Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Binghamton, NY

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FXUS61 KBGM 251856

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Binghamton NY
256 PM EDT Mon May 25 2020

Pop up showers or storms will be possible through this evening
and again Wednesday afternoon, with otherwise dry and hot
weather. A cold front will bring better chances of scattered
thunderstorms Thursday into Friday.


230 PM Update...

Lingering shower activity across northeast PA is winding down, with
a brief dry period over the next couple of hours - however,
satellite is already showing some cumulus popping up over western NY
with a fairly unstable airmass as dewpoints are already in the mid
60s and temperatures in the mid 80s. While there is little by way of
a lifting mechanism apart from a light lake breeze (though how far
inland that can move is uncertain), additional isolated showers and
storms are possible across our westernmost zones, mainly the Finger
Lakes through the Thruway corridor, for the rest of the daytime

Quiet conditions return tonight as we lose daytime heating, but
temperatures sholdn`t fall back too much as we continue to see
fairly high dewpoints. Expect lows in the upper 50s and lower 60s
across most of the area, and in the low to mid 60s across the Finger
Lakes and Ontario lake plain. Lower level moisture and a shallow
inversion may also lead to some scattered low stratus, and even some
patchy fog into early Tuesday morning.

With the ridge in control for Tuesday, skies turn sunny -  though
clouds may be slower to mix out across northeast PA and portions of
the Southern Tier once again. Temperatures will reach the warmest
values so far this year, as highs rise a couple degrees warmer than
on Monday. Look for temperatures in the upper 70s and lower 80s
across the Catskills and Poconos, and in the low to mid 80s across
much of the rest of central NY and northeast PA. However, up into
the Ontario lake plain, temperatures could reach as high as the
upper 80s and lower 90s. With dewpoints still in the mid 60s, this
isn`t expected to lead to very oppressive heat indices, but we could
flirt with criteria in New York as heat indices will reach into the
lower 90s.

Otherwise, while we will very likely see dry weather given the lack
of forcing for convection, some diurnally-driven convection will not
be ruled out. Organized, strong storms are not expected.


The region will continue to be under the influence of the large
upper ridge centered just off the east coast. The latest
guidance shows a marine layer advecting inland from Mid-Atlantic
coast and then northward into the forecast area. This poses a
bit of a challenge for the high temperature forecast on
Wednesday as the marine layer could keep conditions a bit cooler
on Wednesday than Tuesday, especially in our southern zones if
a marine stratus deck were to develop/expand northward. Knocked
temperatures down 3-6 degrees from previous forecast across NEPA
and the Southern Tier of NY , where the influence of marine
layer is expected to be greatest. Highs range from the mid/upper
70s in NEPA, Catskills, and Southern Tier to the mid 80s in the
western Mohawk Valley.

Strong subsidence underneath the ridge will provide us with
mainly dry conditions. However, an isolated pop-up shower is
possible across the higher terrain of CNY during peak afternoon
heating, particularly in close proximity to a differential
heating boundary that could possibly develop along the northern
periphery of the marine stratus. PoPs were kept below the 20
percent threshold to mention showers in the forecast.

Modest height falls occur across the Mid Atlantic and Northeast
U.S. Thursday as a series of weak shortwave troughs (residual
MCS activity) track N-NE around the periphery of the downstream
ridge. Showers are likely with a few embedded thunderstorms
possible during the morning when the first disturbance passes
through (although timing is still subject to change). There may
be a lull in precip during the day with mid-level subsidence and
drying in wake of the first disturbance.

There is uncertainty concerning the extent of boundary-layer
destabilization as model RH cross-sections indicate the potential
for low clouds to persist through the day across most, if not
all of the area. This setup would inhibit deeper convection
from developing during peak heating but the arrival of the next
disturbance would still support additional scattered showers
during the afternoon and evening. Although not likely, if
sustained breaks in the clouds were to develop (greater
potential would be across our far western and northern zones of
CNY), some showers and storms could produce locally heavy
rainfall given the support of efficient warm-rain processes
(warm cloud depth of 14-16 kft, PWATs of 1.5-1.8", and a modest
steering flow). Trended slightly cooler than previous forecast
owing to the cloud cover, showers , and the residual marine
layer over parts of the area. Forecast highs range from the mid
70s to lower 80s.


250 PM Update...

The western periphery of the offshore ridge will continue to
break down late in the week along the eastern seaboard as an
upstream trough approaches from the west. Deep southwesterly
flow ahead the upper trough and attendant cold front will keep
our region under the influence of a warm (highs in the upper 70s
to mid 80s) and humid (dewpoints rising in the mid 60s to near
70F) airmass on Friday. An increase in showers and storms are
expected during the afternoon as the boundary layer quickly
destabilizes and large-scale ascent overspreads the region.
Convection in the early afternoon will initially focus along a
pre-frontal (latest guidance indicates this feature sharpening
across our far western and northern zones by 18Z) and to our
west along the cold front. This activity would progress
downstream across the forecast area later in the afternoon and
into the evening. As the previous shift noted, there is some
signal there for strong to severe storms Friday given the
favorable large-scale dynamics and strengthening wind field in
the mid levels (0-6 km bulk shear increase to 30-35 kt in NEPA
and to 40-45 kt in the Finger Lakes). The severe risk could be
characterized as a conditional threat on persistent breaks in
the morning clouds occurring beforehand (the extent of this is
still uncertain) - the higher instability (MLCAPE could to peak
in excess of 1500 J/kg) would fuel stronger convective updrafts.

Given the strong downstream blocking off the eastern seaboard, the
cold front will be slow to progress southeastward through the
forecast area Friday night and could conceivably get hung up in our
far southeastern zones (Poconos-Catskills) for the start of the
weekend. Accordingly, kept low chance PoPs in these zones through
Saturday. Otherwise, NW flow behind the front will advect much
cooler and drier air into the region this weekend.

330 AM Update

Upper level trough is firmly over the area Sunday into next
Monday...but a large Canadian surface high will also move over
the region. This should keep our weather mainly dry, partly
sunny and much cooler. Cannot rule out a stray instability
driven shower, especially heading into next Monday. Model
guidance is still struggling with the extent and magnitude of
the cooler air mass. There is decent agreement that 1000-500mb
thicknesses bottom out around 543dm to 546dm Monday morning.

For now, used a blend of the latest available guidance, which
gives highs in the mid-60s to lower 70s both days. Cool overnight
lows Saturday night and Sunday night down into the 40s.


We`re seeing a return to VFR this afternoon, with stray lower-
level clouds at around 3000 to 5000 ft but primarily scattered
high clouds across the area. However, into the late afternoon
and evening, some isolated thunderstorm activity cannot be ruled
out especially across KSYR, KITH, and KELM and even KRME.

Tonight will turn tricky once again with a shallow inversion
leading to an increase in cloud cover across most of the area.
Cloud heights start to drop back down, and with enough trapped
moisture, MVFR or fuel alternate ceilings could be seen across
most of our terminals - though this is looking less likely at
KSYR and KITH with generally downsloping flow. IFR would even be
possible at KBGM.

Clouds scatter out again after daybreak, though KBGM, KELM, and
KAVP may be a little slower once again to return to VFR. Winds
will be light, out of the southeast and likely only peaking at
around 5kts tonight through Tuesday.


Tuesday through Wednesday night...Mainly VFR.

Thursday through Friday...Chance of showers and thunderstorms
with associated restrictions, especially Friday as front passes.

Saturday...Showers and restrictions possible early, then
returning to VFR.




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