Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Mobile, AL

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FXUS64 KMOB 311209
AFDMOB

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Mobile AL
709 AM CDT Tue Mar 31 2020

.AVIATION...
12Z issuance...Line of convection is beginning to enter the
northwest tier of zones moving rapidly east at 35 to 40 kts.
Additional convective development to occur this morning with
activity spreading east fairly rapidly. In addition to lower cigs
and impacts from strong to perhaps severe tsra, gusty southwest
to westerly winds away from storms will also bring impacts today
for approaches and departures. Wind shift with frontal passage
occurs mid to late afternoon. /10

&&

.PREV DISCUSSION... /issued 535 AM CDT Tue Mar 31 2020/

UPDATE...Considering the strengthening west to southwest flow
over the beaches and long period swell moving up into the surf
zone today, the marginal risk of rip currents has been upgraded
to a high risk. Zones will be updated to reflect these headlines.
/10

PREV DISCUSSION... /issued 403 AM CDT Tue Mar 31 2020/

NEAR TERM UPDATE /Now Through Wednesday/...A sharpening mid-level
storm system trough axis was advancing eastward over the Red River
Valley of TX/OK with a diffluent high level flow spreading over
the deep south. At the surface, quasi-stationary front was draped
from the southeast US to near the central Gulf coast merging into
a surface wave of frontal low pressure that has become better
defined over northern LA with approach of concentrated height
falls aloft. South and southwest of the low, warm sector was
characterized by excellent instability for the pre-dawn hours with
most unstable CAPE values ranging 800-1200 J/KG over southern LA
and the upper TX coast. Low pressure tracks east to the central
AL/MS state borders by around daybreak advancing quickly into
southern GA by early afternoon. As the low moves by to our north,
the coastal boundary will also quickly surge northward bringing
better moisture across our area as dewpoints climb into the mid to
upper 60s. With approach of better forcing, the high resolution
convection allowing models shows a band of showers and storms
likely to develop across southeastern Mississippi during the early
morning hours, translating quickly east to the I-65 corridor mid-
morning continue to race eastward and could conceivably be out of
the area by around noon. Given short range ensembles showing back
edge of precipitation a little slower moving out, will maintain
better PoPs over the far eastern zones through mid-afternoon
before scaling back by the close of the afternoon.

Given the fast eastward progression of the surface low, the
potential for strong to severe storms looks to be more focused
through this morning. Much of the area remains outlooked for a
slight risk. Damaging winds appear to be the primary threat, hail
up to quarter size and a tornado cannot be ruled out. There will
be ample shear with 0-1 KM effective bulk shear values of around
45 knots on average and models are hinting at around 400 to 800
J/KG of MLCape this morning. MLCape increasing to about 1000 J/KG
by mid to late morning over the southern zones. It is important to
note that the HRRR has been slightly quicker with each run but
also trending slowly upward with cape. The local environment would
be supportive of organized convection with potential bowing
segments and maybe a supercell or two. Storms that may tend to
remain more discrete could produce large hail. The tornado threat
appears minimal due to quickly veering surface winds. Hodographs
are mostly straight line, lacking overall low-level curvature,
except further north closer to the surface low and warm front
where surface winds will remain southerly for longer. A tornado
cannot be ruled out in this area but overall the threat appears
low.

With the close proximity of the surface low and daytime heating,
winds will be gusty out of the south to southwest. Some gusts up
to around 30 mph will be possible and a wind advisory remains in
effect through the day mostly along and south of a line from
Wiggins, MS to Andalusia AL.

The cold front clears our area paving the way for "cooler" and
drier weather tonight and Wednesday.

Daytime highs upper 70s to low 80s before cooling off behind the
front. Lows tonight much cooler in the mid to upper 40s except
lower 50s near the coast. More seasonable Wednesday with highs in
the upper 60s to lower 70s. /10/03

SHORT TERM /Wednesday night Through Thursday night/...The dry
northwest flow pattern aloft will persist as the upper level
trough moves eastward over the western Atlantic, and an upper
ridge builds overhead Wednesday night into Thursday. The ridge
will flatten slightly Thursday night as a weak shortwave impulse
moves into southern Mississippi. Northerly surface winds will
otherwise remain as surface high pressure builds across the
Mississippi Valley region. The surface ridge will continue to
advance eastward over the area Wednesday and Wednesday night,
before shifting along the Eastern Seaboard by Thursday night.
Mostly clear and dry conditions will prevail across our forecast
area through Thursday night. Overnight low temperatures Wednesday
night will be in the mid 40s to low 50s, with mid 50s at the
beaches. Highs on Thursday will be in the mid to upper 70s,
followed by lows Thursday might in the mid 50s to lower 60s. /22

EXTENDED TERM /Friday Through Monday/...Zonal mid level flow
generally continues across the forecast area Friday and Saturday.
Deep layer moisture remains fairly limited on Friday, but there
could be enough weak ascent for isolated showers, mainly across
western portions of the CWA. A shortwave impulse in the zonal flow
pattern may support a better chance of rain showers across the
region by Saturday. Embedded impulses in the flow aloft may
continue to move across the region Sunday into Monday on the
northern periphery of a ridge building across the Gulf of Mexico.
We will maintain a chance of showers and a few thunderstorms late
this weekend into early next week. Temperatures will likely be
above normal through the extended period. /21

MARINE...Main impacts to commercial and recreational boating
interests comes today and tonight. A moderate to strong southwest
to westerly flow and building seas to develop on today south of a
low pressure system that tracks quickly east over central AL.
Winds, waves and seas locally higher in and near storms Tuesday.
A moderate to strong offshore flow sets up tonight in the wake of
the frontal passage with seas continuing to build. Small craft
advisories remain in effect for southern Mobile Bay, adjacent MS
Sound waters and over the open Gulf waters Tuesday through Mid-
morning Wednesday morning. /10

&&

.MOB WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
AL...Wind Advisory until 7 PM CDT this evening for ALZ059-060-261>266.

     High Rip Current Risk until 6 PM CDT this evening for ALZ265-266.

FL...Wind Advisory until 7 PM CDT this evening for FLZ201>206.

     High Rip Current Risk until 6 PM CDT this evening for FLZ202-204-
     206.

MS...Wind Advisory until 7 PM CDT this evening for MSZ078-079.

GM...Small Craft Advisory until 10 AM CDT Wednesday for GMZ631-632-
     650-655-670-675.

     Small Craft Advisory until 8 PM CDT this evening for GMZ630-
     633>636.

&&

$$

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