Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Northern Indiana

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520
FXUS63 KIWX 211054
AFDIWX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Northern Indiana
654 AM EDT Mon May 21 2018

.SYNOPSIS...
Issued at 301 AM EDT Mon May 21 2018

Showers and thunderstorms will move in from Illinois early this
morning and work east across the area. Additional showers and
thunderstorms will be possible this afternoon and evening with a
threat for strong to severe storms existing mainly south of Route
24. Drier weather will arrive Tuesday and continue through the
work week with highs climbing to near or above 80.

&&

.UPDATE...
Issued at 430 AM EDT Mon May 21 2018

Corrected timing wording in the long term section.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(Today and Tonight)
Issued at 301 AM EDT Mon May 21 2018

Convective complex moving northeast across Illinois early this
morning will likely move into the Upper Great Lakes Region around
the Monday morning commute. Recent radar trends have shown
portions of this convection weakening while the storms closest to
the upper shortwave (just north of St. Louis) remain healthy. The
track of this shortwave will bring it over Chicago with time. This
will be close enough to initiate storms across northern Indiana
and southern Michigan. Not expecting too much organization with
this first round of convection as MUCAPE is low (~500 J/kg), but
it will be enough for fair coverage of thunder mention in the wx
grids.

As this initial area of convection drifts northward, our
cold front from a few days ago should start to move north as a
warm front. This would allow for a surge of low level moisture to
move into the southern portion of the CWA by midday. This will
also complicate the high temperature forecast as the front is
expected to stall near the Indiana/Michigan state line. North of
the front, temperatures will struggle to reach the 65 degree mark
while locations south of the front could surge into the mid 70s
easily.

Our second round of convection heavily relies on our potential to
destabilize after this morning`s convection. Latest CAMs suggest
this will be the case with initiation around peak heating (~17Z-
19Z). Instability may be a bit limited this afternoon with MUCAPE
of 1500 J/kg forecast, but deep layer shear of 40kt to 50kt will
more than be adequate for storms to become organized. There is a
corridor of better instability and deep layer shear of 30kt right
along our southern CWA border which may allow for some discrete
storm development, but the primary storm mode should be multi-
cellular given forecast hodographs. This will result in the
primary threat being strong to damaging wind gusts. The area with
the highest chances is along and south of Highway 24. Forecast
confidence remains low given the influence of the morning
convection on later development.

&&

.LONG TERM...(Tuesday through Sunday)
Issued at 301 AM EDT Mon May 21 2018

Cold front moves into the area on Tuesday. There may be
some lingering convection in the morning. As the front slowly moves
to the southeast, additional develop may be possible around midday.
Strong storms can`t be ruled out with this later convection as
forecast models show decent CAPE of 1000 J/kg, but deep layer
shear is expected to be around 15kt to 20kt. This may be enough
for brief gusty winds. This round of storms should clear the area
from west to east by Tuesday afternoon.

High pressure builds over the Upper Great Lakes region by mid-
week and remains into the weekend. This will bring dry and warmer
weather as daytime highs each day reach into the lower 80s. The
next upper level low drops out of the northern High Plains over
the weekend to bring the next round of rain chances.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Tuesday Morning)
Issued at 649 AM EDT Mon May 21 2018

Areas of MVFR and IFR clouds along with VFR spots continued early
this morning. Most of the lower ceilings were on the north side
of the stationary front. A couple rounds of convection will move
across the area today, keeping the likelihood of lower ceilings
and visibilities.

&&

.IWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IN...NONE.
MI...NONE.
OH...NONE.
LM...NONE.
&&

$$

UPDATE...CM
SYNOPSIS...CM
SHORT TERM...CM
LONG TERM...CM
AVIATION...Skipper


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