Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Sioux Falls, SD

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FXUS63 KFSD 220538

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Sioux Falls SD
1238 AM CDT Sat Jun 22 2024


- Widespread severe thunderstorm activity has dissipated.
  Lighter showers and thunderstorms continue over southwestern
  Minnesota and northwestern Iowa. These are expected to move to
  the east overnight.

- Ongoing flooding may worsen as the runoff from tonight`s
  storms makes its way to the waterways. Record river flooding
  is likely on several basins.

- Conditions will quiet down through the upcoming weekend into
  early next week. Temperatures remain near seasonal normals.

- Pattern through next week doesn`t favor any long duration
  rain, but several brief risks for passing convection.


Issued at 244 PM CDT Fri Jun 21 2024

THIS Afternoon:  Pesky elevated convection continues along an 850
frontal zone just north of I-90 this afternoon.  Weak mid-lvl wave
is beginning to push into central South Dakota this afternoon and
should help serve as a focal point for renewed convection later this
afternoon evening.  At the surface, a stationary boundary is
meandering through northeast Nebraska into portions of northwest
Iowa.  It`s difficult to say if much more northward progression of
the front will take place, given cool outflow from convection to the
north.   Further south within the warm sector, we`re gradually
reaching convective temperatures spring isolated to scattered
convection to form.

THIS EVENING and TONIGHT: We`ll begin to see additional convection
develop later this afternoon along and north of the surface
front. Soundings again reveal a fairly large and tall CAPE
profile, suggesting upwards of 1500-2000 J/KG MLCAPE across the
MO river valley into northwest Iowa. Most of the warm sector
will reside on the edge of the best area of effective shear,
though with values approaching 40 knots near the front, some
supercells will be possible. Hail potentially up to 1.5" may be
possible, but moist soundings may limit overall wind potential.
The coupling of 250-300 J/KG and 0-1km helicity approaching
100-150 m2/s2 could lead to a confined risk of a tornado or two
along the front early this evening.

Perhaps the greatest concern will once again be from heavy rainfall.
Convection forming along the boundary will be very slow moving,
likely drifting east and then southeast as cold pools develop.  The
environment remains very primed for heavy rainfall with PWAT values
pushing 200% of normal, deep warm cloud layer, and a classic setup
for training along the warm front this evening.   CAMs all support
high rainfall rates as high as 2-3" per hour, leading to the
potential of widespread 2 to 5" rainfall totals across southeastern
South Dakota and Northwestern Iowa, generally between I-90 and
Highway 20 by midnight. The only caveat is if activity can
become a bit more forward propagating than some CAMS suggest.

Convection may be a bit more isolated to scattered further
north towards Highway 14 as convection further south interrupts
the low- lvl flow. The initial burst of heavy convection may
linger through midnight before propagating east of the CWA.
However, a secondary shortwave moving out of western South
Dakota may bring another complex of storms eastwards. CAMS are
more conflicted on if this system will bring a secondary risk
for heavy convection within a linear band north of I-90 through

SATURDAY: Elevated convection may continue deep into the morning
hours of Saturday before shortwave energy drives the baroclinic zone
eastward.   Cooler temperatures and dry conditions then move into
the region for the rest of the day Saturday.

SUNDAY:  Increasing heights over the Plains leads to a warmer day on
Sunday which is desperately needed after multiple rounds of
rain. Temperatures rise into the 80s.

MONDAY-FRIDAY: The pattern relents for much of the upcoming
week, but that doesn`t mean we`re out of the woods. A quasi-
zonal flow through mid-week will allow at least one progressive
risk for thunderstorms in the region Monday night as a front
drops in from the northwest. Thankfully with mid-lvl heights
rising over the Rockies, this should drive the associated front
well south of the CWA by Wednesday and Thursday. However, we
just can`t shake the rain risks, as most medium range models
show aggressive return flow moving back into the Plains by the
end of next week.


Issued at 1235 AM CDT Sat Jun 22 2024

Showers and thunderstorms continue over southeastern South Dakota,
southwestern Minnesota, and northwestern Iowa this morning. Expect
these showers to push east through the overnight. Showers are
expected to be clear of the area by the afternoon.

Current ceilings are a mixture of VFR west of I-29 to MVFR-LIFR over
southwestern Minnesota and northwestern Iowa. As the showers push
off, expect ceilings to lift to IFR. Skies will clear from west to
east as we approach the evening. VFR conditions are expected to
prevail for the rest of the period.

Winds will become light and variable after storms clear. By mid-
morning winds will become north-northwesterly around 10 kts.


Issued at 244 PM CDT Fri Jun 21 2024

No changes to the ongoing flood watch for the forecast area.
Models in strong agreement that a focal point for heavy rain
will develop this evening south of I-90 and north of Highway 20.

Potential rainfall totals of 2 to 5" may be possible, which may
lead to even worsening conditions on many area rivers, and
increasing the potential for widespread areal flooding. Some
river basins may see record flooding over the upcoming days.


SD...Flood Watch until 7 AM CDT this morning for SDZ038>040-050-
MN...Flood Watch until 7 AM CDT this morning for MNZ071-072-080-081-
IA...Flood Watch until 7 AM CDT this morning for IAZ001>003-012>014-
NE...Flood Watch until 7 AM CDT this morning for NEZ013.