Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Sterling, VA

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323
FXUS61 KLWX 201359
AFDLWX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Baltimore MD/Washington DC
959 AM EDT FRI MAY 20 2016

.SYNOPSIS...
High pressure will retreat to the northeast this afternoon. Low
pressure will track east across North Carolina tonight before
turning up the Mid-Atlantic coast Saturday. Upper level low
pressure will persist along the Mid-Atlantic coast Saturday night
through Monday night. High pressure returns Tuesday.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/...
Going forecast in good shape, and relatively few changes needed to
the forecast. On the whole, a quiet day is expected as the high
moves toward the northern Mid-Atlantic coast. Mid and high level
clouds will be increasing by afternoon ahead of a low pressure
system in the TN Valley. These clouds have already reached the
Potomac Highlands. Any chance should hold off until after mid-
afternoon. There should be enough sun for most of the area to push
into the 70s, although clouds may restrict temperatures to the
south.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT/...
As mid/upper level trough pushes east tonight into Saturday,
energy will transfer to a coastal low which will lift NE up the
Mid- Atlantic seaboard. A SE low level jet will inject a tongue of
higher PWs tonight into early Saturday. Still looking at a swath
of moderate to locally heavy rain to push across the area,
although it may not make it to the metro areas until around
daybreak Saturday. Hydro concerns are minimal -- see section
below. There may be some breaks, or at least lightening, of the
rain Saturday afternoon, but wrap-around moisture will at least
make for some off and on rain or drizzle. Temperatures will
struggle to rise much, possibly failing to reach 60F in many
places.

Saturday night into Sunday will continue to be unsettled with the
upper level system closing off over the area. There may be an
embedded disturbance which enhances shower chances Saturday night.
On Sunday, the showers may take on more of a diurnal flavor with
the upper low directly overhead. Have not added thunder at this
point as instability doesn`t look deep. Knocked a degree or two
off highs for Sunday (mainly upper 60s now) as cloud cover may win
out at times, especially by afternoon. The low will inch eastward
Sunday night, so have a gradual decreasing of shower chances.
Minimum temperatures don`t change much through the period...upper
40s to lower 50s.

&&

.LONG TERM /MONDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
Deep upper level low pressure will remain over the area Monday.
It will only very slowly shift northeastward away from our area
Monday night and Tuesday. Upper level ridging will gradually
become dominant Wednesday and Thursday.

At the surface, this means low pressure will remain to the east on
Monday but cold air aloft will result in showers and perhaps even
a thunderstorm. As the system shfits northeast Tuesday, warming
temperatures aloft combined with convergence in the wake of the
system and building high pressure will result in a dry day.
Wednesday looks like it will remain mostly dry. By Thursday, a
front will approach from the west, heights may drop a bit, and we
may end up getting some instability showers or thunderstorms
especially over the mountains.

Monday will remain cooler than normal with the upper low overhead.
By Tuesday, temperatures will return to normal, while Wednesday
and Thursday should exceed normal by several degrees.

&&

.AVIATION /14Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
VFR with light winds today as the high moves east. Clouds
increase and lower tonight in advance of low pressure system.
Expect a swath of moderate to perhaps heavy rain late tonight into
Saturday morning. Would expect a period of IFR conditions. There
may be some improvement Saturday afternoon, but showers and low
cigs will remain in the area through Saturday night and possibly
Sunday with N to NE flow. Any showers should taper off by Sunday
night.

Sub-VFR conditions remain possible Monday with the upper low
nearby and showers around. VFR should dominate Tuesday with dry
weather returning.

&&

.MARINE...
Light E to SE flow today as high pressure moves offshore. Rain
overspreads the area late tonight into Saturday which will inhibit
mixing, but as low pressure moves offshore, gradient will be
strong enough for SCA conditions. Have hoisted the SCA starting
late tonight for the southern waters, then for all waters during
the day Saturday. This may need to be extended for portions of the
waters Saturday night. N to NW flow now looks to stay 15 kt or
less for Sunday and beyond.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
Period of moderate to heavy rain has the potential to bring 1-2
inches of rainfall to the area, with the highest amounts focused
on the southern CWA. This will not be a convective (1hr FFG) type
of event, and would probably need at least 1.5 inches in 3 hours
to begin hydro concerns. Certainly not out of the question and
will need to be monitored, but the rain may be just spread out
enough to preclude any major issues. Ensemble mean of MMEFS keeps
all river points below flood stage, so small streams and urban
areas will be the places to watch.

&&

.LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
DC...None.
MD...None.
VA...None.
WV...None.
MARINE...Small Craft Advisory from 8 AM to 6 PM EDT Saturday for
     ANZ530>533-535-536-538>541.
     Small Craft Advisory from 4 AM to 6 PM EDT Saturday for ANZ534-
     537-542-543.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...RCM
NEAR TERM...ADS/HTS
SHORT TERM...ADS
LONG TERM...RCM
AVIATION...ADS/RCM
MARINE...ADS/RCM
HYDROLOGY...ADS



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