Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Binghamton, NY

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FXUS61 KBGM 210820
AFDBGM

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BINGHAMTON NY
420 AM EDT MON APR 21 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
HIGH PRESSURE WILL BRING ANOTHER FAIR WEATHER DAY TO THE AREA
TODAY...WITH FURTHER WARMING RESULTING IN HIGHS IN THE UPPER 60S TO
LOWER 70S. CLOUDS WILL INCREASE INTO TONIGHT...FOLLOWED BY A SHOWERS
TUESDAY AS A COLD FRONT PASSES. BEHIND THAT FRONT...COOLER
TEMPERATURES ARE EXPECTED THROUGH MIDWEEK.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
415 AM UPDATE...
ATTEMPTED RADIATIONAL COOLING FROM MAINLY CLEAR SKY...HAS COMPETED
WITH FAIRLY ROBUST WARM AIR ADVECTION OVERNIGHT HOURS...AND NOW
SOME MID LEVEL CLOUDS ARE ALSO MOVING INTO CENTRAL NEW YORK. PRESSURE
GRADIENT IS SUCH THAT ATMOSPHERE OUTSIDE OF THE MORE SHELTERED
VALLEYS REMAINS FAIRLY MIXED...THUS NOT AS COLD THIS MORNING.
HOWEVER...MORE SHELTERED VALLEYS HAVE INDEED REALIZED RADIATIONAL
COOLING...SO THERE IS CURRENTLY A PRETTY BIG RIDGE-TO-VALLEY
SPREAD IN TEMPERATURES...AND FLATTER TERRAIN VERSUS HILLY. ELMIRA
AT 4 AM IS ONLY 35 DEGREES AND SIDNEY 39...YET SYRACUSE AND PENN
YAN ARE IN THE LOWER 50S.

THE CONTINUED WARM AIR ADVECTION WILL LEAD TO UPPER 60S TO LOW 70S
FOR HIGHS TODAY...WITH SUN FILTERED BY SOME HIGH THIN CLOUDS.
PRESSURE GRADIENT ACTUALLY RELAXES...RESULTING IN BOUNDARY LAYER
WINDS MAINLY LESS THAN 10 KTS AND THUS LIGHT WINDS TODAY EVEN
WHERE FULL MIXING OCCURS.

THE HIGH CLOUDS THICKEN TONIGHT...PREVENTING RADIATIONAL COOLING
AND THUS MILD TEMPERATURES EXPECTED WITH LOWS IN THE 40S TO LOW
50S. GFS MODEL IS NOW THE OUTLIER IN BRINGING IN UPPER WAVE AND
APPROACHING FRONT...AND RESULTANT QPF...IN AHEAD OF 12Z TUESDAY. I
HAVE SIDED WITH CONSENSUS OF OTHER MODELS...AND THUS KEEP TONIGHT
DRY EXCEPT FOR SLIGHT CHANCE WEST OF SYR-ITH-ELM LINE VERY LATE.
RAINFALL WITH THIS SYSTEM WILL WAIT UNTIL DURING THE DAY TUESDAY.

&&

.SHORT TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY NIGHT/...
330 AM UPDATE...
A COLD FRONT AND SHARPENING UPPER TROF ARE EXPECTED TO MOVE
THROUGH THE REGION WITH PERIODS OF RAIN ON TUESDAY. MODELS HAVE
BEEN REALLY CONSISTENT WITH THE DRIVING FEATURES...SO NOW IT IS
JUST A MATTER OF FINE TUNING THE TIMING. LATEST RUNS CONTINUE TO
TREND SLIGHTLY SLOWER WITH MAYBE JUST A CHANCE FOR SOME LEADING
SHOWERS OR SPRINKLES DURING THE EARLY DAYTIME HOURS...BUT BY LATE
TUESDAY MORNING RAIN WILL BE SPREADING QUICKLY EAST THROUGH THE
FINGER LAKES AND TWIN TIER REGIONS. WE EXPECT THE PRECIP TO PROBABLY
NOT START IN THE CATSKILLS AND POCONOS UNTIL EARLY AFTERNOON. THE
BEST CHANCES LINGER IN ANY ONE AREA FOR ABOUT 3-4 HOURS BEFORE
MOVING EAST BY EARLY EVENING. SOME MODEL INDICES SUGGEST ENOUGH
INSTABILITY FOR POTENTIAL THUNDERSTORMS...BUT THIS LOOKS OVERDONE,
PARTICULARLY BY THE NAM MODEL. CAN/T TOTALLY RULE OUT A RUMBLE OR
TWO GIVEN THE MODEST UPPER LEVEL FORCING...BUT THAT/S NOT WORTH
THE FULL BLOWN MENTION OF THUNDER...STORMS.

MOVING INTO TUESDAY NIGHT...THE MAIN FORCING AND DEEP MOISTURE LEAVES
THE AREA BY 00Z...BUT SHARP CYCLONIC FLOW ALOFT AND DESTABILIZING
LOW LEVEL NORTHWESTERLY FLOW SUGGESTS SCATTERED SHOWERS CONTINUING
INTO MUCH OF TUESDAY NIGHT. THERMAL PROFILES ALOFT DROP BELOW ZERO
AT 925-850 MB WHICH WILL USHER IN COLDER AIR AND POSSIBLY SOME WET
SNOW FLAKES. HAVE INCLUDED MENTION OF SNOW SHOWERS WHERE TEMPERATURES
ARE FORECAST TO DIP BELOW ABOUT 35 DEGREES. THIS WAS CONFINED MAINLY
TO THE HIGHER TERRAIN ACROSS CENTRAL NEW YORK. COLD NORTHWEST FLOW
WILL MAINTAIN AN UNSTABLE UPSLOPE ENVIRONMENT INTO WEDNESDAY. THE
TRENDS OFFER UP DRYING OF THE TOTAL ATMOSPHERE BY LATE WEDNESDAY...SO
SOME CHANCE FOR SHOWERS OR SPRINKLES EXISTS FOR THE FIRST HALF OF
THE DAY...BUT BY MID-LATE AFTERNOON HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN AT
THE SURFACE WITH LESS OPPORTUNITY FOR PRECIP. SFC-MID LEVEL
RIDGING IS FIRMLY IN CONTROL BY THURSDAY.

BECAUSE OF THE SIGNIFICANT AIRMASS CHANGE FROM TUES-WEDS...
TEMPERATURES WILL FALL WELL SHORT OF THE UPPER 50S NORMALITY ON
WEDS...BUT RECOVER NICELY ON THURSDAY WITH FULL SUNSHINE AND
GRADUAL WARM ADVECTION FROM THE SOUTHWEST BY DAYS END.

&&

.LONG TERM /THURSDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
330 AM UPDATE...
HIGH PRESSURE AND MILDER CONDITIONS RETURN ON THURSDAY...BUT THE
GENERALLY FLAT UPPER PATTERN ACROSS THE NORTHERN TIER STATES WILL
OPEN THE DOOR FOR ANOTHER FRONTAL SYSTEM TO USHER IN SHOWERS FOR
FRIDAY. THE 00Z ECMWF AND GFS MODELS THEN SUGGEST THE PATTERN IS
SHOWING HINTS AT SLOWING DOWN AND AMPLIFYING AS WE MOVE INTO THE
WEEKEND. THE MODEL SOLUTIONS DO DIFFER QUITE A BIT ON PLACEMENT
AND TIMING OF SETTING UP A CLOSED LOW OVER THE NORTHEASTERN THIRD
OF THE COUNTRY...BUT THE SIGNALS ARE THERE FOR A COOLER AND MORE
DREARY FEW DAYS WITH PASSING POSSIBLE SHOWERS AT TIMES RIGHT
THROUGH SUNDAY. CAN/T SAY WE ARE SETTING UP FOR A WASHOUT...BUT
THIS IS THE SEASON FOR CLOSED LOWS...AND THOSE INFAMOUS APRIL
SHOWERS.

&&

.AVIATION /08Z MONDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
06Z UPDATE...
VFR CONDITIONS WILL REMAIN THROUGH 06Z TUE. ONLY PATCHY HIGH THIN
CLOUDS WELL ABOVE 12 KFT AGL THROUGH 00Z TUE...THEN SOME
THICKENING OF THOSE HIGH CLOUDS 00Z-06Z TUE AHEAD OF INCOMING SYSTEM.
WINDS WILL BE LIGHT EAST-SOUTHEAST TO SOUTH DEPENDING ON TERMINAL THIS
MORNING...BECOMING SOUTHWEST LESS THAN 10 KTS DURING THE DAY...ONLY
TO REVERT BACK TO LIGHT EAST-SOUTHEAST TO SOUTH TONIGHT.

OUTLOOK...

TUE-WED...RESTRICTIONS AS SHOWERY FRONT PASSES TUE...THEN
SCATTERED SHOWERS-MVFR CIGS INTO WED ON BACK SIDE OF SYSTEM.

WED NGT-THU...VFR.

LATE THU NGT-FRI... RESTRICTIONS POSSIBLE IN RAIN SHOWERS.

&&

.FIRE WEATHER...
415 AM UPDATE...
AS WITH SUNDAY...IT WILL BE VERY DRY TODAY YET WINDS WILL REMAIN
LIGHT. A LIMITED INCREASE IN MOISTURE WILL BE WIPED OUT BY FURTHER
WARMING...SO IN THE END RELATIVE HUMIDITY WILL AGAIN BOTTOM OUT IN
MAINLY THE 20S PERCENT RANGE. SUSTAINED WINDS OUT OF THE SOUTHWEST
THIS AFTERNOON WILL BE UNDER 10 MPH...AND EVEN PEAK GUSTS WILL
ONLY BARELY ECLIPSE THAT AT TIMES. GIVEN THESE WEATHER
CONDITIONS...CONTINUED DRYING OF FUELS CAN BE EXPECTED TODAY.
HOWEVER...A GOOD WETTING RAIN IS INBOUND FOR TUESDAY COURTESY OF A
PASSING COLD FRONT...WHICH WILL PUT A HOLD ON FIRE WEATHER
CONCERNS.

&&

.BGM WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
PA...NONE.
NY...NONE.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...MDP
NEAR TERM...MDP
SHORT TERM...JAB
LONG TERM...JAB
AVIATION...MDP
FIRE WEATHER...MDP






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