Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Las Vegas, NV

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FXUS65 KVEF 280409 AAA

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Las Vegas NV
910 PM PDT WED JUL 27 2016

.SYNOPSIS...Very hot conditions are expected across the region
through the end of the week before increasing monsoonal moisture and
thunderstorm chances bring cooler temperatures to the area over the

.UPDATE...Kept in a slight chance of thunderstorms until 11 pm
this evening near Lake Havasu City and far SE San Bernardino County.
Otherwise, decreased POPs elsewhere as all of the earlier action has
dissipated. Setting up to be another warm overnight and Thursday
under strong ridge centered over southern Nevada. Records in
jeopardy of being tied or broken. Just enough moisture is trapped
underneath the ridge that with daytime heating can not rule out a few
thunderstorms primarily over Mohave County.

.AVIATION...For McCarran...Mostly diurnal winds with VFR conditions
expected the next 24 hours. Speeds should generally remain below 10
kts. However, outflow winds from nearby storms over the higher
terrain may create an hour or two of stronger gusts. Hot
temperatures will lead to high density altitudes through the end of
the week.

For the rest of southern Nevada...northwest Arizona...and southeast
California...Generally light, mostly diurnally-driven winds are
expected through the period. VFR conditions are expected through the
period, although isolated storms may occur in Mohave County, the
southern Sierra, and the southern Great Basin early this evening and
again tomorrow afternoon.

.SHORT TERM...through Friday night.

Increased thunderstorm coverage for the rest of the afternoon over
Mohave County and also into southern Nevada and northeast San
Bernardino counties to account for current trends.

High pressure over the Southwest through Friday will keep the heat
cranking across the area. An Excessive Heat Warning is in effect
for today and Thursday with temperatures, both highs and lows,
expected to be near record levels. At 110 PM in Las Vegas, it
officially hit 111 degrees making it the 7th day in-a-row of 110
degrees or greater. This morning`s low of 90 degrees, if it holds
through 1 AM Thursday, will be a record high minimum for the day.
Current satellite imagery shows cumulus buildups over the higher
terrain across the CWA. Radar returns and lightning data show
isolated thunderstorms thus far contained to Mohave County. Somewhat
better coverage over SE Mohave County this afternoon is likely tied
to an inverted wave rotating around the high and providing an
additional lifting mechanism. It could be a player through Thursday
as it is forecast to hug the southern CWA border as it moves
westward. The HRRR`s latest and greatest QPF forecast as of 20Z
shows shower and thunderstorm action quickly dying out after sunset.

Moisture holds in place across San Bernardino and Mohave counties on
Thursday with precipitable water values generally between 1 and 1.25
inches. Models forecast some seepage of higher PWAT values northward
into Inyo County and this may help initiate some storms over the
Sierra in the afternoon but overall thunderstorm coverage should be
isolated. High pressure is forecast to be centered right over
southern Nevada with warmer temperatures aloft likely capping
convection. Very hot conditions are forecast across the area and
records could be in jeopardy in some areas including Las Vegas.

Instability and moisture becomes more widespread on Friday and
overall thunderstorm coverage is expected to expand. However, for
the most part, it should be isolated with little organized
convection expected. Only slight changes in the overall strength of
the high pressure area and temps aloft on Friday. However,
temperatures are forecast to be a little cooler but should still top
out at 110 or higher in Vegas.

.LONG TERM...Saturday through Wednesday.
Forecast has become quite challenging for the long term...with
operational models showing subtle but important differences in the
large-scale pattern and little to no consistency with the smaller-
scale details. As such, several changes were made to the long term
forecast today, with the main highlights discussed below.

1. Models are trending slower with the upper ridge`s shift eastward
into the Four Corners region this weekend, owing in part to the
trend for a more positively-tilted/flatter trough affecting far
northwestern portions of the United States. As such, the trough will
have less effect on the nudge of the broad ridge eastward. Guidance
has trended upward with temperatures this weekend, especially
Saturday. Bumped temperatures up 2-5 degrees Saturday and Saturday
night...and if the warmer GFS-based guidance is correct...this may
not be enough.

2. There are quite significant differences in QPF between the
operational models this weekend, with the ECMWF quite a bit more
bullish for our area. These discrepancies seem to stem from the
depth of the aforementioned Pacific Northwest trough and its
corresponding ability to advect subtropical moisture northward into
the Desert Southwest as well as the timing of subtropical
perturbations/waves moving west on the equatorward side of the
ridge. The tropical waves are nearly impossible to forecast
accurately at this range (reference today`s convection in Mohave
County as an example) but will likely be key to pinpointing the
times with highest precipitation chances. However...the shortwave
troughs in the polar wavetrain are somewhat more predictable. Of
note is the more progressive nature of the ECMWF, which is somewhat
more out of sync with operational ensembles than the GFS. Thus, PoPs
are more reminiscent of GFS-based guidance today (and somewhat lower
than consensus). However, this is a low-confidence decision.

3. Models are trending toward drier southwesterly flow pushing into
the southern Sierra and adjacent western portions of the southern
Great Basin early next week. This trend has been occurring for a
while. Felt confident enough to reduce PoPs in these areas
considerably Monday-Wednesday.

4. Based on (3), was inclined to keep the highest PoPs mostly
confined to Mohave and Lincoln Counties (as well as the Spring
Mountains) early next week, trimming chances in Clark, Nye, and San
Bernardino Counties. Pattern suggests most monsoonal precipitation
will be east of the region, but this is strongly dependent on the
evolution of the longwave troughing in the northeast Pacific (with
GFS/ECMWF not in phase by this point). Forecast thinking is that the
ECMWF is too progressive in general, which may give our area a
somewhat more prolonged chance of daily precip chances. Hard to tell
at this point, though.

.FIRE WEATHER...Hot conditions will continue through the end of
the work week with relief from the extreme heat beginning over the
weekend. Minimum relative humidities will likely drop to around 10
percent for much of the low elevations/deserts across the region on
Thursday. Limited thunderstorm coverage is expected Thursday
primarily over Mohave county and the Sierra with expanding coverage
heading into the weekend. Winds will remain fairly light with some
afternoon breezes at times.

Spotters are encouraged to report any significant weather
conditions according to standard operating procedures.


Short Term/Fire Weather: Salmen
Long Term/Aviation: Shafer

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