Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS San Francisco Bay Area, CA

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000
FXUS66 KMTR 180551
AFDMTR

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA
951 PM PST WED DEC 17 2014

.SYNOPSIS...SHOWERS WILL LINGER OVER THE REGION THROUGH TONIGHT
BEFORE A BRIEF LULL IN PRECIPITATION ON THURSDAY. OUR NEXT SYSTEM
WILL BRING RAIN BACK TO THE REGION LATE THURSDAY THROUGH
FRIDAY...YET RAINFALL AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED TO GENERALLY BE LIGHT. A
RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE WILL THEN BUILD OVER MUCH OF THE STATE AND
RESULT IN DRY...SEASONAL WEATHER CONDITIONS.

&&

.DISCUSSION...AS OF 8:47 PM PST WEDNESDAY...THE PROGRESSIVE MID-
LATITUDE WESTERLIES ARE SENDING YET ANOTHER SHORTWAVE TROUGH
EASTWARD FROM THE BAY AREA TO THE CENTRAL VALLEY THIS EVENING. A
LINE OF SHOWERS DEVELOPED DURING THE DAY AND MOVED OVER THE AREA
RESULTING IN HOURLY RAIN RATES UPWARDS OF 0.30" TO 0.40" OVER THE
NORTH BAY AND RAIN RATES GENERALLY 0.10" TO 0.20" OR LESS
ELSEWHERE. MINOR FLOODING ISSUES REMAINS A RISK DUE TO SATURATED
SOILS AND ABOVE NORMAL DECEMBER RAINS. MORE RAIN IS IN THE
FORECAST TO ARRIVE LATER THURSDAY INTO FRIDAY. NO UPDATES ARE
PLANNED FOR 1ST OR 2ND PERIOD FORECASTS AS THE PRESENT FORECAST
LOOKS GOOD WITH TRENDS INDICATING GRADUALLY DECREASING SHOWER
CHANCES LATER TONIGHT INTO THURSDAY.

A SHORTWAVE RIDGE WILL BE A VISITOR TO THE AREA THURSDAY PROVIDING
A VERY SHORT TERM DRY BREAK OVER MUCH OF THE FORECAST AREA. HOWEVER
OVER THE NORTH BAY IT`S POSSIBLE OFF AND ON SPOTTY LIGHT RAIN
NEVER REALLY COMPLETELY CEASES AS A LOW LEVEL WARM AIR ADVECTION
PATTERN ARRIVES (SOURCE FOR ADDITIONAL LIGHT RAIN DEVELOPMENT)
FOLLOWED BY THE AFOREMENTIONED RIDGE BEGINNING TO WEAKEN AS SOON AS
THURSDAY EVENING. ANOTHER WEAK TROUGH THEN MOVES OVER THE ENTIRE
AREA FROM LATE THURSDAY THROUGH LATE FRIDAY WITH RAIN TOTALS BASED
ON 00Z NAM MODEL UPWARDS OF 1" OVER SONOMA...MARIN AND NAPA
COUNTIES...UPWARDS OF 1/3" OVER SAN FRANCISCO...SAN MATEO...SANTA
CRUZ AND SANTA CLARA COUNTIES AND 1/4" OR LESS OVER THE REMAINDER
OF THE AREA. THE NEXT CHANCE FOR DRY WEATHER IS THIS WEEKEND WHEN
THE EASTERN PACIFIC RIDGE STRENGTHENS AND EDGES CLOSER TO NORCAL.
THE ECMWF AND GFS FORECASTS GO WITH DRY WEATHER THROUGH ABOUT THE
MIDDLE OF NEXT WEEK.

&&

.PREVIOUS DISCUSSION...AS OF 01:58 PM PST WEDNESDAY...LINGERING
SHOWERS CONTINUE TO INCREASE IN COVERAGE THIS AFTERNOON AS A WEAK
MID/UPPER LEVEL DISTURBANCE APPROACHES THE REGION. THIS WILL ALLOW
FOR ISOLATED TO SCATTERED SHOWERS TO CONTINUE THROUGH THE EVENING
WITH GENERALLY LIGHT RAINFALL AMOUNTS. ADDITIONAL RAINFALL AMOUNTS
OF 0.10" TO 0.15" IN URBAN AREAS WITH THE COASTAL RANGES PICKING
UP AS MUCH AS 0.25" TO 0.50" OF RAIN THROUGH TONIGHT. A BIT OF A
LULL IN PRECIPITATION IS EXPECTED ON THURSDAY ON THE BACK SIDE OF
THE EXITING MID/UPPER LEVEL TROUGH.

CHANCES FOR PRECIPITATION ONCE AGAIN INCREASE THURSDAY NIGHT INTO
FRIDAY AS THE NEXT PACIFIC SYSTEM APPROACHES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST.
THIS FEATURE WILL PUSH ANOTHER FRONTAL BOUNDARY INTO THE NORTH BAY
LATE THURSDAY NIGHT AND THEN SOUTHWARD DURING THE DAY ON FRIDAY.
PWAT VALUES ARE FORECAST TO BE JUST ABOVE THE 1 INCH MARK...YET THE
MID/UPPER LEVEL SUPPORT WILL NOT BE ALL THAT STRONG. WITH THAT
SAID...ONLY EXPECTING WIDESPREAD RAINFALL AMOUNTS TO BE AROUND 0.50"
TO 1.00" IN THE NORTH BAY...GENERALLY BELOW 0.50" OVER THE SAN
FRANCISCO BAY AREA AND 0.25" OR LESS SOUTH OF THE SANTA CRUZ
MOUNTAINS. A FEW SHOWERS MAY LINGER OVER THE NORTH BAY THROUGH
SATURDAY...YET A MAJORITY OF THE REGION IS FORECAST TO BEGIN A
DRYING TREND.

BY EARLY NEXT WEEK...A RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD OVER THE
EASTERN PACIFIC AND BRING DRY CONDITIONS TO THE REGION. DAYTIME
TEMPERATURES WILL ALSO WARM SLIGHTLY UNDER PARTLY CLOUDY CONDITIONS.
THE RIDGE IS FORECAST TO REMAIN IN PLACE THROUGH MIDWEEK AND WILL
ALLOW FOR SOME DRYING OF THE VERY SATURATED SOILS CAUSED BY THE
MUCH NEEDED RECENT RAINFALL. THE FORECAST MODELS THEN DIVERGE LATE
NEXT WEEK ON THE UPPER LEVEL PATTERN. THE ECMWF AND GEM PUSH A
STRONGER MID/UPPER LEVEL SYSTEM INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST WITH A
COLD AIRMASS DROPPING SOUTHWARD. MEANWHILE...THE GFS DOES BREAK DOWN
THE RIDGE SLIGHTLY...YET PUSHES THE MUCH COLDER AIR MASS DOWN INTO
THE CENTRAL PLAINS. OVERALL...NO MAJOR WEATHER CONCERNS ANTICIPATED
ACROSS THE REGION FOR CHRISTMAS.

&&

.AVIATION...AS OF 9:51 PM PST WEDNESDAY...SHOWERS ARE QUICKLY
DISSIPATING FROM NORTH TO SOUTH AS THE COLD FRONT MOVES OUT OF THE
REGION. ABUNDANT LOW LEVEL MOISTURE IS EXPECTED TO BRING LOWER
CIGS OVERNIGHT. WINDS WILL BE PREDOMINANTLY LIGHT AND OUT OF THE
SOUTHEAST THROUGH MUCH OF THE FORECAST PERIOD. CONFIDENCE IS
MODERATE TO HIGH.

VICINITY OF KSFO...MAINLY MVFR CIGS ARE EXPECTED THROUGH THE
FORECAST PERIOD. LINGERING SHOWERS WILL TAPER OVERNIGHT. SOUTHEASTERLY
WINDS WILL PREVAIL.

KSFO BRIDGE APPROACH...SIMILAR TO KSFO.

MONTEREY BAY AREA TERMINALS...MVFR CIGS AND EASTERLY WINDS WILL
PREVAIL THROUGH TONIGHT. SHOWERS WILL TAPER OVERNIGHT.

&&

.MARINE...AS OF 8:51 PM PST WEDNESDAY...WINDS WILL GRADUALLY VEER
TO THE WEST BEHIND THE COLD FRONT AS IT MOVES INLAND TONIGHT.
WINDS ARE ANTICIPATED TO BE LIGHT BEGINNING FRIDAY AS HIGH
PRESSURE BUILDS OVER THE AREA BETWEEN STORM SYSTEMS. A
LARGE...LONG PERIOD WESTERLY SWELL WILL IMPACT THE COAST FRIDAY
AFTERNOON LASTING INTO THE WEEKEND.

&&

.MTR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
     .TNGT...SCA...PIGEON PT TO PT PINOS 0-10 NM UNTIL 10 PM
             SCA...PT PINOS TO PT PIEDRAS BLANCAS 0-10 NM UNTIL 10 PM
             SCA...PIGEON PT TO PT PINOS 10-60 NM UNTIL 10 PM
             SCA...PT PINOS TO PT PIEDRAS BLANCAS 10-60 NM UNTIL 10 PM
             SCA...PT ARENA TO PT REYES 0-10 NM UNTIL 10 PM
             SCA...PT ARENA TO PT REYES 10-60 NM UNTIL 10 PM
             SCA...PT REYES TO PIGEON PT 10-60 NM UNTIL 10 PM
             SCA...PT REYES TO PIGEON PT 0-10 NM UNTIL 1 AM

&&

$$

PUBLIC FORECAST: CANEPA/RGASS
AVIATION/MARINE: CW

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