Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Billings, MT

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FXUS65 KBYZ 111102

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Billings MT
402 AM MST Sun Dec 11 2016

.SHORT TERM...valid for Tdy and Mon...

Today...Today will see a break in the snow along with a brief
warm- up before another batch of arctic air and snow arrive late
tonight continuing through the day Monday. For today, a west to
northwest flow aloft will prevail. Satellite showing plenty of
clouds upstream so we are expecting a mostly cloudy day today.
Currently, yesterday`s fresh snowfall resulted in some low- level
moisture and narrow temperature/dewpoint spreads across portions
of the forecast area. As a result, some locally dense fog
developed during the early morning hours across portions of
Yellowstone, Big Horn and Treasure counties. This fog should hang
around through sunrise and begin to break up by mid to late

Winds have switched to a west/southwest component around the
Livingston area and adjacent foothills of the Beartooth/Absaroka
Mountains. These winds will help to scour out the arctic air
across the west and central areas today resulting in temperatures
warming into the upper 20s to lower 30s. How far east this
boundary progresses remains a question but it looks to get into
western Rosebud County. East of the boundary temperatures will
remain in the teens. In addition, there may be some blowing snow
across mainly Park and Sweet Grass Counties this afternoon.

Tonight & Monday...Another arctic front will move into the
forecast area late this evening and is expected to be through the
entire area by daybreak Monday. Gusty winds along with another
round of snow will accompany the front. Winds will continue to be
gusty from the northwest throughout the day Monday, especially for
areas east of Billings. Right now snowfall amounts with this
system look to be around 1 to 2 inches for the lower elevations.
We will hold off on any winter advisories at this time but an
advisory for snow and blowing snow may be needed. Will let the day
shift get another look at newer data later today. Overnight lows
tonight will not move much if any on Monday as mainly single digit
highs are expected on Monday. Hooley

.LONG TERM...valid for Tue...Wed...Thu...Fri...Sat...

Cold week in store, with potential for a significant snow event by

00z models are a bit slower to dry things out in our west Tue,
with a trailing area of PV off the Pacific bringing mid level
frontogenesis and overrunning snow showers. Boundary layer temps
are expected to be within the dendritic layer, so have raised pops
to scattered from Billings to Sheridan westward. Any accums should
be an inch or less on Tue.

We should see a brief dry period Tue night and Wed as Pacific
moisture is suppressed by drier NW flow aloft, with cold temps
continuing per Canadian surface ridge over our cwa.

Things get more interesting beginning Wed night into Thu as
moisture associated with trof off the Pacific coast spreads thru
the northern great basin and into our western parts, bringing the
onset of what should be more overrunning snowfall. It gets a
little trickier thereafter as clipper dropping out of western
Canada attempts to phase with the Pacific trof as it moves inland.
Models continue to jump around from run to run, but the overall
theme suggests a period of snowfall for our cwa Thu/Fri. It should
be noted that the location of the trof off the Pacific coast
allows it to tap into a tropical moisture plume a little east of
Hawaii. SO, moisture availability could be impressive considering
the degree of low level cold air we will have in place. Have
raised pops to high chance with likely over the mountains Thu into
Fri, and a significant snow event is possible, though must
continue to stress the uncertainty in forcing as the Pacific and
Canadian waves attempt to phase, or not. Stay tuned.

Temperatures will fall again Friday into Saturday as we tap into
another cold airmass with origins in the Canadian arctic. However,
models have trended a bit warmer Thu and not-as-cold Fri/Sat, with
increasing potential for downslope winds and warming again by Sat
night and Sun. Have tweaked temps up for these periods, but a 1-2
day period of bitter cold is possible by the end of next week. If
klondike chinook develops next weekend at the heels of a
widespread snowfall, blowing snow would be a potential concern.




Areas of fog with local IFR-VLIFR conditions will impact central
parts including KBIL, K6S8 and KRPX early this morning. Further
east, and area of stratus with MVFR ceilings will impact KMLS,
KBHK and K97M this morning. Improvement to VFR should occur by
midday across most of the forecast area, though mountains may be
obscured at times. Gusty SW winds with gusts to 30+ kts will
impact KLVM this afternoon and tonight, possibly causing
reductions to MVFR in blowing snow.

An arctic front will drop out of Canada tonight bringing a shift
to gusty north winds and the onset of snowfall. Expect flight
conditions to drop to MVFR-IFR from KBIL to KMLS after 06z




    Tdy Mon     Tue     Wed     Thu     Fri     Sat
BIL 029 009/010 901/013 906/011 001/013 002/005 912/002
    1/E 46/S    33/J    10/U    14/S    55/S    31/B
LVM 031 017/020 003/017 905/017 009/018 004/007 912/004
    2/J 46/S    43/J    21/B    24/S    55/S    31/B
HDN 029 007/009 902/014 906/013 901/017 001/007 914/002
    0/E 46/S    33/J    10/U    13/S    45/S    31/B
MLS 019 000/006 908/013 906/011 904/013 901/004 915/901
    0/B 46/S    11/B    00/U    01/B    44/S    21/I
4BQ 026 005/010 904/013 904/014 902/017 003/008 912/000
    0/B 26/S    21/B    00/U    12/S    45/S    31/B
BHK 015 901/004 907/009 906/007 908/009 902/003 915/905
    0/B 46/S    11/B    00/U    01/B    44/S    21/I
SHR 030 012/015 904/013 904/014 901/020 002/006 911/000
    1/B 26/S    33/J    11/B    12/S    45/S    31/B




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