Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Albany, NY

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FXUS61 KALY 310624
AFDALY

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ALBANY NY
224 AM EDT SUN AUG 31 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
A SLOW MOVING COLD FRONT WILL BRING SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS TODAY...SOME POSSIBLY WITH HEAVY RAINFALL. WEAK HIGH
PRESSURE WILL BUILD IN LABOR DAY. IT WILL BE VERY WARM AND HUMID AND
MAINLY RAIN-FREE...BUT AN ADDITIONAL THUNDERSTORM CANNOT BE RULED
OUT. ANOTHER COLD FRONT IS EXPECTED TO BRING A CHANCE FOR SHOWERS
AND THUNDERSTORMS TUESDAY AND TUESDAY NIGHT.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM THIS MORNING/...
AS OF 1245 AM EDT...RADAR INDICATED THAT SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS
WERE STILL HAVING A DIFFICULT TIME MAKING INTO HERKIMER COUNTY...AS
THEY WERE MAINLY TRACKING TO THE NORTHWEST OF NORTHERN HERKIMER
COUNTY...ALONG THE TUG HILL PLATEAU.

BOTH THE LATEST RUC13 AND HRRR NOW KEEP MOST OF THE ACTIVITY
CONFINED TO OUR NORTHWEST AREAS OVERNIGHT SO WE DECIDED TO TRIM BACK
THE POPS EVEN MORE COMPARED TO THE LAST UPDATE.

THE IFR 11U-3.9U IFR SATELLITE PICTURES INDICATED STRATUS SLOWLY
OVERSPREADING THE REGION FROM THE SOUTH...WHILE MID AND HIGH CLOUDS
WERE WORKING IN FROM THE WEST.

TEMPERATURES WERE STILL MILD...GENERALLY IN THE 60S THANKS TO THE
INCREASING CLOUDS AND A PERSISTENT SOUTHERLY BREEZE.

FOR THE REST OF THE OVERNIGHT...LOOK FOR SCATTERED SHOWERS AND
PERHAPS A RUMBLE OF THUNDER (THE SHOWALTER INDICES WERE GENERALLY
JUST ABOVE 0 SO MUCH INSTABILITY)...OVER MAINLY OUR PORTION OF THE
ADIRONDACK PARK. EVERYONE ELSE SHOULD REMAIN DRY WITH INCREASING
CLOUDS.

NO CHANGES TO OVERNIGHT LOWS...LOOK FOR THEM TO ONLY DROP A POINT OR
TWO MORE...GENERALLY STAYING IN THE 60S ALL NIGHT ALONG. THE
SOUTHERLY BREEZE WILL PERSIST 5 TO 15 MPH.
&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM THIS MORNING THROUGH TUESDAY/...
STILL SOME QUESTION AS TO HOW MUCH CLOUD COVER WILL BE OVER THE
REGION TOMORROW. SOUTHWEST BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW AND A LOOSENING
BOUNDARY LAYER THERMAL GRADIENT SHOULD PROMOTE SOME BREAKS IN
CLOUD COVER. THERE SHOULD ALSO BE BREAKS IN THE LEFTOVER
CONVECTIVE DEBRIS FROM CONVECTION IN THE GREAT LAKES AND WESTERN
NY/PA. CLOUD COVER CURRENTLY UPSTREAM IN THE OH VALLEY AND GREAT
LAKES IS SCATTERED TO BROKEN. SO WITH THE PROSPECTS FOR AT LEAST
SOME INTERVALS OF SUN...WITH RAPIDLY WARMING BOUNDARY LAYER
TEMPERATURES...HIGHS SOLIDLY IN THE 80S SUNDAY...BUT UPPER 70S
SOUTHERN ADIRONDACKS WHERE SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS SHOULD AFFECT
EARLIER IN THE DAY.

UPPER DYNAMICS...ALONG WITH A LITTLE LOW LEVEL JET SEGMENT TRACKS
THROUGH THE REGION SUNDAY AND SUNDAY NIGHT. DEEP MOISTURE SEEN IN
THE SATELLITE DERIVED SOUNDER IMAGERY OF PWAT...IS SURGING NORTH
FROM THE MS/TN VALLEY. SO...COVERAGE OF SHOWERS AND SCATTERED
THUNDERSTORMS SHOULD INCREASE TO LIKELY IN THE AFTERNOON IN MOST
AREAS. LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN IS POSSIBLE AND WILL ADDRESS IN
HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOK...BUT NO WIDESPREAD OR HIGH IMPACT FLOOD
THREAT EXPECTED.

WEAK COLD FRONT EXITS SUNDAY NIGHT WITH JUST SOME LINGERING
SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS...WITH THE BEST COVERAGE IN
THE MID HUDSON VALLEY...BERKSHIRES AND NW CT SUNDAY EVENING. SOME
QUESTION AS TO HOW FAR SOUTH THE WEAK LOW LEVEL BOUNDARY GETS...SO
SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS COULD LINGER THROUGH MUCH OF
MONDAY IN THE MID HUDSON VALLEY AND NW CT...BUT JUST SCATTERED...
WITH ISOLATED AFTERNOON ACTIVITY ELSEWHERE. STILL...SOME PERIODS
OF SUNSHINE EXPECTED MONDAY...WITH PERHAPS MORE CLOUDS THAN SUN IN
THE MID HUDSON VALLEY AND NW CT. HIGHS MONDAY SOLIDLY IN THE 80S.
THERE COULD BE A LULL IN THE SHOWER AND THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY
MONDAY NIGHT WITH PARTIAL CLEARING...BUT DEW POINTS ARE NOT
EXPECTED TO DROP MUCH IF ANY...SO LOWS MONDAY NIGHT IN THE 60S.

ANOTHER COLD FRONT APPROACHES TUESDAY...WITH A BIT BETTER BOUNDARY
LAYER FRONTOGENESIS AND THERMAL GRADIENT TRACKING TOWARD THE
REGION. CURRENT CONSENSUS ON TIMING SUGGESTS SOME SUNSHINE AND
DAYTIME HEATING AT LEAST TUESDAY MORNING...WITH THE LEADING EDGE
OF SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS APPROACHING WESTERN AREAS
MIDDAY OR EARLY AFTERNOON TUESDAY...THEN AFFECTING THE REST OF THE
REGION THROUGH THE AFTERNOON. HIGHS TUESDAY SOLIDLY IN THE 80S.
THUNDERSTORMS TUESDAY COULD BE STRONG BASED ON THE POTENTIAL
INSTABILITY...THERMAL GRADIENT FORCING AND BOUNDARY LAYER WINDS.

&&

.LONG TERM /TUESDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY/...
MIDWEEK THROUGH THE END OF THE WORK WEEK WILL FEATURE DRY CONDITIONS
AS HIGH PRESSURE MOVES OVER THE FORECAST AREA BEHIND A COLD FRONT.
HOWEVER...A COLD FRONT ON SATURDAY WILL BRING A SHOWERY START FOR
THE BEGINNING OF THE WEEKEND.

TEMPERATURES WILL AVERAGE A FEW DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL...WITH HIGHS
FROM AROUND 70 DEGREES...TO THE LOWER AND MID 80S WEDNESDAY THROUGH
FRIDAY.  SATURDAY WILL BE COOLER WITH HIGHS FROM THE MID 60S TO
AROUND 809 DEGREES.

NIGHTTIME LOWS WILL BE IN THE MID 50S TO UPPER 60S RANGE JUST PRIOR
TO THE COLD FRONT TUESDAY NIGHT.  WEDNESDAY NIGHT LOWS WILL RANGE
FROM AROUND 50 DEGREES IN THE WESTERN ADIRONDACKS...TO NEAR 60
DEGREES DOWN THE HUDSON VALLEY.  THEN READINGS SLOWLY BOUNCE BACK...
WITH LOWS FROM MAINLY THE LOWER AND MID 50S IN THE MOUNTAINS...TO
THE LOWER 60S DOWN THE HUDSON VALLEY.

&&

.AVIATION /06Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
AS OF 200 AM...CIGS AT THE KGFL/KALB/KPOU TAF SITES ARE VERY CLOSE
TO THE MVFR/VFR CUTOFF OF 3000 FEET...WITH KALB STILL ONLY SCT AT
3300 FEET. AT KPSF CIGS ARE AROUND 1500 FEET. EXPECT MAINLY MVFR
CIGS AT ALL THE TAF SITES THROUGH AROUND 15Z...WITH OCCASIONAL IFR
CIGS AT KPSF. AFTER 15Z CIGS SHOULD RISE TO MAINLY VFR AT
KGFL/KALB/KPOU...AND MVFR AT KPSF. VCSH HAS BEEN INCLUDED AT ALL THE
TAF SITES AFTER 15Z. THE MAIN BAND OF MOISTURE ASSOCIATED WITH THE
FRONTAL BOUNDARY AND UPPER LEVEL TROF WILL MOVE ACROSS THE TAF SITES
LATER SUNDAY AFTERNOON AND EVENING. HAVE FORECAST MVFR CIGS/VSBYS AT
ALL THE TAFS SITES AFTER 19Z/20Z AS WIDESPREAD SHOWERS MOVE
IN...WITH A PROB 30 GROUP GENERALLY BETWEEN 19Z AND 01Z FOR A CHANCE
OF TSTMS WITH MVFR CONDITIONS. THE WIDESPREAD SHOWERS WILL LIKELY
END BY AROUND 01Z/02Z AT THE TAF SITES...BUT EXPECT MVFR CIGS/VSBYS
TO LINGER DUE TO FOG AND STRATUS STILL OVER THE REGION.

WINDS WILL BE CALM OR SOUTH AT 8 KTS OR LESS THROUGH THE REST OF
TONIGHT...THEN SOUTH OR SOUTHWEST AT 7 TO 10 KTS ON SUNDAY AND
SUNDAY EVENING...BECOMING 5 KTS OR LESS AFTER 02Z SUNDAY NIGHT.

OUTLOOK...

LATE SUNDAY NIGHT: MODERATE OPERATIONAL IMPACT. SCATTERED
SHRA...TSRA.
LABOR DAY: LOW OPERATIONAL IMPACT. ISOLATED SHRA...TSRA.
MONDAY NIGHT: LOW OPERATIONAL IMPACT. ISOLATED SHRA...TSRA.
TUESDAY: MODERATE OPERATIONAL IMPACT. SCATTERED SHRA...TSRA.
TUESDAY NIGHT: MODERATE OPERATIONAL IMPACT. SCATTERED SHRA...TSRA.
WEDNESDAY: NO OPERATIONAL IMPACT.  NO SIG WX.
WEDNESDAY NIGHT: NO OPERATIONAL IMPACT.  NO SIG WX.
THURSDAY: NO OPERATIONAL IMPACT.  NO SIG WX.

&&

.FIRE WEATHER...
LATE TONIGHT INTO SUNDAY A SLOW MOVING COLD FRONT WILL BRING A
ROUND OF SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS...SOME POSSIBLY WITH HEAVY
RAINFALL. WEAK HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD IN LABOR DAY. IT WILL BE
VERY WARM HUMID AND MAINLY RAIN-FREE...BUT AN ADDITIONAL
THUNDERSTORM CANNOT BE RULED OUT. ANOTHER COLD FRONT IS
EXPECTED TO BRING A CHANCE FOR SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS TUESDAY
AND TUESDAY NIGHT.

MINIMUM RH VALUES SHOULD BE BETWEEN 65 TO 75 PERCENT SUNDAY ASS
COVERAGE OF SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS INCREASES. MINIMUM RH VALUES
MONDAY SHOULD BE 55 TO 65 PERCENT. MAXIMUM RH VALUES TONIGHT AND
TOMORROW NIGHT ARE EXPECTED TO BE 80 TO 100 PERCENT WITH SOME DEW
FORMATION.

THE SURFACE WIND BE SOUTH TO SOUTHWEST AT 15 MPH OR LESS TONIGHT
THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT...THEN BECOME WEST TO SOUTHWEST MONDAY.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS WILL DEVELOP LATE TONIGHT AND
ESPECIALLY SUNDAY INTO SUNDAY EVENING. AVERAGE BASIN RAINFALLS
LOOK TO GENERALLY BE UNDER AN INCH SO AT THIS POINT...MAIN STREAM
RIVERS WILL GENERALLY SEE LITTLE OR NO RISES.

HOWEVER...WITH PWAT VALUES FORECAST TO INCREASE TO 2 INCHES...ANY
THUNDERSTORM COULD CONTAIN LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL EASILY EXCEEDING
AN INCH. ANY TRAINING THUNDERSTORMS COULD RESULT LOCALIZED PONDING
OF WATER IN AREAS OF POOR DRAINAGE.

ADDITIONAL THUNDERSTORMS ON LABOR DAY LOOK ISOLATED AND GENERALLY
NOT EXPECTED TO PRODUCE ADDITIONAL HYDRO PROBLEMS.

MORE SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ARE POSSIBLE LATE TUESDAY INTO
WEDNESDAY AS A STRONGER COLD FRONT ARRIVES.


FOR DETAILS ON SPECIFIC AREA RIVERS AND LAKES...INCLUDING OBSERVED
AND FORECAST RIVER STAGES AND LAKE ELEVATIONS...PLEASE VISIT THE
ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE /AHPS/ GRAPHS ON OUR WEBSITE.

&&

.ALY WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...NONE.
NY...NONE.
MA...NONE.
VT...NONE.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...SND/HWJIV/NAS
NEAR TERM...HWJIV
SHORT TERM...NAS
LONG TERM...ELH
AVIATION...GJM
FIRE WEATHER...NAS
HYDROLOGY...NAS











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