Along-slope Wind SystemA closed, thermally driven diurnal mountain wind circulation whose lower branch blows up or down the sloping sidewalls of a valley or mountain. The upper branch blows in the opposite direction, thereby closing the circulation.Clear SlotWith respect to severe thunderstorms, a local region of clearing skies or reduced cloud cover, indicating an intrusion of drier
air; often seen as a bright area with higher cloud bases on the west or southwest side of a wall
cloud. A clear slot is believed to be a visual indication of a rear flank downdraft.Downslope FlowA thermally driven wind directed down a mountain slope and usually occurring at night; part of the along-slope wind system.Downstream SlopeIn hydrologic terms, the slope or face of the dam away from the reservoir water. This slope requires some kind of protection (e.g.; grass) from the
erosive effects of rain and surface flowDry SlotA zone of dry (and relatively cloud-free) air which wraps east- or northeastward into the southern and eastern parts of a synoptic scale or mesoscale low pressure system. A dry slot generally is seen best on satellite photographs.SLOSlowSLOSH(Sea, Lake and Overland Surges from Hurricanes) - A computer model run by the National Hurricane Center (NHC) to estimate storm surge heights resulting from historical, hypothetical, or predicted hurricanes by taking into account pressure, size, forward speed, track, and winds. Upslope FlowSame as Orographic Lifting; air that flows toward higher terrain, and hence is forced to rise. The added lift often results in widespread low cloudiness and stratiform precipitation if the air is stable, or an increased chance of thunderstorm development if the air is unstable.Upslope FogA fog that forms when moist, stable air is carried up a mountain slope.Upstream SlopeThe part of the dam which is in contact with the reservoir water. On earthen dams, this slope must be protected from the erosive
action of waves by rock riprap or concrete.
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