Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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FXUS61 KBOX 230232

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Boston/Norton MA
1032 PM EDT Thu Oct 22 2020

Weak high provides cooler weather tonight and Friday, however still
above normal for late October. Dry weather prevails Friday but
patchy fog and drizzle may impact the region tonight. Mild weather
continues Saturday ahead of an approaching cold front, which will
cross the region later Saturday followed by much cooler weather for
Sunday. An unsettled weather pattern develops early next week as a
series of fronts move across the region. This will bring the chance
of showers at times Monday into Wednesday with perhaps the greatest
risk for a period of steady rain late Tuesday night into


1025 PM Update:

ESE return flow has allowed for stratus to continue to expand
in areal coverage across much of Southern New England late this
evening. Areas of fog, locally dense at times, has to this
point been mainly confined to coastal eastern MA and Cape Cod.
Main forecast challenge tonight will be how extensive the fog
will be into the overnight. Visby guidance seems to offer
expanding fog coverage into the interior for the overnight hrs,
but light enough winds may minimize this to an extent. Will
monitor trends across western/central MA into northern CT and
northern/central RI overnight for possible SPS but not imminent
as yet. Fog and stratus by the pre-dawn/early- AM hrs should
start to lift/scatter out across eastern MA. Coolest lows will
be across eastern MA in the mid 50s, with upper 50s to near 60F
across interior western MA/CT.

Previous discussion:

* Areas of locally dense fog to develop overnight. The areal
  extent will be monitored closely.

Previous forecast remains largely on track. Did bring up the dew
points by a couple of degrees based on obs. Parts of Eastern MA
and Southern RI are experiencing locally dense fog, with vsby
down to one-half mile at times so have gone ahead and put out a
Special Weather Statement for locally dense fog. A quiet night
of weather except for development of locally dense fog. There
are some questions how widespread the dense fog will be. With
light winds and dew points of low 60s being advected northwards,
dew point depressions are expected to fall to near zero and
that would argue for development of widespread dense fog. Also,
the fog bank over Eastern MA is expected to advect westward,
albeit subject to upslope effect. Somewhat drier air (dew pt in
the mid 50s will also advect westward overnight thanks to a back
door cold front, so areas of dense fog development may
ultimately be limited to Worcester point west. Later shifts will
continue to monitor the fog situation but if out and about
tonight, be sure to slow down if encountering areas of locally
dense fog.


415 PM Update...

Most of the region is enjoying beautiful late Oct weather at 4 pm
with temps in the 70s and at least partial sunshine. However across
coastal eastern MA, northeast flow associated with a backdoor cold
front has advected a fog bank into this region. For example, at
Logan airport, temp is down to 58 degs in 1/2 mile dense fog! This
fog bank will continue advancing westward but the leading edge will
likely erode as it traverses the warm land. However with sunset as
the boundary layer cools, expecting this low level moisture to
eventually overspread the entire region from east to west. The more
difficult question is the duration, as dry air aloft is descending
to the surface behind this fog bank over the Gulf of Maine. So
overnight and especially toward Fri morning, clearing will occur
from east to west. Until then, much of the model guidance suggesting
spotty light rain/drizzle for a time overnight as this low level
moisture moves across the area. This seems reasonable especially
across the upslope regions of the Worcester Hills and the Berks.

Given the NE flow cooler tonight than last night, but still above
normal for late Oct with lows only in the 50s. Avg low is in the


415 pm update...


Low clouds, spotty light rain/drizzle possible especially across CT
into western-central MA trapped beneath subsidence inversion.
Although low clouds will slowly lift along with clearing approaching
from the east in response to drier air eastward well behind backdoor
front. Thus expecting at least partial afternoon sunshine with more
clouds inland. Not as warm as today given change in airmass with
1030 mb high over the maritimes. Highs in the 60s, more seasonable
for this time of year. It will be pleasant given light winds

Friday night...

Ridge of high pressure holds on so quiet weather prevails. Low
clouds may redevelop but with high pressure weakening, subsidence
inversion likely also weakens, thus less of a trapping mechanism for
low level moisture. Mostly clear conditions, at least initially
combined with light winds and relatively dry airmass will promote
temps to fall into the upper 40s and low 50s.


415 pm update...


* Mostly dry and quite mild on Saturday

* Dry and becoming much cooler Saturday night & Sunday

* Unsettled weather possible at times Mon through Thu with the
  greatest potential for a period of steady rain late Tue into Wed



The weekend starts out mild before becoming quite cool for the
second half. This unseasonable warmth comes courtesy of SW flow
lingering behind a warm front overnight. Ahead of the cold front 850
mb temps rebound briefly to 13C+ so, with decent sunshine after some
morning clouds, we should see highs approaching 70 degrees.
Dewpoints will be higher too (upper 50s), at least relative to
what`s coming behind the front (dew points in the 20s and 30s). The
cold front swings through during the afternoon and early evening
hours. Not expecting much in the way of showers from it given the
lack of deep moisture and dynamics.

Saturday night and Sunday...

The main sensible change during this period will be the much cooler
and drier airmass behind the front, and the breezy post frontal
winds overnight. Much lower dewpoints overnight together with post
frontal cold air advection will allow for lows in the low 40s toward
the coast, approaching freezing the the far NW interior. High
pressure builds in at the surface, expanding SE from Canada. The
placement of the high will also keep flow onshore (from the NE)
during the day on Sunday. Highs won`t make it out of the low 50s, 5
to 10 degrees below normal for late October. In addition to the
cooler airmass, winds will be breezy as a weak N/NW low level jet is
mixed down. These winds will pick up as early as late Saturday
afternoon when the front passes, lasting through the night. The
strongest wind gusts though, 30 to 35 mph, will be over the
outer waters.

Monday through Thursday...

By Monday a warm front lifts north associated with a wave of low
pressure passing northwest of New England. This brings the threat of
rain back into the forecast as well as rebounding temperatures,
potentially back into the mid 60s along the south coast. Still
thinking that the cold front dips through Monday night into Tuesday
bringing a marginal cool down before a more substantial frontal
system with heavier rain passes in our vicinity around Tuesday night
into at least mid week. Plenty of uncertainty with regard to timing
and details but overall next week looks more unsettled and cooler.


Forecaster Confidence Levels...

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

00z TAF Update:

Main concern is IFR cigs coming onshore to Cape Ann and outer
Cape Cod this afternoon in response to NE flow. Timing is
difficult. Warm land and sunshine will delay and may erode
leading edge of low clouds, but as sunset approaches and temps
begin to fall these low clouds will come racing onshore. So IFR
cigs and MVFR vsbys expected to impact eastern MA after 19z and
especially after 21z from NE to SW. Elsewhere, VFR cigs BKN040
at times along with light and variable winds.

Tonight...high confidence on trends but lower on exact timing.

IFR cigs and MVFR vsbys over eastern MA at 00z will spread
westward into RI, CT and western-central MA. Mainly dry weather
but can`t rule out spotty drizzle. Light east wind.

Friday...High confidence on trends but uncertainty on exact

MVFR-IFR in morning low clouds will lift to VFR during the
afternoon. Other than spotty light drizzle in the morning, dry
weather prevails. Light ESE winds.

Friday night...low confidence.

VFR likely at 00z but MVFR-IFR possibly moving back onshore.
Light south winds. Low prob of spotty light drizzle, otherwise
mainly dry.

KBOS Terminal...IFR cigs and MVFR vsbys in low clouds coming
onshore about 19z-1930z. Uncertain on duration but will impact
late day push.

KBDL Terminal...High confidence in TAF.

Outlook /Saturday through Tuesday/...

Saturday: Mainly VFR, with local IFR possible. Breezy.

Saturday Night: VFR. Windy with local gusts up to 30 kt.

Sunday: VFR. Breezy.

Sunday Night: VFR. Breezy. Chance FZRA, slight chance SHRA.

Monday: Mainly VFR, with local IFR possible. Breezy. Chance

Monday Night through Tuesday: Mainly VFR, with areas IFR
possible. Breezy. Chance SHRA.


415 pm update...

Tonight...east winds 10-15 kt but the bigger story is fog bank
impacting eastern MA waters this evening, with fog bank south of
Block Island coming onshore later this evening. Thus areas of dense
fog and light rain/drizzle overnight. SE swells from Hurricane
Epsilon will increase to 3-6ft.

Friday...any leftover fog/drizzle improves by midday or earlier. SE
swells increase 4-7 ft. Otherwise high pressure over the Maritimes
provides light winds.

Friday night...ridge of high pressure remains overhead but weakens.
Thus light winds. Low clouds and fog may redevelop but confidence is
low. SE swells from Hurricane Epsilon continue 4-7 ft.

Outlook /Saturday through Tuesday/...

Saturday: Winds less than 25 kt. Rough seas up to 9 ft. Local
visibility 1 to 3 nm.

Saturday Night: Moderate risk for Small Craft Advisory winds
with local gusts up to 30 kt. Rough seas up to 9 ft.

Sunday: Winds less than 25 kt. Areas of rough seas.

Sunday Night: Winds less than 25 kt. Seas up to 5 ft.

Monday: Winds less than 25 kt. Seas up to 5 ft. Slight chance
of rain showers.

Monday Night: Low risk for Small Craft Advisory winds with
gusts up to 20 kt. Seas up to 5 ft. Chance of rain showers.

Tuesday: Winds less than 25 kt. Seas up to 5 ft. Chance of rain


MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 8 PM EDT Saturday for ANZ250-


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