Tropical Weather Discussion
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AXNT20 KNHC 271807

Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
1805 UTC Tue Oct 27 2020

Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
Equator to 32N. The following information is based on satellite
imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.

Based on 1200 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through
1700 UTC.


Tropical Storm Zeta has emerged into the southern Gulf of Mexico
from the Yucatan Peninsula near 22.1N 90.1W at 27/1800 UTC or
420 nm S of the Mouth of the Mississippi River. Zeta is moving
NW at 12 kt. Estimated minimum central pressure is 985 mb.
Maximum sustained wind speed is 55 kt with gusts to 65 kt.
Scattered moderate to strong convection is within 300 nm of the
center in the NE quadrant and 360 nm SE quadrant. Scattered
moderate and isolated strong convection is within 270 nm of the
center in the SW quadrant and 210 nm NW quadrant. An additional
band of scattered moderate to strong convection extends S along
the east coast of Nicaragua and NE Honduras. On the forecast
track, the center of Zeta will move over the southern Gulf of
Mexico today while restrengthening to a hurricane. Zeta will
move northward over the central Gulf of Mexico tonight, then
accelerate and make landfall along the northern Gulf coast late
Wednesday or Wednesday night. Zeta will weaken rapidly as it
moves inland across the SE United States early Thursday. Please
read the latest High Seas Forecast issued by NHC at website for marine
impacts. See the latest NHC Forecast/Advisory and Public
Advisory on Zeta at for more details.


A tropical wave extends along 51/52W from 05N-17N, moving W at
15-20 kt. Scattered moderate convection is seen within 60 nm W of
the wave axis and within 240 nm E of the wave axis north of 08N.
Strong winds are occurring behind the wave axis north of 11N. The
tropical wave will spread enhanced rainfall and gusty winds
across the Lesser Antilles late Wed through Thu.

A Caribbean Sea tropical wave extends along 66/67W from 20N over
Puerto Rico to the N coast of Venezuela, moving W at 15 kt.
Scattered moderate convection is occurring within 60 nm W and 120
nm E of the wave axis, mainly north of 15N, including over the
waters near Puerto Rico. Scattered showers and isolated tstorms
extending from Montserrat to Anguilla, including near St. Kitts
and Nevis, are being produced by an upper-level trough that is
nearly stationary over the area. The wave will slow down this
afternoon over the Mona Passage then reach the Dominican Republic
tonight. The wave will increase the likelihood of showers and
tstorms across the Greater Antilles.


The monsoon trough axis extends from the coast of Sierra Leone
near 07N12W to 05N19W. The ITCZ continues from 05N19W to 04N38W
to 08N49W. Aside from the convection mentioned in the tropical
waves section, scattered moderate convection is from 02N-10N
between 08W-17W and from 06N-11N between 39W-47W.


Tropical Storm Zeta is currently affecting the south-central Gulf
of Mexico, south of 26.5N between 84W-94W. Zeta was producing
seas to 20 ft this morning near the center. Expect seas of 20 to
30 ft tonight over the central Gulf of Mexico along with winds of
50 to 75 knots as Zeta restrengthens into a hurricane. Similar
conditions are expected over the north-central Gulf of Mexico on
Wednesday as Zeta approaches the coast of SE Louisiana. Hurricane
conditions and life-threatening storm surge are expected along
portions of the northern Gulf Coast by late Wed, and Storm Surge
and Hurricane Warnings are in effect. Residents in the warning
areas should follow any advice given by local officials. Please
see the special features section above for more details on Zeta.

As of 27/1500 UTC, a cold front extends from Galveston Texas to
26N97W to NE Mexico near 24N98W and inland across northern
Mexico. The latest ASCAT pass shows moderate wind speeds prevail
over the SW Gulf south of 25N and west of 94W. The front will
become stationary through tonight. Another cold front will move
into the NW Gulf Wed and stretch from Florida to the Yucatan
Peninsula by late Thu. It will reach to near western Cuba Fri
night. Fresh to locally strong northerly winds will follow behind
the front through Fri night.


Tropical Storm Zeta is centered over the south-central Gulf of
Mexico. A large band of scattered strong convection still
persists from the Yucatan Channel to NE Nicaragua, or inside a
box from 22N88W to 12N85W to 13N82W to 23N83W to 22N88W. Heavy
rainfall could lead to flash flooding in urban areas today in
the Yucatan Peninsula and western Cuba. These squalls will
gradually lift northward to over the eastern and central Gulf
of Mexico through Wed. SE winds of 20 to 30 kt are occurring
north of 20N and west of 83.5W, including over the Yucatan
Channel, according to the a recent ASCAT pass. Seas are still
8 to 12 ft in the Yucatan Channel. Expect winds and seas to
gradually diminish through early Wed over the NW Caribbean and
Yucatan Channel as Zeta pulls farther away from the Caribbean
basin. See the special features section above for more details
on Zeta.

Away from the direct influence of Zeta, fresh trade winds are
noted across much of the remainder of the basin per a recent
ASCAT pass, with the exception of mainly light to gentle winds
over the far SW Caribbean offshore of Panama and Costa Rica.

An upper-level trough axis extends from the central Atlantic
near 30N54W to 20N59W to 09N69W over northern Venezuela. The
upper trough is enhancing scattered showers across portions of
the Lesser Antilles.

The tropical wave near 67W will move across the central
Caribbean Thu and the western Caribbean Fri. See the tropical
waves section above for more details.


The Atlantic forecast waters are under the influence of a 1029 mb
high pressure centered southwest of the Azores near 32N36W. The
weak surface trough from 30N73W to 25N75W is no longer producing
any showers or tstorms. An upper-level trough axis extends from
the central Atlantic near 30N54W to 20N59W to 09N69W. Scattered
moderate convection is from 17N-23N between 52W-59W. Fresh to
strong easterly winds prevail across the Atlantic from 10N-27N
between 30W-55W. Fresh to strong NE winds are from 17N-27N
between 30W and the coast of Africa.

Moderate to fresh SE winds will persist south of 26N and west
of 70W through Thu. A cold front will move over the waters to
the east of northern Florida on Fri, with some strong SW winds
ahead of it. The front will reach from near 29N65W to the
central Bahamas by late Sat. Fresh to strong northeast to east
winds will follow this front, mainly north of about 28N,
through the weekend. A combination of northerly and easterly
swell generated from a tropical wave Wed will maintain relatively
high seas north and east of Puerto Rico and the Leeward Islands
into Thu.


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