Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Rapids, MI

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FXUS63 KGRR 191930

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Grand Rapids MI
307 PM EDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Synopsis/Short Term/Long Term/Hydro/Marine

Issued at 330 PM EDT Tue Sep 19 2017

A few showers and isolated thunderstorms will continue into this
evening over South Central Lower Michigan.  These are expected to
diminish sometime after midnight.  Expect all areas to see fog
develop late tonight into early Wednesday.

A weak cold front will bring the chance of more scattered showers
and storms Wednesday night and again Thursday afternoon.  Much of
the rest of the week and into early next week looks to be dry.

Daily high temperatures are expected to be in the 80s each day, with
some locations possibably hitting 90 Friday and Saturday.


.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Thursday night)
Issued at 330 PM EDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Passing short wave will continue to produce some showers over the SE
CWA into tonight.  Then isolated convection will be possible with a
front Wednesday night, but could linger into Thursday night.

A mid level short wave was slowly moving across the CWA this
afternoon.  I extended the POPs into tonight on the morning update,
and this still looks good for areas SE of a Alma to Kalamazoo line.
These should diminish toward midnight as the wave exits.

Enough boundary moisture and light winds to expect fog development
late tonight.  Vsbys below a mile seem plausible across the CWA. The
fog will probably hold into the Wednesday morning, but conditions
should improve toward 10 AM.

After a quiet Wednesday a weakening cold front pushes toward the
area Wednesday night.  Also in this time frame we will see upper
ridging attempting to build into the Great Lakes.  This will be the
battle zone as to while one wins out, the front or the ridge. Expect
the best chance of seeing storms from this front will be NW of GRR
Wednesday night.  The front washes out into Thursday, but some
diurnal convection will be possible over the interior CWA Thursday

Quite a summer-like setup by Thursday night with a large upper high
sitting over the southern Great Lakes.  Expect steamy conditions
with dewpoints reaching 65 to 70.  We may become capped by Thursday
night, but its possible an isolated storm could occur if the capped
is broken.  So largely expect dry conditions by Thursday night, but
we can not rule out an isolated storm.

.LONG TERM...(Friday through Tuesday)
Issued at 330 PM EDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Hot and dry are the main themes of the long term period which
stretches from Friday through early next week. The pattern is
somewhat blocked with tropical systems off the east coast and a
trough out across the Western U.S. The Great Lakes will be situated
in between with a building ridge overhead. Given this pattern we see
little to no chances for rainfall.

As for temperatures it is going to feel like deep summer as compared
to late September. Record highs in Grand Rapids from Friday through
Monday are 90, 90, 91 and 90 respectively. We will be at least near
record highs with readings in the upper 80s to around 90 given very
high 500mb heights (around 590dm) and 850mb temps between +16C and
+20C the entire time. Friday and Saturday may be our warmest days.


.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Wednesday afternoon)
Issued at 204 PM EDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Stratus and fog has been slow to lift today, which is normally
the case as we move through September. This is due to a lowering
sun angle which is not as effective in low cloud erosion.

The consensus of high resolution short term models shows the
clouds lifting some this afternoon and early evening, to VFR
towards KMKG and MVFR at KJXN. This evening and overnight the low
clouds and fog will become more widespread than last night. We
are expecting at least IFR in all areas with LIFR and VLIFR
likely. The fog and stratus will lift through the course of
Wednesday morning.


Issued at 330 PM EDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Offshore flow will continue tonight into Wed, when the winds
gradually turn more southerly.  Speeds are expected to be 15 knots
or less keeping waves on the low side.  A thunderstorm risk Wed night


Issued at 330 PM EDT Tue Sep 19 2017

Rainfall this morning was fairly light and occurred south of a line
from Holland to Lansing. Most rainfall totals were under 0.10
inches, but a few locations did pick up more than 0.25 inches.
Weakening low pressure tracking south of the area will continue to
provide a chance for showers south of I-96 today. Rainfall this
afternoon and evening will be even more hit and miss than this
morning. A few locations in Ingham, Jackson, and Calhoun counties
could pick up more than a tenth of an inch of new rainfall, however.
A weak frontal boundary will provide the next chance for showers or
a thunderstorm Wednesday night into Thursday. High confidence then
exists with very warm and dry conditions late Friday through the




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