Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Wichita, KS

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NOUS43 KICT 221100

Public Information Statement
National Weather Service Wichita KS
600 AM CDT Sun May 22 2016


In 2011, the catastrophic Joplin Tornado roared into
history.  The EF5 tornado killed 158, the seventh
deadliest in United States history and the deadliest
since the Southern Plains Tri-State Tornado of April 9th,
1947 that killed 181.  The tornado`s track was 22 miles
long, reached 1 mile wide and lasted 38 minutes.  The
worst destruction was to Saint John`s Medical Center,
where 6 were killed, and to Joplin High School.  Many
houses were leveled or swept from their foundations.
Damage estimates were around $2.8 billion.  An estimated
1,000 were injured.  In 2004, the widest tornado to that
date hit Hallam Nebraska, 25 miles southwest of Lincoln.
The giant F4 reached an incredible 2.5 miles wide along a
path that was 54 miles long and lasted 1 hour and 20
minutes! Two schools were hit, buses were tossed, homes
were leveled, and a freight train was thrown.
Surprisingly there was only one fatality but 37 were
injured.  It was the widest tornado on record until May
31st, 2013, when it was edged out by the 2.6 mile wide El
Reno Oklahoma Tornado.


In 1960, the most powerful earthquake in history erupted
approximately 100 miles off the coast of Chile directly
west of Valdivia.  The ultra mega earthquake registered a
moment magnitude of 9.5 but was preceded by very powerful
earthquakes on the 21st that had moment magnitudes
reaching as high as 7.9 that devastated Concepcion.  The
earthquake ruptured a 560 to 620 mile segment of the
Nasca Plate which had subducted the South American Plate.
The catastrophic quake triggered tsunamis that traveled
across the Pacific to as far away as Japan, the
Philippines and Australia.  The highest tsunami reached
82 feet that slammed into that part of the coast bounded
by the ports of Lebu and Puerto Aisen.A 35-foot tsunami
slammed into Hilo Hawaii, 6,200 miles distant, some 15
hours later where 61 were killed.  The tsunami arrived in
the middle of the night.  It was the first tsunami for
which warnings had been issued.  Anywhere from 1,850 to
2,000 people were killed of which 1,655 were in Chile.

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