Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Dallas/Fort Worth, TX

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FXUS64 KFWD 160555

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Fort Worth TX
1155 PM CST Sun Jan 15 2017

/06Z TAFs/

Metroplex airports--The rain is ending from west to east across
the Metroplex, and should be east of KDAL by 07-08Z. Light and
variable winds will become more westerly overnight. VFR cigs will
become clear in a few hours and there`s a decent potential light
fog will develop due to moisture in place and a wet ground from
the rain. Will be keeping a close eye on this potential and for
now will indicate a 2SM from 09-16Z. Otherwise, VFR conditions are
expected but there may be a few low clouds as a front moves
through the region later today. The winds will shift to the
northwest late this afternoon with this front.

Waco airport--Showers and thunderstorms will continue near the
airport through 08-09Z. As the ceilings clear in a few hours,
light fog may develop due to moisture in place and a wet ground from
the rain. Will carry a 2SM from 10-16Z but keep a close eye on
this development during the overnight hours. Otherwise, VFR
conditions are expected. The winds will become westerly overnight
and then become northwesterly late Monday afternoon as a front
moves through the region. There may be a few showers or an
isolated thunderstorm near the front in the afternoon hours but at
this time the best rain potential is southeast of the airport.



Main update was to address ongoing convective trends this evening.
In addition, adjusted temperatures downward a little towards the
west and northwest in the wake of the front. Finally...added a
mention of patchy fog across western and northwestern zones.

A large line of showers and thunderstorms continued this evening
across North and Central TX. Overall severe activity has waned a
little bit as the strong upper trough responsible for convection
lifts northward into the TX and OK panhandles. Showers and storms
should still march eastward as there remains some instability
where the intrusion of warm air lifted northward earlier today.
Adjusted PoPs upward near and just east of the line as there still
remains some around 250-500 J/kg of CAPE. A moist lower
troposphere will also still support a moderate to brief heavy rain
threat with echoes and additional flash flooding may be possible,
especially for slow moving/training echoes. Temperatures in the
wake of the front have fallen into the 40s. With the low level
moisture not being completely scoured out, we will have to
maintain a watch for some patchy fog, especially for areas that
experienced rain earlier today. For now, I`ll carry a mention of
patchy fog along and northwest of a Comanche to Fort Worth to
Sherman/Denison line. I wouldn`t be surprised if some of the fog
became dense in spots, but I`ll defer to the midnight shift to
make the call on this.



.PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 321 PM CST Sun Jan 15 2017/

Water vapor imagery shows the powerful upper low across far West
Texas this afternoon. This feature is spreading strong forcing for
ascent across most of Texas at this time and regional radar shows
an expansive area of showers and thunderstorms from the Panhandle
south into the Big Bend. Farther east...strong low level warm
advection has aided in the development of showers and a few
thunderstorms across parts of the Hill country northward into

At the surface...a warm front is slowly retreating northward but
will begin to accelerate as the upper low gets closer later this
evening. The boundary is currently located from south of
Sweetwater to near Waco then extends northeast to near Sulphur
Springs. South of the boundary...temperatures have warmed into the
low/mid 60s and visibilities have improved...while north of the
boundary temperatures are generally in the 50s with areas of dense
fog persisting. Visibilities will improve across the remainder of
the area this evening as the warm front continues north.

Through the remainder of the afternoon into the early evening we
will continue to watch the northward advancement of the front and
the expanding warm sector. Dewpoints have climbed into the
mid/upper 60s across our southeastern counties which is several
degrees higher than some of the guidance was indicating resulting
in a little more surface based instability. As we go through the
next 2-4 hours...low level wind fields will continue to strengthen
with the approach of the upper low. This should result in an
uptick in convective activity ahead of the main line from the Hill
Country northward into North Texas. We`re already seeing some
indication of this on radar and the trend is expected to continue.
A few of the cells in the warm sector have shows some signs of
rotation and this will be the primary concern in the short term.
Any robust updrafts that can develop in the warm air will have the
potential to rotate and could produce a brief fast moving tornado.
This threat will be highest south of I-20 through early evening.

Later stronger forcing spreads eastward...the line of
thunderstorms across West Texas will enter our area. Given the
strength of the wind fields associated with the upper
trough...there will be a threat for damaging winds with any bowing
segments. A surface low is expected to track across our northwest
counties closer to midnight on the northern end of the more
intense convection. This will effectively keep the low level flow
backed to the east of the main line. This will continue to result
in a favorable shear profile for embedded tornadoes within the
line. Any discrete activity ahead of the line will also have the
potential to rotate. North of the warm front...elevated convection
will be possible with lightning and small hail being the main
threats.  The main limiting factor to a more widespread severe
weather threat and tornado threat will be the limited surface
based instability. So while the potential is there...the overall
threat is lower than if we had more available instability. We will
continue to monitor for any mesoscale changes through the

Other than the severe threat...there will also be a threat for
locally heavy rainfall with storms moving quickly to the north and
the overall line moving east through the night. Widespread
rainfall amounts of 1 to 2 inches can be expected although there
could be some localized amounts in excess of 2 inches in a short
period of time.

The main line of storms should be entering our western areas
between 7-9 pm this evening and along the I-35 corridor by around
midnight. With the main upper trough pulling off to the
northeast...this will tend to take the best forcing with it. The
line may weaken some as it pushes east of the I-35 corridor with
the best rain chances across our eastern counties after midnight.

The line of convection will be east of the area Monday morning
with a Pacific front moving through and westerly winds in place
through much of the day. By evening...a shot of cooler continental
air will move into the region. This front will also stall out to
the south of the area with warm moist air streaming north over the
cooler surface air. This will result in continued cloudy
conditions and several chances for additional rainfall through mid
week...mainly south of Interstate 20. There is still some
disagreement among the models with the handling of a slow moving
upper trough during the mid/late week timeframe. This results in
low confidence with respect to PoPs both Wednesday and Thursday.

Another strong storm system may swing through the Southern Plains
next weekend but moisture appears to be much more limited with
this system.  We`ll continue to monitor this potential.



Dallas-Ft. Worth    52  68  43  59  45 / 100  10   0   5  20
Waco                54  72  46  57  46 / 100  20  10  30  40
Paris               56  67  44  57  43 / 100  50  10   5  20
Denton              45  65  39  56  41 / 100  10   0   5  20
McKinney            51  66  41  57  42 / 100  20   0   5  20
Dallas              53  69  44  59  46 / 100  20   0   5  20
Terrell             56  68  45  59  45 / 100  40  10  10  20
Corsicana           57  70  48  61  47 / 100  40  10  20  40
Temple              52  71  47  56  46 / 100  20  20  50  50
Mineral Wells       41  66  38  56  41 / 100   5   0  10  20




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