Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Springfield, MO
FXUS63 KSGF 051743
AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SPRINGFIELD MO
1143 AM CST Thu Dec 5 2013
...Update for Aviation...
Issued at 947 AM CST THU DEC 5 2013
Precipitation is quickly expanding across south central Missouri
this morning as a strong upper level jet increases in strength
across the Central Plains. In the low levels, the 12Z SGF upper air
sounding sampled a strong warm layer centered at 775 MB, where
temperatures were measured at 6C. From 850 MB to the surface, a
deep, very cold layer of air was in place.
That deep layer of cold air in the low levels has and will continue to
rapidly expand south through the remainder of the CWA by later this
afternoon (if not earlier). Without any significant warm air
advection occurring, expect to see the warm layer aloft also erode
rather quickly from north to south. Light snow observed at the WFO
within the last 30 minutes suggests that the warm nose has already
eroded for areas along and north of I-44.
As a result, the window of opportunity for freezing rain will likely
come to an end fairly quickly today, as the low level cold air
quickly becomes deep enough for refreezing of melted hydrometeors,
resulting in sleet. With time, precipitation will then mix with and
change over to snow as the warm layer aloft cools to below
Far south central Missouri will have the relative best chance at
freezing rain into the early afternoon hours, but even there, have
trimmed back ice amounts to below a tenth of an inch. Have
increased snow accumulations by a bit (half to one inch in general)
across far southern and south central Missouri as well, given the
anticipation of a shorter duration of freezing rain and sleet.
Further north, along the I-44 corridor, the forecast remains tricky
as far as snow accumulations are concerned. North winds continue to
advect in dry air at the surface (9F dewpoint depression at SGF as
of 9 AM), which will likely limit snowfall the further north that
one goes. In addition, that dry air will also result in a very
sharp gradient in snowfall; the challenge is determining exactly
where that cutoff will be.
Right now, latest indications are that the gradient will be right
along I-44 in many spots. In fact, the latest storm total snowfall
forecast has a difference of about 3 inches from southeast to
northwest across Greene County. Of note, it still appears that for
areas north of U.S. 60, the majority of expected snowfall will
arrive tonight with the next wave of precipitation.
.SHORT TERM...(Today through Friday)
Issued at 249 AM CST THU DEC 5 2013
Measurable precipitation will likely begin to develop towards the
late morning into the early afternoon over the southwest corner of
Missouri and should rapidly develop north and east throughout the
afternoon. It appears that a mix of wintry precipitation with
sleet/freezing rain and snow will be possible at the onset of
precipitation mainly south and east of a Rolla to Branson line
with snow north and west of this line. The changeover from mixed
precipitation to snow will gradually shift to the southeast during
the afternoon/evening as the warm nose of air aloft gradually weakens.
The heaviest precipitation will occur along and south of the
interstate 44 corridor with a sharp cutoff to the precipitation
over our northwest CWA. Up to a quarter inch of ice will be
possible south and east of a Gainesville to Eminence line, which
will occur prior to the changeover to all snow during the day and
Further northwest, periods of moderate to heavy snow will be
possible during the afternoon and early evening before gradually
tapering off by the late evening. A second wave of energy will
then begin to push into the area overnight into Friday which will
bring all snow to the area. Again the predominant location for the
precipitation will be south and east of the Interstate 44 corridor
with the second wave of precipitation.
We have increased the amount of snow forecast over southern
Missouri into the 4 to 8 inch range and will likely extend the
winter storm warning northward by a row of counties with this
forecast package. The heaviest snowfall is expected in a band from
Cassville to Ozark to Hartville. The snowfall will end from west
to east during the day Friday. Temperatures today will range from
the mid 20s to mid 30s with lows tonight from around 15 to 25 and
highs on Friday struggling to get out of the mid 20s.
.LONG TERM...(Friday Night through Wednesday)
Issued at 249 AM CST THU DEC 5 2013
The bitterly cold will then move into the area Friday night with
lows dipping into the single digits most locations and wind chill
values below zero.
Another upper level wave will bring a chance of snow to the area
on Saturday night into Sunday which may bring another 1 to 3
inches of snow to the forecast area.
The unseasonably cold air is expected to linger into the middle of
next week with highs typically in the 20s and lows in the single
digits to teens. Little or no additional precipitation is expected
after the Sunday system pushes east.
.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Friday Afternoon)
Issued at 1137 AM CST THU DEC 5 2013
A messy next 24 hours for aviation across the region. Ongoing
winter storm will impact the terminals through mid day
tomorrow, especially Branson. A mix of sleet and snow, along with
occasional freezing rain, will give way to snow later this
afternoon/tonight. As mentioned, the heaviest activity will be at
Branson, though Joplin and Springfield should see some snow during
later this afternoon, with better chances after midnight tonight.
IFR vis can be expected within areas of snow, with dips down to
LIFR if bands of heavier snow impact the terminals.
MO...WINTER STORM WARNING until 6 PM CST Friday FOR MOZ082-083-
WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY until 6 PM CST Friday FOR MOZ055>058-
KS...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY until 6 PM CST Friday FOR KSZ073-097-101.