Heat LightningLightning that occurs at a distance such that thunder is no longer audible.In-Cloud Lightning(abbrev. IC) Lightning that takes place within the cloud.Lightning(abbrev. LTNG) A visible electrical discharge produced by a thunderstorm. The discharge may occur within or between clouds, between the cloud and air, between a cloud and the ground or between the ground and a cloud.Lightning ChannelThe irregular path through the air along which a lightning discharge occurs.
A typical discharge of flash between the ground and the cloud is actually a composite flash
which is composed of several sequential lightning strokes, each of which is initiated by a leader
and terminated by a return streamer.Lightning DischargeThe series of electrical processes by which charge is transferred along a
channel of high ion density between electrical charge centers of opposite sign. This can be
between a cloud and the Earth's surface of a cloud-to-ground discharge.Lightning StrokeAny of a series of repeated electrical discharges comprising a single lightning
discharge (strike). Specifically, in the case of a cloud-to-ground discharge, a leader plus its
subsequent return streamer. Positive Cloud to Ground LightningA CG flash that delivers positive charge to the ground, as opposed to the more common negative charge. Positive CGs have been found to occur more frequently in some severe thunderstorms. Their occurrence is detectable by most lightning detection networks, but visually it is not considered possible to distinguish between a positive CG and a negative CG. (Some claim to have observed a relationship between staccato lightning and positive CGs, but this relationship is as yet unproven.)Ribbon LightningAppears to be a broad stream of fire. A succession of strokes, each blown a bit to the side of the previous strokes by wind, but striking so fast that all the strokes are seen at once as a ribbon-like flash.Staccato LightningA Cloud to Ground (CG) lightning discharge which appears as a single very bright, short-duration stroke, often with considerable branching.
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