Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Springfield, MO

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000
FXUS63 KSGF 271115
AFDSGF

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Springfield MO
615 AM CDT Sat May 27 2017

.SHORT TERM...(Today and tonight)
Issued at 223 AM CDT Sat May 27 2017

Plenty of instability is already in place as noted by a supercell
that moved across the Missouri and Arkansas line early this
morning. Last night`s sounding showed around 3500 J/kg of CAPE
above a strong capping inversion. Hail up to golf balls in size
were reported and the best CAPE values and lapse rates are not
expected until this afternoon.

Surface low pressure moving east over the plains, an approaching
upper level trough, a 30 mph low level jet nosing into the region,
surface dew points in the upper 60s to middle 70s, CAPE values in
excess of 4000 J/kg and steep lapse rates will all contribute to
the potential for a significant severe weather outbreak across the
Ozarks and southeastern Kansas this afternoon and into this
evening.

The amount of instability and expected updraft strengths are
conducive to very large to giant hail production. Current thoughts
are for baseball size or larger hail with the strongest storms.
Thunderstorm wind gusts in excess of 60 mph and a few tornadoes
will also be possible.

The convection early this morning will likely leave boundaries
across the area, which will potentially act to enhance storms and
rotation this afternoon. Another concern would be the development
of a significant cold pool with this system. It would not be out
of the question that at some point this system develops a
derecho-like nature (squall line with widespread wind damage
potential) that would move across the region, taking advantage of
the instability in place across the area today. Additionally, 0-3
km bulk shear vectors orientated towards the east at 30-40 knots
would support mesovortex tornado potential with any portions of
the line bowing towards the east.

The Moderate Risk area from SPC was expanded to the west this
morning and now includes all of the Missouri Ozarks and
southeastern Kansas through tonight.

.LONG TERM...(Sunday through Friday)
Issued at 223 AM CDT Sat May 27 2017

Some lingering storms will remain across parts of the Mark Twain
National forest region of the Ozarks early Sunday. However, these
storms will be moving to the east as the upper level trough
finally slides through the region.

An upper level ridge will develop along the Rockies which will act
to keep the region in upper level northwesterly flow through the
first part of next week. This will bring fairly nice weather to
the area for Memorial Day. The only fly in the ointment for next
week will be any pieces of energy that will rotate around a
persistent upper low that will remain across the Great Lakes
region for most of next week. Any wave that moves across the
Plains could produce a shower or storm. As a result, scattered
precipitation will be possible Wednesday through the end of next
week.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Sunday morning)
Issued at 607 AM CDT Sat May 27 2017

MVFR visibilities will remain possible early this morning with
scattered MVFR ceilings for the entire morning.

Severe thunderstorms with strong wind gusts and possibly hail are
then expected from late this afternoon into this evening. MVFR and
brief IFR can be expected with these storms.

Once the storms end later tonight, ceilings will then lower as a
cold front passes through the region. IFR appears increasingly
likely by late tonight.

South winds today will become gusty in the afternoon before
shifting to the southwest and then northwest behind that passing
cold front tonight.

&&

.SGF WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MO...NONE.
KS...NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...Hatch
LONG TERM...Hatch
AVIATION...Schaumann



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