Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Blacksburg, VA

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000
FXUS61 KRNK 232000
AFDRNK

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Blacksburg VA
400 PM EDT Mon Oct 23 2017

.SYNOPSIS...
An intense strong cold front will move through the region this
evening and will move off the East Coast by Tuesday morning. A
similar scenario will play out next weekend with a warming trend
Thursday and Friday, followed by a cold frontal passage
Saturday and Sunday.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TUESDAY/...
As of 400 PM EDT Monday...

A strong autumn storm system is in the process of becoming
better organized as two separate low pressure systems, one over
the Ohio Valley and the other over the southern Appalachians
consolidate over the next 24 hours. Vigorous short wave trough
over the southern Appalachians is phasing with an approaching
upper level trough from the midwest, the culmination of the two
systems resulting in an intense surface front which is sweeping
east across the Southeast and Mid-Atlantic states. The airmass
ahead of this front is very moist with dewpoints in the 60s to
lower 70s and PWATs of 1.50 to 1.80. Combination of rich low
level moisture and highly sheared environment (0-1km SRH of
250-500 m2/s2) is supportive of shallow but intense low level
convective bands with embedded supercells.

Models indicate the surface front will rapidly move east through
the forecast area this evening, clearing the forecast area by
midnight. Threats until the frontal passage include heavy rain
and severe thunderstorms. Main thunderstorm and tornadic threat
will be east of the Blue Ridge with the heaviest rain threat
along the Blue Ridge where strong upslope southeast wind component
just ahead of the front will result high rain rates.

The rain will come to an end with the passage of the front
tonight. Except for lingering showers in the mountains, most
areas will experience partial clearing after midnight with the
formation of patchy fog.

The cold front will move off the coast on Tuesday, the upper
trough still positioned to our west. The center of this upper
trough will be situated over the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley
Region with the trough axis extending south along the
Mississippi River Valley. During the course of the day, these
features will make slow progression eastward, still poised west
of the forecast area through sunset. The bulk of the energy
associated with the low is progged to remain north and west of
our forecast area. As such, any shower activity will be mainly
confined to our west, but may still spread across our mountains
counties.

&&

.SHORT TERM /TUESDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT/...
As of 330 PM EDT Monday...

Upper pattern will continue to favor a deep trof over the eastern part
of the country with below normal temperatures setting in. This will
bring generally quiet weather east of the Blue Ridge through midweek.
However, as the trof digs significant short wave energy will combine
with blustery upslope flow and some moisture in the boundary layer to
produce clouds and possibly a few sprinkles west of the Ridge. A wet
snowflake or two may also be spotted at the higher elevations. The trof
axis pushes through Wednesday night allowing for some upper ridging as
surface high pressure noses in form the southwest with drier conditions
and fair weather for the Appalachians and central mid Atlantic region
for Thursday.

The growing season will end October 25 west of the Blue Ridge, but to
the east this cold airmass will allow patchy frost to threaten plants
both Wednesday night and Thursday night. Expect lows generally in the
low to mid 30s west of the Ridge through the period, with middle/upper
30s to the east. Highs will be in the low/mid 60s east through midweek,
with some moderation to the west as readings go from the upper 40s to
lower 50s on Wednesday to the middle/upper 50s on Thursday.

&&

.LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
As of 330 PM EDT Monday...

The upper trof will reestablish itself as vigorous short wave energy
dives southward into the Ohio valley this weekend. So after a brief
moderation in temperatures back to near normal levels, another cold
front will move slowly across the region on Saturday followed by a
return to below normal temperatures for Sunday and into the first part
of next week. A good chance of showers will accompany the front as it
passes Saturday/Saturday night, followed by some upslope showers west
of the Blue Ridge driven by blustery northwest flow and vigorous short
wave energy aloft. Temperatures Sunday night will be cold enough to
support some flurries especially at the higher elevations. High
pressure builds on Monday with fair but chilly conditions expected.

&&

.AVIATION /19Z MONDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
As of 200 PM EDT Monday...

A strong cold front to the west is pushing toward the region.
Conditions ahead of the front are mostly MVFR to IFR in low
ceilings and reduced visibility in rain. A low level jet set up
ahead of the front will create wind shear conditions this
afternoon into evening. The threat does exist for thunder in
this highly sheared environment to occur ahead of the front as
well despite low instability. After the front passes, VFR
conditions should return to the TAF locations. The front will
arrive at the western border of the county warning area around
19-20Z and will exit through the east by 05-06Z.

Extended Aviation Discussion...

The region will be in the dry slot late Monday night and Tuesday
with conditions east of the Blue Ridge improving back to VFR. In
the mountains little to no improvement in expected. Much colder
air comes in for Tuesday and Wednesday. Scattered showers with
possible MVFR ceilings and visibilities are expected on
Wednesday across the region. Upper troughing remains over the
eastern United States keeping temperatures cool but with VFR
flying weather.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
A general 1 to 2 inches of rain is expected with the passage of
this storm system. Main focus for excessive rainfall is along
along the Blue Ridge southwest of Roanoke, VA and into the
North Carolina Mountains where upwards of 5 inches is possible.
The excessive rainfall will likely result in flooding of small
streams and creeks in addition to a respectable rise on the
upper New River.

&&

.RNK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
VA...Flash Flood Watch until 8 PM EDT this evening for VAZ015-016.
NC...Flash Flood Watch until 8 PM EDT this evening for NCZ001-002-
     018.
WV...None.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...PM
NEAR TERM...PM
SHORT TERM...MBS
LONG TERM...MBS
AVIATION...JR/PM
HYDROLOGY...JR/PM



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