Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Denver/Boulder, CO

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FXUS65 KBOU 061132

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Denver/Boulder CO
532 AM MDT Tue Jun 6 2023

.SHORT TERM...(Today and tonight)
Issued at 246 AM MDT Tue Jun 6 2023

Upper level high over the Northern Plains will continue to block
the weather pattern across the CONUS. Very weak flow aloft will be
over Colorado. Forecast soundings show wind speeds from the
surface to 250mb less than 15 knots. The NAM soundings shows
nothing more than 10 knots. Fewer clouds should lead to slightly
warmer temperatures today with highs in the mid 70s across
northeast Colorado. Best instability will be along the Front Range
(east of the Continental Divide) and east to about DIA and
Greeley where MLCAPE reaches 1000 J/kg. A good amount of moisture
will remain in place to fuel showers and thunderstorms today.
Precipitable water values will be 110 to 140 percent of normal,
which is slightly lower than yesterday. Expect scattered to
numerous showers and thunderstorms to form over the higher terrain
by early afternoon. The activity will move slowly due to the weak
flow aloft. Showers and storms should slowly propagate eastward
along outflow boundaries, making it onto the Urban Corridor. The
highest PoPs will be along the Continental Divide and eastward
across the Front Range Mountains and Foothills. The eastern plains
are only expected to see scattered to isolated convection. As the
airmass stabilizes this evening the convection will come to an
end mid to late evening.

.LONG TERM...(Wednesday through Monday)
Issued at 246 AM MDT Tue Jun 6 2023

A cutoff trough over California will slowly drift eastward on
Wednesday while a ridge aloft will persist over the Northern
Plains. This will generate light southeasterly winds throughout
the majority of the troposphere. Precipitable water values will be
above normal with the plains being about 1 standard deviation
above normal while the mountains and mountain valleys will be near
2 standard deviations from the normal. Showers and storms will
form mainly over the higher terrain as upslope flow will be
primary lifting mechanism for storms to initiate. Since flow aloft
will be southeasterly, the storms that form over the higher
terrain will stay over the higher terrain and will not drift over
the plains as they usually do. This will limit shower and storm
activity over the northeast plains especially farther east towards
the Nebraska and Kansas borders. PoPs and QPF were lowered east
of I-25 as a result but not taken out since there will still be
isolated storms there. The primary concern will be the flash flood
threat over the burn areas which is discussed in the hydro
section below. Due to weak deep layer and limited instability,
storms that form should stay below severe limits but small hail
and gusty winds are still possible. Otherwise, highs will be
slightly below normal with light winds.

On Thursday, the aforementioned trough will move northeastward
towards the Great Basin and a ribbon of enhanced vorticity will be
over our forecast area. This enhanced area of vorticity may have
clouds associated with it that could limit instability but there
is low confidence in that. Scattered showers and storms will once
again develop with the higher terrain being favored for better
coverage. Flash flooding over the burn areas will be the primary
concern with small hail, gusty winds, and lightning also a

Weak ridging will build in over our forecast area on Friday. The
downward motion aloft may limit showers and storms which could
result in Friday having the least coverage of any day on the
extended. PoPs and QPF are the lowest of any of the days during
the extended. The same concerns will exist as the previous days
and storms should stay below severe limits due to limited deep
layer shear and instability.

This upcoming weekend may be quite wet like the previous one
although it may not be a complete washout. A trough moves
southward out of southern Canada and will provide lift along with
a cold front that moves through in the low levels. Precipitable
water values will maximize with values perhaps up to 3 standard
deviations above normal. The upslope flow along with good moisture
will lead to widespread coverage of showers and storms. This will
have the potential for flooding but details this far out are

Another trough comes out of California towards the Great Basin
next Monday and Tuesday. This will provide lift for scattered
showers and storms and could increase the chance for severe
weather due to better flow aloft leading to increased deep layer


.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Wednesday morning)
Issued at 532 AM MDT Tue Jun 6 2023

Satellite showing fog to the north of DEN, between FNL and GXY.
Decided to remove the VCFG with the fog currently well north of
DEN. Still can`t rule out fog at DEN, but the chances seem quite

There will be another round of afternoon showers and
thunderstorms, most numerous over the higher terrain west of
Denver. Went with VCTS for 23-02Z based on the CAMs. Flow aloft is
very weak, which will make it a challenge for storms to form far
from the higher terrain. However, a couple models show storms
forming along a outflow boundary over and east of Denver. This
will need to be watched and a tempo for TS may be needed.
Convection decreases and comes to an end by 03-05Z.


Issued at 246 AM MDT Tue Jun 6 2023

Another round of afternoon showers and thunderstorms are
expected, most numerous along and east of the Continental Divide
to the base of the foothills. Heavy rain will accompany the
thunderstorms. Precipitable water values will run 110 to 140
percent of normal, which is a little lower than yesterday. With
the better chance for storms east of the Continental Divide. the
Cameron Peak burn area will see an elevated risk for flash
flooding while the other burn areas west of the divide will see a
limited threat.

Flash flooding over the burn areas will be a concern each day
during the long term period. There may be a flooding risk for the
plains this upcoming weekend.

Well above normal precipitable water values will be in place on
Wednesday and a light southeasterly flow aloft may maximize the
risk of flash flooding over the East Troublesome burn area. Models
disagree on the risk over the Cameron Peak burn area with some
models keeping that area dry and others having strong storms. The
East Troublesome burn area will have an elevated threat while the
Cameron Peak will have a limited threat on Wednesday.

Storm activity should be lower on Thursday and Friday but the
threat for flooding still exists. A limited threat of flash
flooding will exist in the burn areas both days.

Much better precipitable water values will arrive during the
weekend along with upslope flow and a cold front. All of these
factors will lead to widespread coverage of showers and storms. An
elevated threat for flash flooding will exist over the burn
areas. The plains could see a flash flooding threat due to so much
moisture in the ground and expected heavy rainfall rates.




LONG TERM...Danielson
HYDROLOGY...Meier/Danielson is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.