Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Cheyenne, WY

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FXUS65 KCYS 210806

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Cheyenne WY
206 AM MDT Wed Aug 21 2019

Issued at 204 AM MDT Wed Aug 21 2019

One last update for the night and that is to cancel the Severe
Thunderstorm Watch for most of the western Nebraska panhandle.
Thunderstorms have either moved to the east into central Nebraska
or have weakened considerably over the southern Nebraska
panhandle. Expect breezy conditions from thunderstorm outflow to
continue along with some low clouds and areas of fog possible by
sunrise Wednesday.


.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Wednesday)
Issued at 211 PM MDT Tue Aug 20 2019

A potent shortwave will dig south and west over the region this
afternoon and evening, pushing a cold front up against the the
east side of the Laramie Range. This will bring rich low level
moisture into the I-25 corridor, with dewpoints across east
Laramie County and southern Platte County already in the mid to
upper 50s. Moisture is just one of the factors that will allow for
today`s thunderstorm development. Other triggers for our late day
and nocturnal convection include MLCAPE between 3000 to 4000 J/kg
along and east of I-25 and 0-6 bulk shear between 35 to 45 knots.
With these values in mind, discrete supercells will be possible,
especially in today`s early stages of development. However, by
tonight, storm development will be largely linear, likely in the
infancy stage of MCS development as the storms moves east and out
of the western most portion of the Nebraska Panhandle. The other
factor to note here is the helicity values, which will be above 40
kts, generally north of the I-80 corridor. This factor in
combination with relatively low LCLs leads me to believe that a
tornado or two cannot be ruled out during this round of storms.

Already seeing some development as of 230 PM MDT near Lusk, with
more development expected across southeast Wyoming in the next few
hours. Storms will really get going around and after 5 PM MDT,
becoming widely scattered soon afterwards. Storms will move from
northwest to southeast, and with slow storm motion forecast, heavy
rain that could lead to flash flooding, will be something to look
out for. Storms will finally move east and out of the far-west Nebraska
Panhandle around 3 AM MDT. Besides heavy rain and potential flash
flooding concerns, threats include large hail up to 2 inches,
damaging winds, and frequent lightning. A tornado or two cannot be
ruled out.

Another round of thunderstorms are forecast Wednesday as moisture
gets pulled northward with the expected upslope winds. This could
cause areas of fog along I-80, though there could also be areas
of fog in the early morning hours where heavy rain falls
overnight. Cooler temperatures are forecasts for tomorrow, with
highs in the mid 70s and 80s. Strong and severe thunderstorms are
forecast again under another potent upper level shortwave,
through they may be limited my the cooler weather.

.LONG TERM...(Thursday through next Monday night)
Issued at 335 AM MDT Tue Aug 20 2019

Models continue to be in reasonable agreement through the weekend,
and are now coming into better agreement regarding a pretty strong
cold front for the last week of August arriving sometime next

Models continue to show the slow moving Pacific upper level trough
pushing east across Montana and northern Wyoming Thursday and
Thursday night. The GFS and Canadian are the slowest and show a
decent chance of thunderstorms across the mountains and the
eastern plains through the day and into the evening hours. Decided
to increase POP a bit for these areas into Thursday evening.
Thankfully, shear looks marginal so the severe weather threat is
pretty low. Once this Pacific system moves east, all models show
drier weather across the area during the weekend along with some
pretty warm temperatures in the 80s to low 90s. May need to
increase high temperatures even more on Sunday with most models
showing 700mb temperatures above 16c-18c. Further out, all models
are showing a strong cold front moving into the Pacific NW and the
northern plains, with 700mb temperatures dropping to near zero
early to mid next week. However, models are not in good agreement
regarding the timing of this front with the ECMWF 18 hours later
than the GFS and the Canadian is even later than that. In
addition, some models are showing some pretty cold 700mb
temperatures behind this front, with values as low as -5 across
northern Wyoming and Montana. This bares watching as there is
reasonable agreement with the ensemble forecasts 7 to 9 days out.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Wednesday night)
Issued at 1003 PM MDT Tue Aug 20 2019

Wyoming TAFS...VFR at Rawlins.

VFR at Laramie. Wind gusts to 25 knots from 15Z to 01Z.

VFR at Cheyenne until 09Z, then MVFR until 15Z, then VFR.

Nebraska TAFS...VFR at Chadron and Alliance until 08Z, then MVFR
until 15Z, then VFR.

VFR at Scottsbluff and Sidney until 08Z, then MVFR until 15Z,
then VFR. Wind gusts to 23 knots from 15Z to 19Z.


Issued at 211 PM MDT Tue Aug 20 2019

Another hot and dry day west of the Laramie Range, with winds
just below the critical threshold. To the east of the Laramie
Range, scattered to widely scattered thunderstorms, some strong
to severe, will affect the area. A few isolated dry thunderstorms
may make it as far west as FWZ 308; this threat will mostly end by
2000 MDT. Haines Index remains at 6 across Carbon County and will
remain at this level through the week. Winds will decrease
Wednesday, increasing for Thursday as a ridge of high pressure
pushes into the region from the west. A Fire Weather Watch may be
needed for Thursday across areas west of the Laramie Range.




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