Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Binghamton, NY

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NOUS41 KBGM 261302

Public information Statement
National Weather Service Binghamton NY
900 AM EDT Wed Apr 26 2017

This is the third statement out of five information
statements providing severe weather knowledge and safety,
which will run each day this week for Pennsylvania`s Severe
Weather Awareness Week.

...Floods can be deadly....
Floods are the number one killer in the United States
among all weather-related natural hazards by almost a
two-to-one margin. The main cause of death during floods
comes from automobiles being swept away by flood waters.
Many people die in floods because they try to cross flooded
roadways. Turn around, don`t drown!

...What types of floods are there?...
Floods which occur on small streams and creeks when heavy rain
falls in a short period of time are known as flash floods.
They are the deadliest of all floods and are the most difficult
to forecast. Warning times can be very short. Flooding also
occurs on our larger rivers and streams.  A period of mild winter
weather can cause ice on a river to break up and then cause ice
jam flooding.

...What does a flood watch mean?...
A flood watch means there is potential for flooding to occur. This
does not mean that flooding is occurring. A watch is typically
issued for several counties at a time and ideally is issued
12 to 24 hours before flood is expected. This way you will have
enough time to prepare.

...What you should do when a flood watch is issued?...
Go about your normal activities, but watch the sky around you
for developing storms. Periodically check your NOAA weather radio,
cell phone for radar updates, TV, radio, or cell phone apps for
updates to keep you weather aware. Always know which county you
live in and where you are in relation to streams, creeks or rivers.
Streams, creeks and rivers can become killers in heavy rains.
If you are on vacation, or driving through an unfamiliar area,
keep a map on hand and know your location at all times incase
danger arises. If you buy a new cell phone, make sure it is
Wireless Emergency Alert Capable (WEA). Remember, WEA are
emergency messages sent by authorized government alerting
authorities through your mobile carrier. Government partners
include: FEMA, FCC, Department of Homeland Security and the NWS.
WEA will allow you to receive extreme weather warnings, local
evacuations, AMBER alerts and Presidential alerts during a
national emergency. Always  have a plan on how to get to a
safe place quickly if a warning is issued for your area.

...If you live or work in an area which is prone to flooding
what do you do?...
Have an evacuation route mapped out and ready to go if
flooding occurs. Make sure everyone in your home or office
knows where to go quickly if flooding occurs. Have a battery
operated radioand flashlights available and in working order.
Take precautions to secure your property. If you have to
evacuate, and if you have time, turn off the gas and electricity
to your home.

...What does a flash flood warning mean?...
A flash flood warning means a rapid life-threatening flood
is occurring or will soon begin. You need to take action
immediately to protect your life and property if you are
in the danger area.

...What you should do when a flash flood warning is issued?...
Move to higher ground immediately and get out of the danger
area. Never drive across bridges covered with water or through
areas where water covers the roadway. If your car stalls in a
flooded or low lying area, abandon it immediately. Rapidly
rising flood waters could easily sweep it away. Water is extremely
powerful. Be especially careful at night when it is harder to
see flooded areas.

...What does a river flood warning mean?...
A river flood warning means that river levels will exceed flood
stage at certain points along large rivers. Large rivers are defined
such as: the Chemung, Susquehanna and Delaware rivers. River floods
take longer to develop so they may not pose as much threat to life,
but can take a much larger toll on property.

...What should do when a river flood warning is issued?...
If you live in a flood plain, be prepared to evacuate if ordered
to do so. Make sure you have all necessary items that you would
need in the event that you cannot return home for several days.
Make arrangements to protect your property by moving your valuables
to higher ground, or an upper level of your home.

Weather topics for the remainder of the week will be as follows:

Thursday April 27...Severe Weather Terms and Definitions.
Friday April 28...Severe Weather Preparedness and Safety.

For more information on weather hazards and Severe Weather Awareness
Week, please visit:

You can also contact
David Nicosia warning coordination meteorologist
at 607-770-9531 x 223 or via email at


Kat Hawley
NWS Meteorologist
at 607-729-1597 x 4 or via email at


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