Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Birmingham, AL

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AXUS74 KBMX 291429 CCC

Drought Information Statement
National Weather Service Birmngham AL
930 AM CDT Thu August 29 2019


SYNOPSIS...The latest U.S. Drought Monitor indicates that Severe
Drought conditions are still found in mainly the western half of
Shelby County. Otherwise...recent rainfall has helped ease the dry
conditions found across Central Alabama. Abnormally Dry conditions,
with localized pockets of Moderate Drought, are still found to the
east of a line from near Gadsden to Woodstock to Goshen. West of
this line near normal conditions prevail.

The Drought Monitor classifies drought within one of
these five categories:

D0...Abnormally Dry
D1...Moderate Drought
D2...Severe Drought
D3...Extreme Drought
D4...Exceptional Drought


Rainfall totals during the past two weeks have been variable, with
amounts generally averaging between two and five inches with
localized higher amounts. However...some isolated areas only
received around an inch or so during this period. In general, this
rainfall has helped to alleviate the dry conditions to some degree
across Central Alabama.

Some precipitation amounts (inches) for Central Alabama from January
1st through August 28th...

Birmingham  36.50
Montgomery  33.76
Anniston    39.17
Tuscaloosa  40.09
Calera      33.49
Troy        30.91

Normal Precipitation expected (inches) and Departure from Normal
(inches) January 1st through August 28th...

Birmingham  36.73  -0.23
Montgomery  36.33  -2.57
Anniston    34.63  +4.54
Tuscaloosa  35.56  +4.53
Calera      37.63  -4.14
Troy        37.65  -6.74


Information from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
indicates that the recemt rainfall has helped crops in some areas,
while other areas continue to struggle due to below normal rainfall.
Pastures that received rainfall have greened up. In Talladega
County, irrigation of some crops is continuing. The corn harvest is
average with areas having dry land, and excellent in areas that are
being irrigated.  Cattle were being fed hay and supplements in the
driest parts of the county.


The Fire Danger Risk is high across much of East-Central Alabama as
indicated with Keetch-Byram Drought Indices (KBDI) currently from
400 to 600 over much of the area. Most remaining areas of Central
Alabama generally have values of 300 or less. Values above 500
indicate a Severe Fire Danger.

There are currently no burn bans issued by the Alabama Forestry
Commission, but non-agricultural burns are not allowed from the
month of May through the month of October for the following Central
Alabama counties: Etowah, Jefferson, Montgomery, Russell, Shelby and
Talladega. The State Forester continues to urge people that are
doing any outside burning to follow safety precautions such as not
leaving any fire unattended and having the proper equipment and
personnel to control the fire.


The latest USGS Stream Gauge Data indicates that stream flows have
increased at many gauge sites due to the recent rainfall. Most USGS
stream guages across Central Alabama are currently indicating near
to above normal flows for this time of the year. Periodic rainfall
will be needed for stream flows to remain at near or above normal
levels as we continue into late summer and early fall.

Most of the major reservoir pool levels remain near their normal
summer pool levels but some are beginning to show signs of
declining. Listed below are current levels for some of the major
reservoirs across Central Alabama and those from August 15th.

RESERVOIR            LEVEL FOR 08/29/19     LEVEL FOR 08/15/19

Weiss                       563.9                   563.8
Neely Henry                 508.0                   507.8
Logan Martin                464.9                   464.8
Lay                         396.0                   396.1
Mitchell                    311.9                   311.9
Jordan                      251.5                   251.5
R.L. Harris                 791.8                   792.2
Martin                      488.3                   488.7
Smith                       504.5                   505.7
Bankhead                    254.8                   255.0
Holt                        186.7                   186.7


Most reservoir levels are near their normal summer pool levels but
some are beginning to show some signs of decline. There are no known
mandatory water restrictions currently in effect. However normal
water conservation methods are encouraged to be followed in the
event that the drought conditions persist or worsen during the
late summer and early fall.


Mostly dry conditions will prevail into the first half of the
weekend. However, by Sunday some moisture will begin returning to
the southeast sections of Central Alabama. This will result in a
chance for scattered mostly diurnal showers and thunderstorms Sunday
into Labor Day in those areas.  After Labor Day the weather across
the area will be determined by the eventual track of Hurricane
Dorian as it affects parts of Florida and the southeast U.S.
Cumulative rainfall totals through next Wednesday are currently
forecast to average below an inch over the northern half of Central
Alabama, and from one to three inches in the southern sections.

The Two Week Outlook...from September 3rd through September
11th...calls for above normal temperatures and above normal

The Longer-Range Outlook for the remainder of September through
November is for above normal temperatures and equal chances of below
normal, normal or above normal precipitation.

The latest Seasonal Drought Outlook through November indicates that
drought conditions are expected to improve in Central Alabama.


The next statement will be issued around Thursday, September 19th.

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