Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Upton, NY

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FXUS61 KOKX 231945

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service New York NY
345 PM EDT Thu Mar 23 2017

A warm front approaches tonight and moves across the region on
Friday. An unsettled weather pattern then sets up this weekend
and continues into the middle of next week. A back door cold
front moves through Saturday afternoon and Saturday night. Low
pressure gradually approaches from the west Sunday, and moves
across on Monday. Another frontal system may impact the region
Tuesday into Wednesday.


Clear to start, then clouds begin to increase late at night ahead of
an approaching warm front. Models agree that it remains dry through
the night. Clouds arrive too late to make much of an impact on
low temperatures, which will be below normals.


Isentropic lift and low-mid level shortwave energy pass through
along with the surface warm front during Friday morning. The best
combination of moisture and lift will be north and west of the city.
It will then be dry by mid afternoon across the CWA. Have scaled
back on PoPs somewhat from the previous forecast, but did not have
enough confidence to drop it below likely over the far NW zones.

Regarding PCPN types, expecting a short period of mixed PCPN before
changing to plain rain as temps aloft warm up quickly. For the NW
zones this mix starts out as mostly snow, and near the coast there
could be a brief rain/sleet mix at the onset before changing to all
rain. There the potential of up to an inch of snow/sleet
accumulation NW of the city before the changeover. There is also the
chance that there`s freezing rain in the mix for a couple of hours
for Orange and Putnam Counties and areas right near their borders.
Thinking is that the changeover to plain rain will be too quick for
a widespread freezing rain event, especially without an ideal
cold air damming setup. Will therefore not issue any advisories
at this time. High temperatures will be a little below normal.

Dry during the nighttime with the warm front still to the north.
This plus mostly cloudy conditions will lead to above normal
low temperatures Friday night.


Unsettled weather pattern sets up across the region through the long
term period.

On Saturday, a split flow jet stream with polar jet running across
the New England southern Canada border and southern stream cut-off
across the south central United States. Weak ridging attempts to set
up between these two streams. Surface high pressure across the
western Atlantic pumps unseasonably warm air into the area under
southwesterly flow. At the same time, a back door front will
gradually sink south from New England. Deterministic models and
ensembles all indicate strong high pressure pushing south out of
southeast Canada, forcing the boundary south through the day on
Saturday. The main question is with the timing. The ECMWF, NAM, and
NAM-3km all bring the boundary south of Long Island by early
afternoon. The GFS and CMC are a bit slower, bringing the boundary
south by early evening. There is notable spread in the 15z SREF as

The timing of the back door front will have be important with
regards to temperatures. The slower timing will allow temperatures
to warm well into the 50s, and possibly lower 60s.
Faster timing will hold highs down, more in the 40s and 50s.
Spread in the 15z SREF at BDR for high temperatures ranges from 44
to 60 degrees. Have generally sided with a consensus for this
forecast, with the boundary moving south in the afternoon, allowing
temperatures to warm into the middle and upper 50s.

Upper level cutoff low opens Sunday night into Monday as the
remaining shortwave passes near or just to our north. PoPs increase
to likely this period with rain. Parent low will likely pass to the
north, with possible secondary development along nearly stationary
front near or just south of Long Island. High temperatures will
ultimately be determined by where this boundary sets up. Current
forecast shows readings in the 50s near the coast, and upper 40s

Shortwave passes east Monday night followed by weak ridging aloft.
Progressive flow pattern leads to the continuation of unsettled
conditions with models and ensembles signaling another frontal
system approaching Tuesday, passing Tuesday night into Wednesday.
Continued chances for rain and near seasonable temperatures are
forecast. High pressure should follow for next Thursday.


High pressure builds in from the west today, then slides
offshore to the southeast tonight. A warm front them lifts to
the north from Friday morning into Friday afternoon.

VFR through the TAF period. There is the potential for some
light precipitation Friday morning. At this time confidence only
high enough for prevailing at KHPN and KSWF which should see a
wintry mix. Any accumulation at those two terminals should be
less than 1 inch. Elsewhere address with PROB30 - with mainly
rain/sleet changing to rain, with no sleet accumulation

NW flow generally around 10kt this afternoon, with some isolated
gusts to 20kt or so (except frequent gusts KBDR/KISP/KGON).
Winds become light and variable this evening. Winds then
increase out of the S-SSW Friday morning to around 10kt.

     NY Metro Enhanced Aviation Weather Support...

Detailed information, including hourly TAF wind component forecasts,
can be found at: http:/

KJFK TAF Comments: Winds should be within +/- 20 degrees of 300
true/310 magnetic through the remainder of the afternoon. There
is a low chance for isolated gusts up to 20 kt into this

KLGA TAF Comments: Winds should be within +/- 20 degrees of 300
true/310 magnetic through the remainder of the afternoon. There
is a low chance for isolated gusts up to 20 kt into this

KEWR TAF Comments: Winds should be within +/- 20 degrees of 300
true/310 magnetic through the remainder of the afternoon. There
is a low chance for isolated gusts up to 20 kt into this

KTEB TAF Comments: There is a low chance for isolated gusts up
to 20 kt into this afternoon.

KHPN TAF Comments: No unscheduled amendments are expected.

KISP TAF Comments: The end time of gusts could be off +/- 1-2

.Friday afternoon...Most likely VFR, very low chance MVFR. LLWS
.Friday night-Saturday morning...VFR.
.Saturday afternoon-Monday...MVFR/IFR probable, possibly LIFR.
.Monday night-Tuesday...MVFR or lower possible.


Tranquil conditions on all waters tonight into Friday morning
with a high pressure ridge passing through. Winds and seas then
increase Friday afternoon with the pressure gradient tightening.
Expecting all but NY Harbor to see SCA conds in the afternoon,
with advisory conds continuing into the night for the ocean,
Eastern Sound and Eastern Bays. Have issued an SCA accordingly.

Lingering seas around 5 ft are possible east of Moriches inlet
Saturday morning. Otherwise, winds and seas are expected to be below
SCA levels on Saturday. Increasing easterly flow Saturday night into
Sunday brings wind gusts near 25 kt on the ocean, with ocean seas
approaching 5 ft. SCA winds are possible on LI Sound, LI Bays, and
NY Harbor.

The pressure gradient weakens Sunday night into Monday. Sub-SCA
conditions are forecast on all waters through Monday night. The
approach of a frontal system may build seas around 5 ft Tuesday


Unsettled weather this weekend into early next week may result in an
inch or more of precipitation. However, this would occur over a
prolonged period, so no hydrologic concerns are anticipated. Snow
melt across interior sections continues at a slow rate with a more
significant snow melt on Saturday as temperatures rise to above
normal readings.


MARINE...Small Craft Advisory from 10 AM Friday to midnight EDT Friday
     night for ANZ330-340.
     Small Craft Advisory from noon to 6 PM EDT Friday for ANZ335-
     Small Craft Advisory from 10 AM Friday to 6 AM EDT Saturday
     for ANZ350-353-355.



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