Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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FXUS63 KMQT 222001

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Marquette MI
401 PM EDT Sun Oct 22 2017

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Monday)
Issued at 342 PM EDT SUN OCT 22 2017

Water vapor imagery and RAP analysis show a shortwave trough moving
east across the central CONUS.  Associated cold front extending
south from sfc low over northern Manitoba has also moved east across
Upper Mi today providing a focus for numerous showers this afternoon
into central and eastern portions of the cwa. Showers will continue
to diminish or end over the west half later this afternoon and
should be out of the eastern fcst area by midnight tonight.
Considerable high cloudiness will linger after the pcpn ends, but
skies should generally clear from w, late this afternoon into
evening beginning in the w. The next shortwave trough will dig into
the Northern Plains tonight. Narrow zone of waa/isentropic ascent
ahead of the this feature may generate some showers that could reach
western Upper MI by 12z Mon, but given the antecedent dry air mass
pcpn chances appear minimal. Will continue to carry dry fcst during
the overnight. Expect cooler min temps with lows ranging from the
mid 30s over the typical interior cool spots west and central to the
lower to mid 40s far west due to increasing clouds later tonight
ahead of approaching Plains trough and for well-mixed locations
along Lake Superior in downsloping sw flow.

On Monday, the Northern Plains trough will begin to push east into
the Western Great Lakes region. Weak q-vector convergence and mid-
level moistening ahead of this feature combined with steepening
lapse rates from sfc to 700 mb should generate isolated to scattered
showers into Upper Mi especially into the afternoon hours with the
best chance of rain over the west half.  Expected highs Monday in
the mid to upper 50s will still be above normal but a bit more
typical of mid to late October readings.

.LONG TERM...(Monday night through Sunday)
Issued at 401 PM EDT SUN OCT 22 2017

Focus continues to be on the potential for a very strong fall storm
system with strong winds, large waves on Lake Superior, and possibly
heavy rain late Monday night into Tuesday night.

Significant forecast model spread continues with phasing of a
central Canadian trough and Gulf Coast trough. The CMC and ECMWF
continue to produce a much stronger surface low than the GFS, though
multiple members of the GEFS are more in line with the stronger

At this time, significant spread in model solutions supports
continuing with a slightly conservative forecast when compared to
the stronger CMC solution. However, did trend closer to the
strongest solution given CMC run-to-run continuity and GEFS members
showing a stronger storm. This solution yields northerly wind gusts
as high as 50mph and some beach erosion along the Lake Superior
shore and wind gusts to 35mph inland on Tuesday. However, it should
be noted that the CMC solution would produce substantial impacts to
Upper Michigan on Tuesday, with winds gusts possibly to 60mph and
considerable beach erosion along the Lake Superior shore from the
Keweenaw Peninsula to the east. Heavy rain would also occur with
this solution across the north central and east, with storm total
rainfall surpassing 2". Lastly, some colder air arriving Tuesday
night may switch rain over to snow across the interior, but little
to no accumulation is expected as deeper moisture will be departing.

Scattered rain/snow showers will linger into Wednesday before brief
ridging brings dry conditions Wednesday night. Guidance is then in
good agreement on a clipper system dropping southeastward across the
Upper MS Valley Thursday into Friday. The bulk of the precip, will
occur Thursday night into Friday, with a chance of minor snow
accumulations across the interior west Thursday night. Beyond this
point model solutions begin to diverge considerably, so maintained
blended forecast for now. However, depending on the track of the
aforementioned clipper system Friday Night/Saturday, accumulating
snow could be possible for portions of western Upper Michigan.

.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Monday afternoon)
Issued at 133 PM EDT SUN OCT 22 2017

A cold front has moved east across the TAF sites today. Showers
along the front have expanded into central Upper Mi this afternoon,
affecting KSAW mostly. However, there may be some lingering
showers at KIWD and KCMX as well into mid afternoon. Expect MVFR
cigs to linger at KSAW into mid-late afternoon before improving to
VFR as drier air arrives in the wake of the front. KCMX and KIWD should
be VFR through the fcst period. Winds will gust above 20kt at
times at KCMX this afternoon, and LLWS may develop at KIWD late
tonight as low-level winds increase above nocturnal inversion in
advance of next approaching low pres trof.

.MARINE...(For the 4 PM Lake Superior forecast issuance)
Issued at 342 PM EDT SUN OCT 22 2017

West-southwest winds of 20-30kt strongest over the west and north
central portions of Lake Superior will continue to diminish into the
evening hours in the wake of the cold frontal passage, but should
pick up again slightly over the west and north central ahead of the
next approaching low pres trough. Southwest winds will then
generally be in the 15-25kt range on Mon strongest west half. A
deepening low pres lifting north from the Ohio Valley on Mon and
reaching a position near Drummond Island on Tue morning will result
in increasing winds on Lake Superior. Northerly gales of 40-45kt
will develop from w to e Mon night through Tue. If the sfc low ends
up deeper than currently expected, winds could up being storm force
over the east half on Tue. With the low quickly exiting to the nne,
winds will fall back to under 20kt on Wed. Look for increasing se
winds again on Thu ahead of the next low pres trough moving across
the Plains.

Upper Michigan...
Lake Superior...
  Gale Watch from Tuesday morning through Tuesday evening for

  Gale Watch from late Monday night through Tuesday evening for

  Gale Watch from late Monday night through Tuesday afternoon for

  Gale Watch from late Monday night through Tuesday evening for

Lake Michigan...


LONG TERM...Kluber
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