Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Birmingham, AL

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FXUS64 KBMX 261108

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Birmingham AL
608 AM CDT Wed Jul 26 2017

For 12Z Aviation.


Today and tonight.

Patches of low clouds and fog are present this morning in the wake
of rainfall on Tuesday. Dissipation is expected shortly after
daybreak. Aloft, an elongated deep-layer trough continues to move
slowly southward and is approaching the Gulf Coast. This should
result in somewhat lower PWAT values and rain chances a ridge moves
in behind the trough. The highest rain chances (30-40 POP) are
confined along and south of Interstate 85, where slightly higher
moisture content and weak low-level convergence may contribute to
scattered afternoon convection. Otherwise, only isolated activity is
expected for the majority of the forecast area.


Thursday through Wednesday.

Another hot/humid day in store for Thursday. Upper level ridging
slides slightly eastward as the low level high pressure sets up over
the Texas coast. A broad/weak low is still present over Southern GA
as we get into the afternoon, so could see some afternoon
showers/storms in the eastern half of Central AL. For the western
half, westerly flow brings in some drier air in the lower levels.
With the light winds aloft, expect that this drier air could mix
down in the afternoon, lowering the dewpoints. With 1000-850mb
thickness approaching 1440m, still expect afternoon highs to be in
the mid to upper 90s in the western counties and the low 90s for the
eastern counties. Heat indices are forecast to approach and
possibly hit 105 in some areas in the western portions of Central
AL, so will continue mentioning heat impacts in the HWO. The
question will be just how much afternoon mixing can occur to
decrease the surface moisture, limiting the heat index.

A surface low moves through the Ohio River Valley on Friday and
stretches a cold front down through the TN Valley. An upper level
trough helps push this cold front south through Central AL Friday
night into Saturday morning. The PWATs ahead of this system are near
or just above 2.5", so expect heavy rainfall with the storms that
form along the frontal boundary. Latest model runs have sped this
frontal passage up some, pushing it south of our area by Saturday
morning. Have kept some lower-end chance PoPs in the forecast for
our southeastern areas even after this front passes due to the
trough axis hanging around. Otherwise, drier and cooler weather
filters in with the northerly flow for the weekend and into early
next week.



12Z TAF Discussion.

IFR conditions at KMGM and KTOI should quickly improve to VFR
over the next few hours. Isolated/scattered showers and a few
thunderstorms are possible near any of the TAF sites during the
afternoon, but a slightly better chance exists at KMGM and KTOI
where VCSH has been introduced.




Isolated to scattered rain chances today and tomorrow and ridging
builds in. Light winds at the surface and aloft will limit
dispersion for the next couple of days. Hot and humid weather, so
no fire weather concerns at this time.




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