Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Milwaukee/Sullivan, WI

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FXUS63 KMKX 102116

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Milwaukee/Sullivan WI
315 PM CST SAT DEC 10 2016

.TONIGHT AND SUNDAY - Forecast Confidence...High.

Snow will continue to spread southwest to northeast across the
forecast area this afternoon into early evening. Strong warm
advection and frontogenetic forcing ahead of approaching low
pressure will keep persistent snowfall going through the
evening/overnight and into Sunday. The snow will wind down west to
east Sunday afternoon into early evening as the low and associated
cold front move through.

Not a lot of change in total liquid equivalent expected with this
storm. A blend of models came in around .05" higher than the
previous forecast. Model soundings are showing an impressively deep
dendrite growth zone for much of this evening and overnight, which
should help contribute to higher snow to liquid ratios. Given the
higher ratios and somewhat higher QPF amounts, total snow ended up
about 1 to 1.5 inches higher than previous forecast. New totals are
in the 7-10 inch range. Given the boost in numbers...decided to pull
the trigger on a Winter Storm warning across the southern 3 rows of
counties. Went with a Winter Weather Advisory in the northern row
where the lowest amounts are anticipated. Travel will become
hazardous given the snow covered roads and significantly reduced
visibilities at times.

.SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY - Forecast Confidence...Medium.

Will end snow early Sunday evening as drier air sweeps in from the
west and mid-level short wave speeds east of the area.  Possible
that some light freezing drizzle may be mixed with the light snow as
it tapers off and ends at the tail end of the event in the early
evening as the atmosphere dries significantly abv 5k feet, however
not enough confidence to include at this point. Although the
precipitation will be ending, low level cold air advection and a
tightening pressure gradient may result in areas of blowing snow
into early Monday.  The snowfall expected tonight and Sunday will be
drier and more susceptible to being elevated.

The winds will settle down and become less gusty later Monday
morning ending the blowing snow threat.  Short range guidance coming
into better agreement on surge of warm air advection and isentropic
omega on 285 theta surface spreading rapidly across southern WI
Monday evening.  Will be adding high chance pops for the evening
with higher snow ratios of 15 to 20 to 1 possibly producing a quick
inch of dry snow. Then a reinforcing push of cold air on breezy WNW
winds is expected on Tue.


TUESDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY - Forecast Confidence...Medium.

Southeastward drifting polar low across southern Canada will ensure
Wisconsin and the Great Lakes remain bitterly cold through Thursday.
Later in the period the polar low shifts farther off into eastern
Canada resulting in zonal flow regime setting up across northern
CONUS.  Temps will moderate slightly but likely remain below
seasonal normal.

Zonal flow regime quickly succumbs to amplifying upstream long-wave
troffing over western CONUS on Friday.  Increasing south winds ahead
of long wave trof will usher deeper moisture northward into the
upper midwest, also strengthening baroclinic zone across the area.
This scenario would likely result in areas of -sn returning to the
area on Friday. Medium range guidance showing some agreement on
short wave trof and resultant sfc low pressure developing somewhere
in the southern or central Plains early in the weekend and tracking
northeast toward the Great Lakes on Saturday...however ensembles
showing considerable variability regarding this evening.  Never the
less, the string of weekend snow events for southern WI looks likely
to continue.



Steady snowfall will spread across the forecast area this afternoon
into early this evening, not winding down until later Sunday
afternoon into early Sunday evening. Persistent visibilities of 1 to
2 miles though the event are likely, with periods down to 1/2 mile
probable as well. Not out of the question to see visibilities drop
briefly to 1/4 mile under heavier bands.

The snow will be of the drier variety through the event, with ratios
starting around 20:1 and ending around 12:1. With this being a
prolonged event, rates will probably not exceed an inch an hour for
most of the event, though brief heavier bursts are always possible.
Storm totals are expected to be in the 6-8 inch range in the
northern forecast area, to 7-10 inches elsewhere.



Southerly winds ahead of approaching low pressure will likely gust
to 25 knot at times Sunday. This will build waves of 3 to 5 feet
across the nearshore waters on Sunday. Westerly winds will then
become gusty behind the low and associated cold front Sunday
evening, with higher gusts lingering into Monday morning. The waves
will be lower with the offshore winds Sunday evening into Monday,
except for higher waves toward open waters. Have decided to go with
a Small Craft Advisory from 9 am Sunday to 10 am Monday.



WI...WINTER STORM WARNING until 6 PM CST Sunday for WIZ056-062-063-

     WINTER STORM WARNING from 6 PM this evening to 8 PM CST Sunday
     for WIZ057>060-064>066-071-072.

     WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY from 6 PM this evening to 8 PM CST
     Sunday for WIZ046-047-051-052.

LM...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY from 9 AM Sunday to 9 AM CST Monday for

SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY...MBK is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.