Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Burlington, VT

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FXUS61 KBTV 241423

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Burlington VT
1023 AM EDT Sun Jul 24 2016

Other than areas of fog this morning it looks like we will have a
break from the storms today with plenty of sunshine and high
temperatures generally in the 80s. The dry weather will be short
lived as the threat for more showers and thunderstorms returns
Monday afternoon and evening. And as has been the case with the
last couple of events...some of the storms could be strong to


As of 1023 AM EDT Sunday...Only minor adjustments needed to the
previous forecast at this time, mainly to hourly temp, dewpoints
 and sky to account for current trends. Otherwise, a fantastic
day is on tap for the North Country with filtered sunshine through
increasing high clouds, highs in the upper 70s to low 80s, and
comfortable humidity with dewpoints only in the 50s. Enjoy!

Previous Discussion...
Drier northwest flow aloft will prevail across the area for a
good part of the day today before the flow aloft backs to the west
tonight. Still some lingering clouds over the area early this
morning along with areas of fog. These elements will be gradually
eroding and should be gone by mid- morning. The resulting sunshine
should help temperatures climb into the 80s during the afternoon

The flow aloft begins to back to the west tonight and moisture will
begin to increase. Most of the night will remain dry but as
shortwave trough approaches...potential for some isolated convection
will exist out across the Saint Lawrence Valley by Monday morning.
Lows will range from the upper 50s east to the upper 60s west.


As of 406 AM EDT Sunday...Monday: 00z guidance suite in okay
agreement amongst one another, but as typically the case, it`s
those subtle differences that really are the keys to locking in
the details. that said, there still continue to be a number of
items in the "pro strong convection" category. those being:
shortwave moving into the area at peak heating time, an elevated
mixed layer (EML), surface instability (model mean CAPE values
1500-2000 J/kg), decent 0-6km shear of 40- 45kt (esp later in the
afternoon). in the "con strong convection" arena, question about
how much sunshine we`ll be able to get as there could be some
debris clouds during the morning, no strong low level convergence,
fairly warm layer around 800 mb which may act as a cap to
updrafts. after back and forth discussion (in my head, and with
the other forecaster here), I think most things will come together
for at least scattered convection to develop - that will have the
potential to become locally strong. SPC`s latest Day 2 outlook
keeps the region in a "Marginal Risk" for severe thunderstorms due
to the uncertainty. That assessment seems reasonable at this

Have added some enhanced characteristics to the forecast, namely to
add in the potential for strong gusty winds and small hail with
thunderstorms during the afternoon/early evening.

Speaking of that warm layer aloft, models indicate 925mb
temperatures could warm to as much as 25C. Mixing that down to the
surface under perfect situation (sunshine and well mixed boundary
layer) would result in temperatures reaching the mid-90s!

In fact, some aspects of Monday`s setup appear similar to what we
saw on Friday, where the warm layer aloft did cap convection for
much of the day and allowed temperatures to soar into the 90s. At
this point due to the uncertainty of cloud cover (thinking there
will be some) and the fact that the majority of guidance has mid 80s
for highs, I did go warmer than most guidance, but still played it a
bit conservative and painted in Upper 80s to a few spot 90F in the

Anticipate scattered thunderstorms to develop in the morning across
northern NY and then spread east throughout the afternoon. Bulk of
the storms should be east of the forecast area shortly after 21z
(5pm), however some instability will continue across western half of
the region into the early evening as those areas could have a chance
to "reload" thanks to sunshine after the initial batch of storms
earlier in the afternoon.  So for PoPs, I ramp up to the 45-60%
level by mid afternoon, then show a decrease, but keeping some 20-
30% PoPs going until a bit after midnight for eastern VT.
Convective mode will probably start with isolated cells, a line
forming during the afternoon. Primary threat would be strong wind

Monday Night: residual thunderstorms wind down for the first half of
the night across eastern sections. It will still be warm/muggy
overnight as there isn`t any cold front out there.

Tuesday: We`ll be on the backside of the trough responsible for
Monday`s action. Generally means subsidence aloft, and this should
be the case. Thus looking for a mostly sunny day. Guidance does
suggest a little bit of moisture hung up across the Northeast
Kingdom of VT and with that area being closer to the upper trough, a
shower or two is not out of the question early in the day.
Otherwise with 925mb temperatures in the 18-20C range, we will
readily top out in the lower to mid 80s in the valleys. This is
several degrees above normal.

Tuesday Night: quiet and calm, but still mild. Generally lows in the
upper 50s to lower 60s.


As of 406 AM EDT Sunday...Decent agreement between the 00z GFS
and ECMWF for much of the period. Wednesday should be dry and very
warm. 925mb temperatures are a couple of degrees warmer than
Tuesday, so we`ll see highs well into the 80s, perhaps a few lower
90s in the southern valleys. Hints of slight 500mb height falls
and a weak surface front to our north that will probably be a
focus for a few thunderstorms across Quebec. That feature should
stay away from here based on 00z guidance, but previous runs
didn`t have it as close. So perhaps that is a trend?

Thursday is a little trickier. Even though the 00z suite are
similar, they are differing from the 12z counterparts. At face
value with the 00z models, it would be a generally sunny and hot
day (925mb temperatures pushing 24C which would be mid 90s in
valleys) and still show a front just to our north. Previous runs
had moisture pushing up from the southwest. Thus will maintain
idea of 20-30% chance of showers/t-storms. Won`t buy into the heat
just yet, but even then, it will be another warmer than normal
summer day (mid 80s at least). Friday a deeper southwest flow
pattern should be established, and models bring increasing
moisture into the region. Thus we should see more in the way of
clouds and scattered showers/t-storms, and temperatures closer to
normal assuming more clouds. Saturday is more "iffy". GFS
continues the moist southwest flow pattern with a shortwave off to
our west. That would mean a rather unsettled day. 00Z Euro has a
weak ridge in place with light northerly flow, which would suggest
dry and mild. Forecast will show a blend, which actually works out
to climatology. Don`t cancel outdoor plans yet for Saturday.


.AVIATION /15Z Sunday THROUGH Thursday/...
Through 12z Monday...Fog and lower ceilings have decreased in
areal coverage and there may be a few spots that experience MVFR
conditions briefly through 14z...otherwise looking at VFR
conditions through the remainder of the period. Some mid and high
level clouds will be increasing across the area after 06z. Winds
will generally be under 10 knots through the period.

Outlook 12z Monday through Thursday...VFR conditions through much
of the period. Showers and thunderstorms Monday afternoon and
night could be strong to severe with gusty winds and hail and
ceilings/visibilities lowering into the MVFR and IFR categories
with any of the showers and storms.




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