Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wilmington, NC

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000
FXUS62 KILM 301529
AFDILM

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILMINGTON NC
1029 AM EST FRI JAN 30 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
DRY AND COLD HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD IN THROUGH SATURDAY. A
STORM SYSTEM WILL APPROACH SUNDAY...BRINGING WARMER TEMPERATURES
AND RAIN SUNDAY NIGHT AND MONDAY. HIGH PRESSURE AND A COOLING
TREND WILL PREVAIL EARLY NEXT WEEK. LOW PRESSURE FROM THE GULF
COAST MID WEEK WILL SPREAD RAIN INTO THE CAROLINAS WEDNESDAY
INTO THURSDAY OF NEXT WEEK.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
AS OF 1030 AM FRIDAY...CANADIAN HIGH PRESSURE WILL RIDGE ACROSS
THE FA...SETTLING ACROSS THE FA LATER TONIGHT. DRYING WILL OCCUR
AT ALL LEVELS AS DEPICTED BY VARIOUS MODEL TIME HEIGHT DISPLAYS
ACROSS THE FA. THE NW DOWNSLOPE TRAJECTORY OFF THE APPALACHIANS
WILL FURTHER SCOUR OR WRING OUT ANY LEFTOVER MOISTURE FROM MIDDAY
TODAY THRU TONIGHT. EXCELLENT CAA AFTER FROPA WHICH CONTINUES
WELL INTO THE NIGHT. 8H TEMPS DROP FROM +5 TO +9 DEGREES CELSIUS
EARLY THIS MORNING...TO -3 TO -8 DEGREES CELSIUS AT THE PEAK OF
THE CAA. OVERALL...THE NAM MOS GUIDANCE CONTINUES TO BE THE COLDER
ONE WHEN COMPARED TO GFS MOS, HOWEVER...GIVEN TEMP VERIFICATION
THE PAST SEVERAL DAYS...THE GFS MOS IS OUTPERFORMING THE NAM MOS.
THUS WILL LEAN TOWARD THE GFS...WITH ROUGHLY TODAYS MAX BETWEEN 50
AND 55...AND TONIGHTS LOWS IN THE 20S THROUGHOUT.

&&

.SHORT TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT/...
AS OF 330 AM FRIDAY...DEEP NW FLOW WILL LIGHTEN UP THROUGH
SATURDAY AS HIGH PRESSURE SHIFTS CLOSER OVERHEAD. AT THE UPPER
LEVELS WINDS WILL BACK AND HEIGHTS WILL RISE SLIGHTLY THROUGH THE
DAY WITH A ZONAL FLOW OR WEAK RIDGE DEVELOPING. AIR MASS WILL
REMAIN DRY FOR THE MOST PART WITH PLENTY OF SUNSHINE ON SATURDAY
BUT MAY SEE SOME CIRRUS STREAMING IN BY END OF DAY ASSOCIATED TO
NEXT APPROACHING SYSTEM OVER THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY. DOWNSLOPE
FLOW... HEIGHT RISES AND SUNSHINE SHOULD HELP TEMPS REBOUND AFTER
A COOL START TO CLOSE TO 50. PCP WATER VALUES DOWN LESS THAN A
QUARTER OF INCH SAT MORNING WILL REBOUND UP TO AROUND A HALF INCH
BY SAT NIGHT. SAT EVE SHOULD SEE A QUICK TEMP DROP OFF AS HIGH
CLOUDS WILL NOT BE TOO THICK YET TO PREVENT DECENT RADIATIONAL
COOLING WITH CALM WINDS AS HIGH PRESSURE REMAINS OVERHEAD. EXPECT
OVERNIGHT LOWS DOWN NEAR FREEZING MOST PLACES.

THE HIGH WILL SLIP OFF SHORE THROUGH SAT NIGHT WITH A WEAK RETURN
FLOW SETTING UP INTO SUNDAY MORNING. EXPECT A DEEP INCREASING SW
TO W RETURN FLOW THROUGH SUNDAY. WILL TAP INTO SOME GULF MOISTURE
BY SUN NIGHT INTO MONDAY. INITIALLY WILL JUST SEE THICKENING MID
TO UPPER LEVEL CLOUDS THROUGH SUN NIGHT. AS MOISTURE INCREASES
THROUGH THE COLUMN IN LLJ UP TO 45 TO 50 KTS SUN NIGHT EXPECT PCP
CHANCES TO INCREASE. WAA THROUGH THE DAY WILL KICK TEMPS UP TO
NEAR OR ABOVE NORMAL...55 TO AROUND 60. TEMPS WILL NOT DROP MUCH
SUN NIGHT WITH WAA AND INCREASING CLOUDS AND PCP.

&&

.LONG TERM /MONDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
AS OF 330 AM FRIDAY...LOCAL AREA IN WARM SECTOR IN DECENT SW
RETURN FLOW MONDAY MORNING AHEAD OF AN APPROACHING COLD FRONT.
AFTER A WARM START TEMPS WILL INCREASE SEVERAL MORE DEGREES MOST
PLACES BEFORE COOLER AND DRIER AIR MAKES ITS WAY IN BEHIND COLD
FRONT. LATEST MODEL RUNS SHOW FRONT MAKING IT OFF THE COAST AROUND
NOON TIME ON MONDAY. PCP WILL TAPER OFF LATEST AT THE COAST WITH
LINGERING CLOUDS THROUGH MUCH OF THE AFTERNOON UNTIL MID TO UPPER
TROUGH FINALLY SHIFTS OFF THE COAST BY MON EVENING. MAY SEE A FAIR
AMOUNT OF QPF IN SOME HEAVIER SHOWERS THROUGH THE MORNING. HIGH
TEMPS WILL COME EARLY IN THE DAY MOST PLACES BEFORE CLEARING AND
CAA THROUGH LATE MONDAY INTO TUES AS HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN.
TEMPS INLAND WILL HAVE LESS TIME TO WARM BEFORE COLD FRONT BLOWS
THROUGH AND THEREFORE TEMPS CLOSER TO THE COAST WILL BE THE
WARMEST WITH COOLER NW FLOW DEVELOPING FROM WEST TO EAST THROUGH
THE DAY.

HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD IN MON NIGHT MOVING SWIFTLY EAST REACHING
OVER THE MID ATLANTIC COAST BY TUES EVE. EXPECT A COOL AND MOSTLY
SUNNY DAY ON TUES. DEVELOPING LOW PRESSURE ALONG THE GULF COAST
TUES NIGHT MAY SPREAD ENOUGH MOISTURE NORTH WITH INCREASING
ISENTROPIC LIFT OVER THE CAROLINAS TO PRODUCE SOME PCP BY WED
MORNING. AS THE HIGH SLIPS OFF SHORE AND FARTHER EAST THROUGH
WED...IT WILL CONTINUE TO EXTEND BACK OVER THE CAROLINAS IN A MORE
TYPICAL WEDGE LIKE FASHION. AT THE SAME TIME THE LOW PRESSURE WILL
MOVE UP FROM THE GULF COAST RIDING UP ALONG THE SOUTHEAST COAST.
INITIALLY THE WARM AIR OVERRUNNING THE SHALLOW COLD AIR IN PLACE
MAY PRODUCE A NARROW WINDOW OF POSSIBLE FREEZING RAIN INLAND VERY EARLY
WED MORNING...BUT IT LOOKS LIKE THE PCP WILL NOT SPREAD FAR
ENOUGH NORTH INTO THE BELOW FREEZING TEMPS. ENOUGH WARM AIR WILL
MOVE IN THROUGH WED INTO WED NIGHT TO NOT CAUSE ANY MIXED PCP
CONCERNS OVER THE COASTAL CAROLINAS. TEMPS SHOULD RISE INTO THE
50S MOST PLACES ON WED AND INCREASING CLOUDS AND PCP WILL KEEP
TEMPS UP IN THE MID 30S TO AROUND 40 WED NIGHT. THE LOW WILL TRACK UP
THROUGH THE CAROLINAS APPROACHING THE HATTERAS COAST BY THURS
MORNING. AS THE LOW LIFTS OFF TO THE NORTHEAST A DEEP MID TO UPPER
TROUGH WILL PUSH A COLD FRONT THROUGH WITH PLENTY OF COLD AND DRY
AIR MOVING IN FOR LATE THURS INTO FRI.

&&

.AVIATION /16Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
AS OF 16Z...FRONT PUSHING TO THE COAST AS WE SPEAK. LIGHT TO
OCCASIONAL MODERATE PRECIP WILL OCCUR ALONG THE COAST FOR THE NEXT
HOUR OR TWO. POST FRONTAL...LOOK FOR CLEARING SKIES WITH NORTHWEST
WINDS INCREASING WITH THE COLD AIR ADVECTION. GUSTS TO 25 KTS ARE
POSSIBLE BY MID MORNING. EXPECT COLD AIR ADVECTION TO CONTINUE
THROUGH THE AFTERNOON HOURS...WITH A CONTINUED TIGHT GRADIENT.
WINDS WILL BECOME LESS GUSTY THIS EVENING...HOWEVER THEY SHOULD
STAY ABOVE 6-7 KTS MOST OF THE NIGHT WITH NO FOG EXPECTED.

EXTENDED OUTLOOK...VFR THROUGH SATURDAY. SHOWERS/MVFR LIKELY LATE
SUN THROUGH MON MORNING...THEN BECOMING VFR AGAIN THROUGH TUE.

&&

.MARINE...
NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
AS OF 1030 AM FRIDAY...STRONG CANADIAN HIGH PRESSURE AND
INTENSIFYING LOW CENTERED OFFSHORE FROM THE NE STATES...WILL
COMBINE TO PRODUCE A TIGHTENED SFC PG ACROSS THE LOCAL WATERS. IN
ADDITION...CAA SURGE WILL BE ONGOING. ALL OF THIS SPELLS A STRONG
SCA THROUGHOUT THIS PERIOD...WITH GUSTS APPROACHING 35 KT FOR THE
ILM NC WATERS. SIGNIFICANT SEAS WILL RANGE FROM 3 TO 6 FT TODAY
AND 2 TO 5 FT TONIGHT. WITH AN OFFSHORE WIND TRAJECTORY...A
LIMITED FETCH WILL KEEP SIGNIFICANT SEAS IN CHECK. SHORT PERIOD
WIND DRIVEN WAVES WILL DOMINATE THE SIG. SEAS.

SHORT TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT/...
AS OF 330 AM FRIDAY...HIGH PRESSURE WILL MOVE TOWARD THE WATERS
REACHING OVERHEAD BY SAT EVE. THIS WILL ALLOW PRESSURE GRADIENT
TO RELAX CONSIDERABLY THROUGH THE DAY. W TO NW FLOW WILL BECOME
LIGHT AND VARIABLE AND EVENTUALLY SHIFT AROUND OT THE SE TO S BY
SUNDAY MORNING AS HIGH SHIFTS FARTHER OFF SHORE. AS WINDS WEAKEN
TO LESS THAN 10 KTS THROUGH LATE SAT SEAS WILL DROP TO LESS THAN 3
FT . EXPECT AN INCREASING SOUTH TO SOUTHWESTERLY RETURN FLOW
DURING THE DAY SUNDAY AS GRADIENT BEGINS TO TIGHTEN WITH THE
APPROACH OF NEXT SYSTEM. WINDS WILL INCREASE UP TO 10 TO 20 KTS
THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT. THIS WILL PUSH SEAS UP TO 4 TO 6 FT REACHING
INTO SCA THRESHOLDS AFTER MIDNIGHT ON SUNDAY NIGHT.

LONG TERM /MONDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
AS OF 330 AM FRIDAY...TIGHTENED GRADIENT FLOW AHEAD OF COLD FRONT
MON MORNING WILL PRODUCING SW WINDS UP TO 20 KTS WILL KEEP SCA
CONDITIONS OVER THE WATERS WITH SEAS UP TO 5 TO 8 FT MON MORNING.
SHOULD SEE SCA CONDITIONS LASTING INTO MONDAY AS WINDS SHIFT
AROUND TO THE W-NW AS COLD FRONT MOVES THROUGH. BY MONDAY
AFTERNOON A QUICK SHIFT TO NORTHWEST WINDS WILL OCCUR AS A COLD
FRONT MOVES ACROSS. WITH SOME CAA...WINDS WILL REMAIN IN THE 15-20
KNOT RANGE. FOR TUESDAY HIGH PRESSURE WILL MOVE QUICKLY FROM THE
OHIO VALLEY TO OFFSHORE WITH THE WIND DIRECTION MAKING THE TYPICAL
PROGRESSION FROM NORTH TO NORTHEAST TO EAST/SOUTHEAST...REMAINING
10 KTS OR LESS. SEAS WILL SUBSIDE THROUGH THE DAY.

&&

.ILM WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
SC...NONE.
NC...NONE.
MARINE...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 6 AM EST SATURDAY FOR AMZ250-252-
     254-256.

&&

$$

NEAR TERM...DCH/8
SHORT TERM...RGZ
LONG TERM...RGZ/8
AVIATION...DL/8






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