Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Little Rock, AR

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FXUS64 KLZK 032051
AFDLZK

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Little Rock AR
251 PM CST Sat Dec 3 2016

.Short Term...Tonight through Monday... The principal weather
concern this afternoon is still the upper level low located over
western North America. Water vapor imagery reveals the low centered
along the Sonoran coast on the Gulf of California, drifting slowly
eastward. Analysis of a diverse set of model data shows fairly good
consistency in moving this low eastward over the next 48 hours into
the Ern OK/Nern Tx region, with the trof becoming negatively tilted.

The low will continue to kick out shortwaves across the area until
it approaches late in the period. Best rain chances will be tonight
through early tomorrow, and again on Monday as the upper level low
approaches.

Midlevel lapse rates will become quite a bit steeper on Monday as
the low approaches the area, and there will be an impressive amount
of upper level difluence to the northeast of the negatively tilted
trof and upper low. Although surface temperatures will remain on the
low side and there will not be much instability in the lower layers,
I have opted to include isolated thunderstorms in the forecast
during the day on Monday due to the aforementioned reasons -
principally for the southeast half of the forecast area.

At the surface the area will remain under the control of high
pressure, and a northerly wind component will continue throughout
the period.

QPF values are always a bit tricky, but under the current scenario
the heaviest rainfall should remain primarily in the southeast, with
average basin values in the one inch range this afternoon and
tonight, with locally higher amounts approaching two inches. Outside
of the southeast rainfall totals will be quite a bit less.

As for aviation concerns...flying weather is going to be rather
lousy for the remainder of the afternoon and tonight for most sites.
LIFR conditions are already present at a number of sites across the
south, with IFR conditions generally across the rest of the south.
By midnight tonight I am anticipating LIFR conditions at all of our
TAF sites.

&&

.LONG TERM...Monday Night Through Saturday...
Widespread rain will be ongoing Monday night as a strong upper
low moves directly over Arkansas after lifting northeast out of
south Texas. The upper low will is also associated with a cold
front that will move through the area between midnight and sunrise
Tuesday. The rain should rapidly end from west to east Tuesday
morning and be completely out of the CWA by noon. Being primarily
north of the warm front, thunder appears unlikely, but if it does
occur it will be across southern portions of the CWA. Strong
storms are NOT expected.

Mostly dry Tuesday night in advance of a reinforcing arctic front
to move though the state Wed...most likely during the afternoon in
Little Rock. Virtually all models are in agreement in bringing some
post frontal precip with the front, so have included pops in the
forecast Wed and Wed night. It`s possible that precip could linger
just long enough Wed night that a brief bout of light snow or
rain/snow mix may occur across the northwestern portions of the
state, and most likely occurring in the higher elevations. At this
point little or no accumulations are expected. However, this bears
watching as temps and timing of this system are difficult to predict
this far out. Regardless, any snow will not last long. It is also
worst noting that the GFS is faster with the frontal passage with
less precip than the ECMWF. The ECMWF actually keeps pops around on
Thu, but this model appears to be the outlier.

Much colder temps anticipated Wed night through the weekend, with
another arctic cold front possible Sunday. Rain may accompany that
front as well. Thu night could be the coldest temps we have
experienced since the winter of 2014-15, since our coldest low at
Little Rock last winter was 22F. Wind chills Thu should stay mainly
in the 20s.

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Batesville AR     41  48  36  46 /  80  40  20  60
Camden AR         45  52  43  51 / 100  60  50  90
Harrison AR       37  48  33  47 /  70  40  10  50
Hot Springs AR    43  50  42  47 /  90  50  30  80
Little Rock   AR  43  49  41  48 /  90  50  30  80
Monticello AR     45  51  45  53 / 100  70  50  90
Mount Ida AR      43  50  39  48 /  80  40  30  80
Mountain Home AR  38  47  34  47 /  70  40  10  50
Newport AR        41  48  37  47 /  90  50  10  60
Pine Bluff AR     44  50  43  50 / 100  60  40  80
Russellville AR   44  50  38  47 /  70  40  20  70
Searcy AR         41  48  38  47 /  90  50  20  70
Stuttgart AR      44  50  42  49 / 100  50  30  80
&&

.LZK Watches/Warnings/Advisories...NONE.
&&

$$

Short Term...53 / Long Term...32


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