Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Blacksburg, VA

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000 FXUS61 KRNK 241831 AFDRNK Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Blacksburg VA 231 PM EDT Sun Sep 24 2017 .SYNOPSIS...
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High pressure over the eastern United States will continue to bring mainly warm and dry weather to the region through the first part of next week, while Hurricane Maria stays just off the east coast. A dry cold front will move through the Appalachians and central mid Atlantic region on Thursday, with much cooler weather for the end of the workweek and in to the weekend.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH MONDAY/...
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As of 230 PM EDT Sunday... Fair weather pattern continues with high pressure surface and aloft yielding warm and dry conditions across the region. Expect cirrus from Maria off the coast to veil the sky over most locations through tomorrow, but this should not hinder radiational cooling too much overnight and expect late night valley fog to develop west of the Blue Ridge. Fair and warm conditions continue for Monday, but a northeasterly breeze will become established as we start to feel the influence of Maria moving northward off the coast. Lows tonight will generally be in the lower 60s east of the Ridge with middle 50s to the west along with some cooler readings in the valleys. Highs Monday will be in the mid/upper 80s east, low/mid 80s west.
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&& .SHORT TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/... As of 350 AM EDT Sunday... Deep-layer ridge broadly centered over the Southern Tier of NY will continue to provide subsidence and dry conditions to the region Monday into part of Tuesday. 00z deterministic and ensemble NWP shows the ridge beginning to break down and weaken later Tuesday as Maria makes an approach to coastal NC. Weak ridging should prevail Wednesday across the western third of the forecast area, with the 00z GFS and ECMWF solutions do show an increased pressure gradient for locales east of the Blue Ridge and into the VA/NC Piedmont as Maria makes her closest approach to the Carolina coast Wednesday. Latest forecast calls for Maria`s center to likely remain off the coast with the only effect on our forecast area being a modest increase in northeasterly to north wind speeds midweek. For more details specific to Maria, consult the latest forecast and advisories from the National Hurricane Center. The chief guidance differences in this period is the extent of cloud cover Monday and Tuesday with an influence on temperatures. The 00z NAM generally advects much more RH in northeast flow back westward than either the GFS or the ECMWF show. Should see partly to mostly sunny skies each dry conditions Monday. On Tuesday afternoon, the NAM also shows some light QPF along the eastern slopes of the Appalachians and the Blue Ridge associated with slightly better moisture convergence. Both the NAM and the GFS show some low-level convective instability - being capped above 700 mb. Did include 15- 20% PoPs Tuesday on the eastern lee side of the terrain for showers. Shallow convective depth should preclude any thunder so kept as light showers. For Wednesday, expecting more variable cloudiness greatest with eastern extent - particularly east of a rough line from Appomattox to Rockingham Counties where cloudiness associated with Maria`s far northwestern circulation could overspread. Partly to mostly sunny skies should exist further west. What should be a noticeable trend through each day in the period is a gradual increase in northeast winds, greatest on Wednesday. With that said, gusts are no higher than 25 mph. As for temperatures...warmest day still appears to be Monday with highs in the upper 70s to mid/upper 80s. Kept high temperatures in the mid 80s Tuesday and Wednesday given at least some partial cloudiness. Lows Monday night are in the mid 50s to mid 60s, but are about 3 degrees warmer with some clouds around and increased wind speeds than experienced recently. && .LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/... As of 147 PM EDT Saturday... Just minor changes to the previous forecast this period as we watch Hurricane Maria track northward off the east coast. An upper ridge over the northeast will slow Maria down some, and as it lifts northeast a slight heading to the northwest toward the Outer Banks looks likely before the stronger upstream 5h trough shifts Maria back east and out to the sea into Friday/Saturday. For our weather still looking fairly dry with warmer than normal temperatures Thu, then some cooling trend Friday-Saturday as front and upper trough shift across. However, the front lacks moisture so shower chances are very low, as we continue a drier than normal trend. Model trends beyond 7 days continues to paint us mainly dry, but temperatures should be a little closer to or below normal. && .AVIATION /18Z SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
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As of 230 PM EDT Sunday... No change in quiet weather pattern with high pressure surface and aloft. This will yield mainly VFR TAFs under some high cirrus clouds, with the exception being late night valley fog/stratus west of the Blue Ridge producing a period of IFR cigs/vsbys at KLWB and KBCB. Any fog/stratus dissipates early Monday morning with VFR through the end of the period. Winds will generally be light this TAF period, though northeasterly flow will be increasing a bit tomorrow as we start to feel the influence of Hurricane Maria as it moves northward off the east coast. Extended Aviation Discussion... Overall persistence forecast early this week as strong high pressure aloft builds in from the northwest keeping tropical moisture offshore. VFR conditions should prevail in the daylight hours, along with late night/early morning IFR/LIFR radiation fog through Wednesday morning. An overall dry cold front crosses the region Wednesday night into Thursday as Maria passes off the Outer Banks. These features likely to cause increasing northerly winds Wednesday into Thursday as the pressure gradient between the two tightens on Wednesday, and then due to cold advection behind the front on Thursday.
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&& .RNK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... VA...None. NC...None. WV...None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...MBS NEAR TERM...MBS SHORT TERM...AL LONG TERM...WP AVIATION...MBS/AMS

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