Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Mt. Holly, NJ

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FXUS61 KPHI 210729

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Mount Holly NJ
329 AM EDT Mon Oct 21 2019

A weak area of high pressure slides across our area today then
shifts to our northeast tonight into Tuesday morning. A cold front
will cross our area late Tuesday, then high pressure builds in for
Wednesday and Thursday before shifting offshore Friday. The next
cold front moves through later Friday, with low pressure along it
sliding to our south and east Saturday into Sunday as high pressure
builds across New England.


Low pressure centered about 150 miles east of Atlantic City will
drift to the east today and out to sea. Meanwhile, weak high
pressure will pass through the region.

With abundant low level moisture still in place, fog and low clouds
will persist through a few hours after daybreak. Fog will dissipate
and clouds will lift and scatter out between 9am-11am.

Skies should become mostly sunny for most of the region, although
mid and high clouds may linger along the New Jersey and Delaware
coasts as clouds wrap around the departing low.

Highs will top off in the mid and upper 60s.


High pressure moves offshore this evening, and then a cold front
approaches from the west. Clouds will increase and thicken after
midnight, but precip should hold off until after daybreak Tuesday.
Lows will be in the 40s and 50s, but if clouds are slower to arrive,
then there is the potential for radiational cooling prior to
midnight that could result in colder than forecast temps.


Summary...A cold front moves through late Tuesday, followed by
another cold front later Friday. Low pressure along the tailend of
the cold front tracks to our south and east Saturday into Sunday
while high pressure builds across New England.

Synoptic Overview...A significant trough from the upper Great Lakes
to the lower Mississippi Valley Tuesday shifts northeast and lifts
into Canada and New England. The southeastern part of this large
trough may take on some negative tilt late Tuesday into Wednesday as
it crosses the Northeast. The flow turns briefly more zonal during
the midweek time frame before another trough amplifies from the
Midwest through the Plains late Wednesday into Friday. This feature
then shifts eastward through the weekend, however the southern
portion of the trough looks to close off across the southern states
and this introduces more uncertainty especially with timing into the
East along with sensible weather impacts.

For Tuesday...A strong area of low pressure is forecast to track
across the western Great Lakes and into adjacent Canada. The
associated upper-level trough may take on some negative tilt as it
arrives across the Northeast late Tuesday night. An associated cold
front is expected to move across our region late Tuesday as a weak
surface low develops along it as it crosses our region. This may
tend to enhance the showers for a time, with the stronger forcing
sliding mostly across our northern areas. Given easterly low-level
flow ahead of the system, a few light showers cannot be ruled out
during the day with the main band of showers arriving later in the
afternoon and especially in the evening from west to east.

The guidance continues to keep lots of clouds in place given the low-
level warm air advection occurring with an easterly surface flow.
This will have an impact on the instability. The south to southwest
flow above the easterly low-level flow is forecast to strengthen
late in the day, and this will result in decent shear especially
from Delmarva southward. The forecast soundings however show limited
instability at best. Based on this and also collaborating with our
neighboring offices, opted to hold off on including a thunder
mention. It is possible that with enough frontal forcing, some low-
topped convection could occur however it is not clear if enough
instability will develop to result in lightning generation. The
showers rapidly end at night with some clearing occurring. There may
be a little bit of a wind surge in the wake of the cold frontal
passage with some initial cold air advection and tightened pressure

For Wednesday and Thursday...High pressure across the southern
states Wednesday is forecast to build across our region Wednesday
night and Thursday before gradually starting to shift offshore.
Given this and the flow aloft turning more zonal, dry conditions are
anticipated. The afternoon temperatures Thursday may near 70 degrees
across portions of our southern areas as some return flow and warm
air advection starts to get underway.

For Friday through Sunday...A complex setup looks to occur as the
next upper-level trough amplifies eastward from the Midwest and
Plains. This feature may split with a closed low developing across
the southern states while the northern branch trough slides eastward
across the Great Lakes and the Northeast. The northern trough will
drive a cold front across our area later Friday, however it may slow
as it clears the coast. The southern states energy looks to develop
a surface low along the tailend of the cold front and this system
may track south and east of our our region later Saturday and
Sunday. Given much more uncertainty regarding the timing and the
overall synoptic evolution, mostly blended in the 00z WPC
Guidance with continuity and kept any PoPs no higher than the
chance range.


The following discussion is for KPHL, KPNE, KTTN, KABE, KRDG, KILG,
KMIV, KACY and surrounding areas.

Today...Lingering MVFR/IFR CIGs/VSBYs through 13-15Z, then VFR.
North winds 10 kt or less will veer to the east, then southeast
later this afternoon.

Tonight...VFR initially, then clouds will lower and thicken with
MVFR CIGs possible towards daybreak Tuesday. LGT/VRB winds.

Tuesday...MVFR/IFR ceilings. A few light showers possible during
much of the day, them organized showers with visibility restrictions
move through later in the afternoon and evening from west to east.
The conditions improve to VFR during the night. East-northeast to
east-southeast winds near 10 knots, shifting to west and northwest
at night. Moderate to high confidence on conditions below VFR, but
low confidence on the timing of flight category changes.

Wednesday and Thursday...VFR. West-northwest to west winds 10-15
knots, becoming light and variable Wednesday night then
southwesterly around 5 knots Thursday. High confidence.

Friday...A period of sub-VFR conditions possible late day or at
night with possible showers. Southwest winds around 10 knots,
becoming west to northwest at night. Low to moderate confidence.


Low pressure east of New Jersey moves out to sea today. A cold front
approaches late tonight.

Wind gusts have subsided to below gale force, so will go ahead and
convert Gale Warning to Small Craft Advisories. Gusty winds continue
through this morning, and then SCA conditions, mainly in elevated
seas, will then persist on the ocean waters this afternoon and into

For Delaware Bay, SCA conditions have ended on the upper portion of
the bay, but will linger on the lower portion of the bay for a few
more hours early this morning.

Tuesday...As winds become westerly at night, wind gusts may reach 25
knots for a time late. Seas however on the Atlantic coastal waters
may still be near 5 feet.

Wednesday...Small Craft Advisory conditions possible especially in
the morning with westerly wind gusts to 25 knots.

Thursday and Friday...The conditions are anticipated to be below
Small Craft Advisory criteria.


MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 7 AM EDT Tuesday for ANZ450>455.
     Small Craft Advisory until 7 AM EDT this morning for ANZ431.


Near Term...MPS
Short Term...MPS
Long Term...Gorse
Marine...Gorse/MPS is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.