the flow turns more northwest behind a weak exiting wave offshore. This may bring about some drying across central/eastern sections for much of Sunday before another transient but weaker surface high starts to build in from the north again with yet another wedge ensuing. In addition another faint mid level shortwave will approach along the residual baroclinic zone from the west allowing more backing aloft to take shape. Latest forecast soundings suggest that this will be enough to saturate the column again with early low rain chances far west to start becoming more widespread from west to east by late Sunday. Highs perhaps a bit warmer espcly south and east given weak downsloping and possibly some sun. Otherwise staying on the cooler side of MOS with 40s north to low/mid 50s south. Weak wave aloft crosses the area Sunday night with possible drier air to the north aiding in cooling as the wedge deepens while being overrun by 850 mb warm advection. Models again differ on the degree of low level cooling within the wedge with the Nam again the coldest in showing a rather impressive cold nose just off the surface while other solutions keep boundary layer temps above freezing across the northwest. Since this CAD episode appears a bit weaker as the surface high is not quite as strong, may only leave in a brief freezing rain mention late Sunday night into early Monday in the LWB-HSP vicinity at most. Otherwise appears another rather low QPF event but enough coverage to go with some low likely pops northwest with at least chance elsewhere. Lows mostly 30s north to 40s south but more in line with the slightly warmer Mav/EC mos. Warm advection regime will finally start to win out later Monday into Monday night as more in the way of shortwave ridging takes shape ahead of the next upstream cold front. With the surface high shifting from eastern sections Monday morning to offshore by Monday night would expect the cooler 40s to linger east Monday with warmer 50s far west. Pops likely more scattered to isolated given less forcing and deeper moisture to the west with perhaps little shower coverage by Monday night when should be well into the warm sector. && .LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/... As of 300 PM EST Friday... Frontal boundary lifts north into New York Tuesday and reaches Maine by Tuesday night as strong upper low moving across the central U.S. amplifies ridge downstream. Cold front approaches from the west on Wednesday and moves into the CWA on Thursday. On Thursday night into Friday, the boundary slowly moves north across the region. There are differences in timing of frontal systems with GFS faster than ECMWF. Leaned towards superblend for Medium range. High temperatures will run about 10- 20 degrees above normal Tuesday into Friday. && .AVIATION /18Z SATURDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
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As of 1236 PM EST Saturday... Overall poor flying conditions will continue this afternoon into tonight as a wedge of high pressure locks in along and east of the mountains. Low clouds with patchy light rain and drizzle will combine to produce IFR/LIFR cigs and MVFR/IFR vsbys in the mountains and MVFR out east where cloud bases should remain higher and rainfall less. There is the potential for pockets of freezing rain or drizzle in the coldest locations aside from at the terminals. Pilots should prepare for icy areas and Mountain Obscurations this afternoon into Sunday. Light southerly winds will continue this afternoon, then become west to northwest under 10 kts tonight. Some potential to see some improvement in cigs later this afternoon once the easterly flow starts to veer and rainfall fades but still thinking overall sub-VFR at this point across the region. Expect conditions may flop back into more IFR in fog/stratus this evening before drying aloft on weak northwest flow arrives overnight. This could allow bases to rise although some fog likely to persist overnight. Low level wedge should gradually redevelop on Sunday as a second area of high pressure builds to the north and eventually wedges south again along the mountains by late Sunday. Easterly flow around the high will again bring lowering cigs Sunday afternoon with an increasing threat for light rain mainly mountains by the end of the day into Sunday evening. Medium to low confidence with cigs and vsbys through Sunday given varying conditions in and out of the wedge through the weekend. Spotty nature of fog and drizzle is also problematic. Higher confidences that east to southeast winds will prevail on Sunday. Extended Aviation Discussion... A baroclinic zone will remain anchored across the region sandwiched between a strong upper ridge over the southeast states and an active jet stream from the southwest U.S. into the northeast U.S. Thus, an unsettled, wet weather pattern is expected to remain in place Monday into Tuesday. The frontal boundary may lift north enough by Monday night for a brief period of mainly VFR, but a stronger front will arrive By Tuesday with more showers including widespread sub-VFR. Generally looking at MVFR much of the period, although periods of VFR as well as IFR- LIFR can be expected at times. Passing cold front from later Tuesday should clear the region on Wednesday allowing for a return to VFR across the region for midweek. Moisture may return from the southwest Thursday afternoon into Thursday night.
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&& .RNK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... VA...None. NC...None. WV...None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...RAB NEAR TERM...KK/RAB SHORT TERM...JH LONG TERM...JH/KK AVIATION...JH/KK is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.