Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Sterling, VA

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FXUS61 KLWX 131520 AAA
AFDLWX

Area Forecast Discussion...UPDATED
National Weather Service Baltimore MD/Washington DC
1020 AM EST Mon Nov 13 2017

.SYNOPSIS...
A weak low pressure system will move east into the Atlantic
Ocean today, followed by high pressure on Tuesday and
Wednesday. Another front will cross the area Wednesday night
into Thursday morning with high pressure moving back in for
Friday.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
Rain exited the area by 7AM today, but low clouds have stayed.
Synthetic satellite imagery from the NSSL-WRF ARW shows lots of
breaks developing in the clouds by 19Z or so with the only
exception over the Appalachians and southern MD and the
Chesapeake Bay. Warmer today with highs around 50F east of the
Blue Ridge.

Tonight, high pressure will slowly build in from the west. We
will have some lingering clouds and low level moisture along
with a light northerly breeze. This may be enough to keep fog
from forming, as suggested by stat guidance, but model soundings
suggest fog is possible. For now have not put in forecast just
yet, but definitely a concern if we can clear enough and the
winds can drop off enough. Lows will be in the 30s.

&&

.SHORT TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY NIGHT/...
High pressure will slowly cross the area Tuesday and Wednesday
before a front approaches Wednesday night. This high will be a
bit dirty, with a lot of lingering low level moisture, so the
potential for fog and low clouds is elevated - however, at this
point we have not explicitly included it in the forecast. It is
just something to watch for. Otherwise, temperatures should be
closer to normal, but not quite back to normal, with highs
reaching the low 50s in the warmer spots and higher 40s in the
cooler spots, with lows in the 30s overall.

Cold front moves into the region Wednesday night, with a few
showers. Timing for showers right now looks best west of I-95
before midnight, and then a bit later east of I-95. However,
forcing is weakening as it moves through, so most likely showers
will be weakening as well as they push across the CWA. Lows will
be a little milder, but still a lot of 30s and 40s.

&&

.LONG TERM /THURSDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
A surface cold front will depart east of the area Thursday
morning. Clouds and a stray shower will be possible along the
Mason-Dixon line with upslope showers likely through Thursday
afternoon as the upper trough axis pivots across.

Ridging at the surface and aloft will quickly pivot across the
eastern U.S. on Friday. Meanwhile, a large/deep trough will dig
towards the Great Lakes. This trough will induce strong surface
cyclogenesis over the eastern Great Lakes by Saturday, dragging
a strong cold front across the Mid-Atlantic. Showers and breezy
conditions are likely during this time, but precipitation should
be all liquid as we will be solidly in the warm sector.

Surface low pressure occludes. This surface feature and the
parent upper low (which becomes cut off by this time) will stall
or move slowly across the Northeast Sunday into Monday. This
will leave the Mid-Atlantic in a cold and blustery northwest
flow. Below to well below normal temperatures are strongly
favored during this time. Upslope snow showers would seem likely
as well given the pattern, and a few flakes could even jump
east of the mountains given the strength/instability of the
upper trough Sunday into Monday.

&&

.AVIATION /15Z MONDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...

Cigs should gradually improve to VFR in the next couple of hours
where it hasn`t so with lots of breaks developing by mid
afternoon.

Fog potential exists again Wednesday morning, but
otherwise Tuesday and Wednesday should be VFR with light winds
as high pressure passes on by. Cold front on Wednesday night
could bring sub-VFR cigs/vis in showers.

Mainly VFR Thu-Fri. N flow Thu 10-15 kts becoming light
variable Thu night-Fri as high pressure builds in. Good model
agreement leads to a high confidence forecast for this time
range.

&&

.MARINE...
Low pressure pulling east away from the region today should
cause rain this morning to break for some sun later today. Winds
look mostly sub SCA, but if there is just enough mixing, we
could touch SCA criteria late today and tonight, or at times
during the day Tuesday. Probability of sustained SCA looks low
at this time so have not pulled trigger on one. Wednesday looks
solidly sub-SCA as high pressure pushes across the area before a
cold front arrives at night.

SCA gusts likely Thursday into Thursday night in northerly
channeling behind a cold front. Winds go light as high pressure
builds in late Thursday night through Friday.

&&

.LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
DC...None.
MD...None.
VA...None.
WV...None.
MARINE...None.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...RCM
NEAR TERM...LFR
SHORT TERM...RCM
LONG TERM...DFH
AVIATION...RCM/DFH
MARINE...RCM/DFH



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