Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Twin Cities, MN

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FXUS63 KMPX 172037
AFDMPX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Twin Cities/Chanhassen MN
337 PM CDT Wed May 17 2017

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Thursday)
Issued at 336 PM CDT Wed May 17 2017

A potent upper level wave will bring multiple rounds of storms
capable of producing severe weather. Damaging wind, tornadoes, and
large hail are all possible. These storms will be moving quickly
from the south at speeds near 50 mph.

Early afternoon water vapor imagery together with RAP13 heights and
winds showed a compact upper level PV anomaly across eastern
Nebraska. Forecast models continue to lift this low up across
southern and eastern Minnesota later today.  A surface low will
track along this same path. Since this is vertically stacked system,
the minimum pressure will be fairly steady and may even rise
slightly.

This system is dynamically driven meaning there is very strong
forcing in the presence of a marginal thermodynamic environment.
Storm should develop and move quickly this afternoon and evening. It
appears there will be two waves. The first is currently lifting
across southern MN, and the second is across southwest Iowa and will
rotate northeast later this evening. All modes of severe weather are
possible. Hail and tornadoes are more favored early on, with
damaging wind expected as the low level shear increases later this
evening. Heavy rain is also a threat this evening. Storm will be
moving quickly, but multiple rounds could lead to a few more inches
of rain by the time the system exits the region Thursday morning.
Run accumulation from the HiRes models show local maxima of 2 to 3
inches. Did not issue a flash flood watch due the progressive speed
of the storms, and the fact that any high-end potential flooding
event is very low.

.LONG TERM...(Thursday night through Wednesday)
Issued at 336 PM CDT Wed May 17 2017

By tomorrow evening, a large area of high pressure will be centered
across south central Canada, with dry northeasterly flow at the
surface making its way into Minnesota and cool 850H temps falling to
0 to +2 C.  Meanwhile, a closed upper low will be over the four
corners region and will be our next system of interest.  By Friday
morning the jet will intensify with the streak pointed from near the
TX panhandle pointed into Iowa.  POPs increase from south to north
on Friday as this system begins ejecting northeast and perturbations
in the flow are sent ahead of the main upper trough toward our area.

The main forcing with the large upper trough will arrive early
Saturday, so fully expect rain to be moving through early Saturday
morning from the south, and lasting through the day as the surface
low moves northward directly through our area.  Instability will be
limited to the warm sector so we could see thunderstorms in eastern
Minnesota and western Wisconsin as this lifts through.  As this
system continues on its northeasterly course this Saturday night
into Sunday, we will see northwesterly flow but with conditions
drying out, we should see highs a few degrees warmer than Saturday
(which with plentiful rain will be held in the low to mid 50s).

As we get into early next week, an upper shortwave trough will drop
southeast through Canada and bring more rain chances for early next
week.  This shortwave could support the formation of a deep longwave
trough, but the models diverge quite a bit at this point for our
sensible weather as the ECMWF differs in pushing a ridge in from
the west which would confine the trough to our northeast, and the
end result for us in this area would be different when compared to
some of the other medium range guidance such as the GFS.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Thursday afternoon)
Issued at 204 PM CDT Wed May 17 2017

A frontal boundary will linger across the region for most of the
afternoon and evening. Expect MVFR/IFR CIGS with -RA north of the
frontal boundary today, and -TSRA south of the boundary today. A
surface low will track across southeast MN and central WI. Winds
will become northerly as the low pressure moves through with low
clouds expected to continue overnight and into Thursday.

KMSP...
A few thunderstorms will develop across northern Iowa and lift
northward this afternoon. They should reach KMSP by 22Z. Expect
showers and thunderstorms to continue this evening, with MVFR
conditions developing tonight and lasting through most of
Thursday.

/OUTLOOK FOR KMSP/
Fri...VFR with MVFR/-TSRA possible in afternoon. Wind NE at 10kt
Sat...MVFR/RA with IFR possible. Wind E at 10G20kt
Sun...VFR with MVFR possible. Wind NW at 15G25kt

&&

.MPX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WI...None.
MN...None.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...JRB
LONG TERM...SPD
AVIATION...JRB



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