Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Memphis, TN

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FXUS64 KMEG 201846

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Memphis TN
1246 PM CST Tue Feb 20 2018

.UPDATE.../issued 1054 AM CST Tue Feb 20 2018/

As the western CONUS trough continues to dig toward northern
Mexico, a well-defined warm conveyor belt is evident downstream,
advecting mid/high level Pacific moisture across the Southern
Plains through the Great Lakes. At the surface, strong south winds
will continue to pump rich Gulf moisture into the Mid-South. The
influx of this moisture throughout the column will lead to
precipitable water values on the order of 1.5" by midday Wednesday
which is in the 99th percentile across portions of the CWA. A
slow-moving front will gradually sag southward across the area
late tonight and Wednesday, providing a low-level focus for
convective development, enhanced by the transverse circulation in
the right entrance region of the polar jet. All of this means that
widespread showers, and some thunderstorms, are expected late
tonight through Wednesday night. Heavy rainfall is likely which
may result in river and lowland flooding with an additional
potential for flash flooding, especially in urban settings. The
Flood Watch is in good shape.

In the meantime, isolated showers are expected over the next few
hours and may increase in coverage this afternoon across the
western half of the CWA. That said, most areas should remain dry
today. Rain chances increase from north to south this evening and
overnight as the aforementioned cold front arrives. Strong south
winds will continue in the warm sector ahead of the front. Expect
sustained wind speeds of 15-25 mph with gusts exceeding 35 mph at
times. A small Wind Advisory is not out of the question this
afternoon. The other story in the near term is the near record
warmth. Temperatures are already in the upper 60s and lower 70s
and some areas could approach 80 degrees this afternoon.



.DISCUSSION... /issued 326 AM CST Tue Feb 20 2018/

Very warm and breezy conditions across the Midsouth early this
morning...with only a few sprinkles affecting the far northwestern
counties. Otherwise conditions were dry with varied cloud cover.
Temperatures this hour ranged from the mid 60s to near 70F.

For today and tomorrow...models are in strong agreement that deep
moisture associated with an upper atmospheric river ejecting from
the Eastern Pacific/west coast of Mexico will bring the start of
abundant rainfall to a large portion of the Midsouth. In addition
a slow descending cold front now seen in central Missouri will
provide the focus for lifting the moisture...with the front
progged to stall over north Mississippi by Wednesday night. Strong
south winds ahead of the front will flirt with wind advisory
criteria over the Delta for an hour or two today...but at this
time an advisory is not expected. Light rain showers...generally
along and west of the Mississippi River today...will increase in
intensity and coverage tonight as the front stretches from
northeast Arkansas through northwest Tennessee. This is the zone
were the heaviest QPF is anticipated within the current flood
watch. NAM soundings off Bufkit also support this with forecasted
PW`s exceeding the 99th percentile at Jonesboro. Moderate to
heavier rainfall will shift ever so slightly south and east with
the front later Wednesday...with 24 hour totals of 1 to 2 inches
over the far southeast counties versus the 2 to 4 inches within
the flood watch. Embedded thunder is anticipated with a few strong
storms potentially along the frontal surface...especially
tomorrow afternoon over portions of north Mississippi where solar
heating brings CAPE values up near 1000g/kg. The main reason why
storms are not expected to be poor midlevel lapse
rates will hinder updraft speeds. Temperatures today will climb
back into the 70`s to near 80F with a few locations potentially
tying or breaking a record. Behind the front highs will fall into
the 50s and 60s...while 70s remain over northeast Mississippi.

Thursday through Monday...the aforementioned cold front will
slowly lift back to the north as a warm front early this
period...while a continued southwest upper flow brings additional
moisture to the area. Models are hinting at a small lag in both
precipitation intensity and coverage from midday Thursday into
Friday morning as the main focus shifts to a developing surface
wave in south Texas. The far northwest counties will have the best
threat for light rain. Temperatures in the 50s and 60s for
Thursday and more 70`s once again for Friday and Saturday.
Heavier rainfall will arrive Friday night into Saturday as the
surface wave lifts into Oklahoma and Missouri. A few severe storms
may evolve this time frame as a stronger cold front sweeps in
from the west. Additional rainfall amounts of 2 to 4 inches is
possible...either leading to new flooding or a continued
aggravation of ongoing flooding. Drier Pacific air will work into
the region Sunday and Monday...with only a slight chance for a
shower over the south. Mild temperatures behind this front.




18Z TAF Set

CIGS continue to scatter out and at this time only KJBR and KTUP
remain MVFR. Conditions should continue to improve until this
evening when a line of SHRAS/TSRAs along an approaching cold front
pushes into the area. Have added mention of thunder to KJBR, KMEM,
and KMKL with a tempo for the best timing of the line. Thereafter,
CIGS will plummet to IFR with steady light to moderate rain
occurring for the remainder of the period. Strong southerly winds
will turn around to the northeast and will remain gusty behind
the front.

Meanwhile, the front should stay north of KTUP thus only have
mention of vicinity shower. IFR/MVFR CIGS may occur overnight into
Wednesday morning as stratus develops. Also, winds will remain
gusty from the south.




AR...Flood Watch from midnight CST tonight through late Wednesday
     night for Clay-Craighead-Crittenden-Cross-Greene-Lawrence-
     Lee AR-Mississippi-Phillips-Poinsett-Randolph-St. Francis.

MO...Flood Watch from midnight CST tonight through late Wednesday
     night for Dunklin-Pemiscot.

MS...Flood Watch from midnight CST tonight through late Wednesday
     night for Coahoma-DeSoto-Tunica.

TN...Flood Watch from midnight CST tonight through late Wednesday
     night for Crockett-Dyer-Gibson-Haywood-Lake-Lauderdale-


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