Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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000
CXUS53 KMQT 281932 AAD
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...FINAL
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
330 PM EDT MON APR 28 2014

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF MARCH 2014...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2014

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              81   03/21/2012
 LOW              -30   03/03/2003
HIGHEST            50   03/10        33      17       47  03/29
LOWEST            -19   03/03        14     -33       -4  03/14
                                                          03/04
AVG. MAXIMUM     27.5              34.7    -7.2     29.4
AVG. MINIMUM      3.8              13.8   -10.0     13.0
MEAN             15.6              24.2    -8.6     21.2
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MAX <= 32     21              12.8     8.2       21
DAYS MIN <= 32     31              29.2     1.8       31
DAYS MIN <= 0      14               4.4     9.6        3

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM         6.08   1979
 MINIMUM         0.28   2010
TOTALS           1.96              3.03   -1.07     3.29
DAILY AVG.       0.06              0.10   -0.04     0.11
DAYS >= .01        16              14.5     1.5       19
DAYS >= .10         8               7.2     0.8        8
DAYS >= .50         1               1.4    -0.4        1
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.6    -0.6        1
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.58   03/27 TO 03/27

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           83.1   2002
                        0
                        0
TOTALS           30.0              34.9    -4.9     48.8
SINCE 7/1       159.5             187.3   -27.8    182.6
SNOWDEPTH AVG.     34                21      13       37
DAYS >= 1.0         9               7.2     1.8       11
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH        41   03/28                         43  03/19
                                                          03/13
                                                          03/17
 24 HR TOTAL      6.5   03/27 TO 03/27

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    1523              1263     260     1350
 SINCE 7/1       8845              7887     958     7660
COOLING TOTAL       0                 0       0        0
 SINCE 1/1          0                 0       0        0
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    34/225    DATE  03/31

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR            0
NUMBER OF DAYS PC              0
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY          0

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               1
HEAVY RAIN                0     RAIN                       1
LIGHT RAIN                1     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          2     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       2
LIGHT SNOW               23     SLEET                      1
FOG                       0     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...MARCH 2014 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
(THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES)

...VERY COLD...
...RECORD COLDEST MARCH AT THE MARQUETTE NWS AND IRONWOOD...
...RECORD COLDEST MARCH AT MUNISING AND MANISTIQUE...
...RECORD COLDEST MARCH AT ONTONAGON...
...SECOND COLDEST MARCH AT IRON MOUNTAIN...
...FOURTH COLDEST MARCH AT HOUGHTON AND NEWBERRY...
...FIFTH COLDEST MARCH AT MARQUETTE CITY...

...NEAR TO BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL...

MARCH CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         15.6     24.2  MINUS    8.6
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    27.5     34.7  MINUS    7.2
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE      3.8     13.8  MINUS   10.0
HEATING DEGREE DAYS         1523     1263   PLUS    260
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0        0             0
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         1.96     3.03  MINUS   1.07
TOTAL SNOWFALL              30.0     34.9  MINUS    4.9

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    50 ON 3/10
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                    -19 ON 3/3
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.58 ON 3/27
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.59 ON 3/27-3/28
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:        6.5 ON 3/27
GREATEST 24 HOUR SNOWFALL:             6.6 ON 3/27-3/28
GREATEST SNOW DEPTH:                    41 ON 3/28
PEAK WIND SPEED:     34 MPH FROM THE SOUTH ON 3/6
             AND 34 MPH FROM THE SOUTHWEST ON 3/31

DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 3/1...6 /OLD RECORD
                                                 8...1962/2009/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE ON 3/2...5 /6...1989/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE TIED ON 3/12...15
                                               /15...1992/2005/
DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE TIED ON 3/16...-16 /-16...1997/
DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE TIED ON 3/25...13 /13...2001/
RECORD LOWEST MARCH MEAN TEMPERATURE...15.6 /16.9...1965/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
03/01/14 DAILY MEAN         601.21/183.25     577.23/175.94
03/31/14 DAILY MEAN         601.15/183.23     577.32/175.97
AVG FEB 2014 DAILY MEAN     601.19/183.24     577.27/175.95
AVG MAR 2013 DAILY MEAN     600.08/182.90     576.23/175.63
LONG TERM MAR DAILY MEAN    601.12/183.22     578.38/176.29
MAXIMUM MAR DAILY MEAN      602.40/183.61     581.10/177.12
                                (1986)           (1986)
MINIMUM MAR DAILY MEAN      599.54/182.74     576.05/175.58
                                (1926)           (1964)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS REMAIN NEARLY STEADY IN MARCH...

DUE TO THE RECORD COLD WEATHER IN DECEMBER THROUGH MARCH...LAKE
SUPERIOR AND MUCH OF NORTHERN LAKE MICHIGAN WERE ALMOST COMPLETELY
ICE COVERED THROUGH MARCH. THE EXTENSIVE ICE COVER AND A NEAR
ABSENCE OF EVAPORATION IN THE PERSISTENTLY COLD WEATHER PATTERN
CAUSED THE LAKES TO REMAIN NEARLY STEADY THROUGH THE MONTH. AT THE
END OF MARCH...LAKES MICHIGAN/HURON WERE STILL ALMOST 13 INCHES
UNDER THE LONG TERM AVERAGE...WHILE LAKE SUPERIOR WAS AT A NEAR
NORMAL LEVEL. COMPARED TO THE END OF MARCH IN 2013...THE LEVEL ON
LAKES MICHIGAN/HURON WAS ABOUT 13 INCHES HIGHER ON 3/31 IN 2014.
LAKE SUPERIOR WAS ALSO ABOUT 13 INCHES HIGHER IN MARCH 2014 AS IN
2013.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                       MARCH CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...61 AT STONINGTON IN DELTA COUNTY
                                AND MENOMINEE ON 3/10

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...-34 AT WAKEFIELD IN GOGEBIC COUNTY
                               ON 3/3

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...20.4 DEGREES AT HARVEY IN MARQUETTE
                               COUNTY

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...11.0 DEGREES AT WATTON IN BARAGA
                              COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...2.54 INCHES AT GLADSTONE IN DELTA
                                 COUNTY

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...0.93 INCH AT IRON MOUNTAIN

HIGHEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...35.4 INCHES AT HERMAN IN BARAGA COUNTY

GREATEST SNOW DEPTH...57 INCHES AT PAINESDALE ON 3/28

LOWEST MONTHLY SNOWFALL...9.0 INCHES AT IRON MOUNTAIN

THE SAME SHARP WESTERN NORTH AMERICAN RIDGE AND DEEP EASTERN TROUGH
THAT DOMINATED THE WEATHER PATTERN AND BROUGHT RECORD OR NEAR RECORD
COLD TO UPPER MICHIGAN IN DECEMBER THROUGH FEBRUARY PERSISTED
THROUGH MARCH...BRINGING ANOTHER VERY COLD MONTH TO THE U.P. AS THE
NORTHWEST FLOW BETWEEN THESE UPPER FEATURES DELIVERED FREQUENT
ARCTIC AIR INVASIONS TO THE NORTH CENTRAL STATES. EXTENSIVE ICE
COVER ON THE UPPER GREAT LAKES RELATED TO THE NOTABLE CHILL OBSERVED
FROM DECEMBER INTO MARCH ALSO LIMITED THE MODERATING INFLUENCE THESE
BODIES OF WATER OFTEN HAVE ON UPPER MICHIGAN TEMPERATURES. MEAN
MONTHLY TEMPERATURES BETWEEN 11 AND 20 DEGREES RAN 9 TO 13 DEGREES
BELOW THE LONG TERM MARCH AVERAGE AND WERE LOW ENOUGH TO EARN MARCH
2014 A SPOT IN THE LIST OF TOP FIVE COLDEST THIRD MONTHS ON RECORD.
IN FACT AT IRONWOOD...MUNISING...MANISTIQUE...ONTONAGON AND THE
MARQUETTE NWS OFFICE IN MARQUETTE COUNTY...MARCH 2014 GOES DOWN IN
THE RECORD BOOKS AS THE COLDEST MARCH SINCE OBSERVATIONS BEGAN AT
THOSE LOCATIONS. ON AVERAGE...MARCH WAS 6 TO 12 DEGREES WARMER THAN
FEBRUARY DUE TO INCREASING DAYLIGHT AND SOLAR ANGLE. BUT SINCE
PERSISTENT SNOW COVER SLOWED THE WARMING OF THE GROUND AND THE
MODERATION OF THE DEEP FROST DEPTH...SHALLOW WATER PIPES REMAINED
SUSCEPTIBLE TO FREEZING. AS WAS THE CASE IN FEBRUARY...MANY HOMES IN
THE U.P. SAW A DISRUPTION OF WATER SERVICE IN MARCH.

DURING THE COLDEST PERIODS FROM 3/1 THROUGH 3/5...3/12 INTO 3/13...
3/15 INTO 3/16 AND 3/23 INTO 3/26...MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED
15 TO 25 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE. NUMEROUS NEW RECORD LOW MAXIMUM AND
MINIMUM TEMPERATURES WERE ESTABLISHED DURING THESE COLDER TIMES...
WHEN SUB-ZERO LOW TEMPERATURES WERE COMMON. IN FACT...AT MANY
LOCATIONS THERE WERE MORE SUB-ZERO LOW TEMPERATURES IN MARCH 2014
THAN IN ANY PREVIOUS MARCH. ON 15 DAYS DURING THE MONTH...MANISTIQUE
AND IRON MOUNTAIN REPORTED A SUB-ZERO LOW TEMPERATURE...WELL ABOVE
THE PREVIOUS RECORD OF 9 AND 11 DAYS AT EACH LOCATION RESPECTIVELY.
THE MERCURY FELL UNDER -30 DURING THE MORNING ON 3/3 AT SEVERAL OF
THE INTERIOR COLD SPOTS...INCLUDING THE MONTHLY LOW OF -34 AT
WAKEFIELD IN GOGEBIC COUNTY. STAMBAUGH IN IRON COUNTY AND STONINGTON
IN DELTA COUNTY WERE CLOSE BEHIND WITH A MINIMUM READING OF -33. AT
LEAST ONE LOCATION IN UPPER MICHIGAN REPORTED A LOW TEMPERATURE OF
-10 OR LOWER ON 3/1 THROUGH 3/3...3/5...3/6...3/12...3/13...3/16...
3/17 AND 3/23 THROUGH 3/26. NO DOUBT...THE EXTENSIVE ICE COVER ON
THE GREAT LAKES WAS AT LEAST PARTIALLY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ANOMALOUS
CHILL.

WHEN THE DEEP TROUGH IN EAST CENTRAL NORTH AMERICA RELAXED...THERE
WERE BREAKS IN THE COLD. MANY LOCATIONS SAW THEIR FIRST 50-DEGREE
TEMPERATURES SINCE OCTOBER OR NOVEMBER ON 3/10...A DAY WHEN THE MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURE PEAKED AT UP TO 15 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. THE
THERMOMETER EVEN REACHED 60 AT A FEW SPOTS OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL ON
3/10...INCLUDING THE MONTHLY HIGH OF 61 AT MENOMINEE AND STONINGTON.
ANOTHER WARMER SPELL OF WEATHER THAT FEATURED HIGHS IN THE 50S
OCCURRED AT THE END OF MARCH...WHEN AN UPPER RIDGE TEMPORARILY BUILT
INTO THE GREAT LAKES. A LOCATION JUST INLAND FROM ONTONAGON REPORTED
A HIGH TEMPERATURE OF 57 ON 3/30.

MOST LOCATIONS RECORDED BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL IN
MARCH. THE CAUSE WAS THE GENERAL NORTHWEST FLOW ALOFT THAT SHUNTED
MOST OF THE MOISTURE-LADEN LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS THAT DEVELOPED IN
THE PLAINS TO THE SOUTH OF THE UPPER LAKES. THE EXTENSIVE ICE COVER
ON LAKE SUPERIOR ALSO GREATLY LIMITED LAKE EFFECT SNOWS. SINCE COLD
AIR WAS SO DOMINANT...MUCH OF THE MARCH PRECIPITATION FELL AS SNOW.

ONE AREA THAT DID SEE HEAVIER-THAN-NORMAL PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL
IN MARCH WAS A CORRIDOR OVER THE EAST CENTRAL FROM MUNISING TO NEAR
ESCANABA...MAINLY SINCE THIS AREA WAS MOST IMPACTED BY ONE OF THE
LARGER STORMS TO HIT THE U.P. ON 3/27. MONTHLY PRECIPITATION AND
SNOWFALL EXCEEDED 2 INCHES AND 2 FEET RESPECTIVELY IN THIS AREA...
ABOUT 115 TO 135 PERCENT OF THE MARCH AVERAGES. ALTHOUGH HEAVIER
SNOW IN EXCESS OF 30 INCHES FELL OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE
NORTH CENTRAL...THESE TOTALS ARE A BIT BELOW THE MONTHLY NORMAL IN
THIS REGION. IRON MOUNTAIN REPORTED THE LOWEST MARCH PRECIPITATION
AND SNOWFALL...WITH TOTALS OF ONLY 0.93 INCH AND 9.0 INCHES...55
PERCENT AND 77 PERCENT OF THE MARCH AVERAGE RESPECTIVELY.

MOST OF THE SNOW AND PRECIPITATION FELL THE SECOND HALF OF MARCH
FROM 3/17 THROUGH 3/27...WHEN SEVERAL STRONGER DISTURBANCES MOVING
THROUGH THE CENTRAL UNITED STATES ALLOWED THREE DEEPER LOW PRESSURE
SYSTEMS TO TRACK FARTHER NORTH INTO THE UPPER LAKES. THE FIRST OF
THESE LOWS MOVED THROUGH THE GREAT LAKES ON 3/18 AND 3/19. TOTAL
SNOWFALL FROM LATE ON 3/17 THROUGH 3/19 RANGED FROM JUST A FEW
INCHES ACROSS THE SOUTH CENTRAL TO AROUND 10 INCHES OVER THE HIGHER
TERRAIN OF THE WEST...WITH AS MUCH AS 10.4 INCHES AT IRONWOOD.
ANOTHER ALBERTA CLIPPER-TYPE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM MOVED THROUGH
WISCONSIN AND NORTHERN LOWER MICHIGAN ON 3/21. BY THE TIME THE
PRECIPITATION DIMINISHED IN THE EARLY MORNING HOURS ON 3/22...MOST
LOCATIONS AWAY FROM THE SOUTH CENTRAL HAD PICKED UP 3 TO 5 INCHES OF
NEW SNOW. NO MORE THAN AN INCH OR TWO ACCUMULATED OVER THE SOUTH
CENTRAL. THE STRONGEST OF THE THREE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEMS MOVED FROM
THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY ON 3/27 INTO NORTHERN LOWER
MICHIGAN ON 3/28...DROPPING HEAVY WET SNOW ON UPPER MICHIGAN. STORM
TOTAL SNOWFALL RANGED FROM 2 TO 4 INCHES OVER THE FAR WEST AROUND
IRONWOOD AND ONTONAGON TO AS MUCH AS 10 INCHES OR MORE AT SOME
LOCATIONS IN DELTA AND ALGER COUNTIES. GLADSTONE IN DELTA COUNTY
REPORTED ABOUT A FOOT OF SNOW AND 1.35 INCHES OF WATER EQUIVALENT
PRECIPITATION ON 3/27 INTO EARLY 3/28. GRAND MARAIS IN ALGER COUNTY
WAS CLOSE BEHIND WITH 10.8 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF AND 1.16 INCHES
OF LIQUID EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION. FOLLOWING THIS LATE MARCH WINTER
STORM...THE SNOW DEPTH AT PAINESDALE IN HOUGHTON COUNTY REACHED 57
INCHES AND 54 INCHES AT GRAND MARAIS ON 3/28.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
    ...RECORD NUMBER OF SUB-ZERO LOW TEMPERATURE DAYS IN MARCH...

               OBSERVED   NORMAL   DEPARTURE   RECORD /OR PREVIOUS/

MANISTIQUE        15        2         13          9 /1971 & 1989/

IRON MOUNTAIN     15        3         12         11 /1960 & 1989/

HOUGHTON          13        2         11         11 /2003/

NEWBERRY          13        2         11         11 /1900 & 1905/

IRONWOOD          14        4         10         12 /1965 & 1969/

MARQUETTE NWS     14        5          9         11 /2003/

MUNISING          10        3          7         13 /1916/

MARQUETTE CITY     6        1          5         14 /1885/

---------------------------------------------------------------------
       ...TOP 5 COLDEST MARCH ACROSS MOST OF UPPER MICHIGAN...

                  ...MARCH 2014 MEAN TEMPERATURE...

              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE     RECORD       2014 RANK
                                          /OR PREVIOUS/

MARQUETTE NWS   15.6     24.2      -8.6    16.9 /1965/ RECORD COLDEST

MUNISING        14.7     27.7     -13.0    15.6 /1923/ RECORD COLDEST

MANISTIQUE      15.4     27.1     -11.7    17.7 /1899/ RECORD COLDEST

IRONWOOD        14.3     25.1     -10.8    16.1 /1996/ RECORD COLDEST

IRON MOUNTAIN   17.4     27.9     -10.5    16.9 /1899/    2ND COLDEST

HOUGHTON        15.2     25.2     -10.0    13.2 /1888/    4TH COLDEST

NEWBERRY        16.4     26.8     -10.4    15.7 /1923/    4TH COLDEST

MARQUETTE CITY  17.5     29.0     -11.4    12.3 /1885/    5TH COLDEST
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                ...VERY COLD DECEMBER THROUGH MARCH...

           ...DECEMBER 2013-MARCH 2014 MEAN TEMPERATURE...

              OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE   RECORD      2013-14 RANK
                                         /OR PREVIOUS/

MUNISING        12.0     22.0    -10.0  12.4 /1919-20/ RECORD COLDEST

IRON MOUNTAIN    9.8     19.7     -9.9  12.7 /1903-04/ RECORD COLDEST

IRONWOOD         7.5     17.1     -9.6  10.3 /1903-04/ RECORD COLDEST

NEWBERRY        11.7     21.2     -9.5  13.9 /1898-99/ RECORD COLDEST

MANISTIQUE      12.4     21.9     -9.5  16.1 /1958-59/ RECORD COLDEST

HOUGHTON        10.7     19.5     -8.8  12.4 /1911-12/ RECORD COLDEST

MARQUETTE NWS    9.6     18.0     -8.4  12.2 /1962-63/ RECORD COLDEST

MARQUETTE CITY  13.9     23.1     -9.2  11.5 /1884-85/    3RD COLDEST
---------------------------------------------------------------------
SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN MARCH 2014 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 14.3 (10.8 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 1.94 INCHES (0.04 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 26.4 INCHES (1.5 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.24 INCHES
                              SNOWFALL 18.7 INCHES

ONTONAGON...SNOWFALL 15.1 INCHES

ONTONAGON...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.9 (9.0 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
 (6 MILES   PRECIPITATION 1.87 INCHES (0.14 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
  INLAND)   SNOWFALL 13.5 INCHES (5.4 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 19.0 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 1.68 INCHES
                               SNOWFALL 18.5 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 22.4 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 15.2 (10.0 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 1.28 INCHES (0.28 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
                  SNOWFALL 16.9 INCHES (2.3 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.55 INCHES
                                  SNOWFALL 23.5 INCHES

PAINESDALE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...SNOWFALL 29.1 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.4 DEGREES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.5 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.46 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 16.1 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.3 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 1.47 INCHES
         SNOWFALL 19.1 INCHES

WATTON (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 15.7 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.82 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 17.1 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 11.0 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.79 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 35.4 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 11.4 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.66 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 21.2 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.2 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 1.93 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 22.2 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.6 (11.4 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                 PRECIPITATION 1.70 INCHES (0.30 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
                 SNOWFALL 18.8 INCHES (2.9 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

HARVEY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 20.4 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 1.81 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 24.6 INCHES

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 14.4 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 1.76 INCHES
                         SNOWFALL 20.7 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 14.7 (13.0 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.33 INCHES (0.24 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 25.5 INCHES (6.7 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

GRAND MARAIS...PRECIPITATION 2.37 INCHES
(10 MILES SOUTH) SNOWFALL 29.6 INCHES

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 16.4 (10.4 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 1.26 INCHES (1.01 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)
           SNOWFALL 14.0 INCHES (3.9 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.2 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 1.17 INCHES
                          SNOWFALL 11.9 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.29 INCHES
                      SNOWFALL 14.6 INCHES

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.4 (10.5 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                PRECIPITATION 0.93 INCH (0.72 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
                SNOWFALL 9.0 INCHES (1.6 INCHES BELOW NORMAL)

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 17.6 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 1.27 INCHES
                            SNOWFALL 12.3 INCHES

DAGGETT (MENOMINEE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 1.50 INCHES
                             SNOWFALL 12.0 INCHES

ESCANABA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 18.9 DEGREES
           PRECIPITATION 2.14 INCHES
           SNOWFALL 16.8 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.54 INCHES
                           SNOWFALL 26.3 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 12.9 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 1.56 INCHES
                                SNOWFALL 16.7 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 15.4 (11.7 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
             PRECIPITATION 1.29 INCHES (0.50 INCH BELOW NORMAL)
             SNOWFALL 12.0 INCHES (1.2 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

                           MAY FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING A GREATER THAN
CLIMATOLOGICAL CHANCE OF A BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE BUT
AN EQUAL CHANCE OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER
ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN MAY 2014.

                          MAY CLIMATOLOGY

MAY BRINGS A CONTINUED MODERATION IN TEMPERATURE AS DAYLIGHT
CONTINUES TO LENGTHEN. POSSIBLE SUNSHINE INCREASES FROM 863 MINUTES
ON 5/1 TO 932 MINUTES ON 5/31. THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE IN MAY IS 12
TO 13 DEGREES HIGHER THAN IN APRIL. ALTHOUGH AVERAGE HIGH
TEMPERATURES REACH AROUND 70 BY MEMORIAL DAY OVER INLAND AREAS...
THE RELATIVELY COLD WATERS OF THE GREAT LAKES OFTEN KEEP SHORE
COMMUNITIES UP TO 20 DEGREES COOLER IN THE AFTERNOON. MORNING
TEMPERATURES FREQUENTLY SLIP BELOW FREEZING AT THE BEGINNING OF
MAY...BUT AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURES RISE ABOVE 40 AFTER MID MONTH.

THE INCREASE IN AVERAGE TEMPERATURE RESULTS IN A GREATER THREAT OF
SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS. AVERAGE PRECIPITATION IS 10 TO 40 PERCENT
HIGHER THAN IN APRIL...WITH THE GREATEST AMOUNTS MOST LIKELY NEAR
THE WISCONSIN BORDER WHERE THE STABILIZING INFLUENCE OF THE GREAT
LAKES IS LESS.

MAY IS GENERALLY A TEMPERATE MONTH...BUT WINTER CHILL IS STILL
POSSIBLE. ALTHOUGH AVERAGE TEMPERATURES RISE SHARPLY...FROST OFTEN
OCCURS AT THE END OF MAY AS RECORD LOW TEMPERATURES REMAIN BELOW
FREEZING THE ENTIRE MONTH AT MANY LOCATIONS. NEWBERRY SAW THE
MERCURY PLUNGE ALL THE WAY TO 19 AS LATE AS 5/24...IN 1925. MAY 1997
GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS ONE OF THE COLDEST EVER AT ALL
REPORTING STATIONS WITH MONTHLY TEMPERATURES AS MUCH AS SEVEN TO
EIGHT DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. IN FACT...THIS MONTH IS THE COLDEST
FIFTH MONTH EVER AT MANISTIQUE (AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 44.4)...IRON
MOUNTAIN (45.9) AND ONTONAGON (46.6) AS WELL AS IN THE TOP TEN
COLDEST AT MOST OTHER UPPER MICHIGAN LOCATIONS. EVEN MORE
RECENTLY...MAY 2002 LANDED IN THE LIST OF TOP TEN COLDEST. MONTHLY
TEMPERATURES IN MAY 2002 AVERAGED 5 TO 7 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL AT
MOST SITES. AT MUNISING...THE MERCURY AVERAGED 9 DEGREES BELOW
NORMAL (41.5) AND THE MONTH GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS THE
COLDEST MAY EVER. AT STATIONS WITH A LONGER TERM RECORD...MAY 1954
STANDS OUT AS VERY CHILLY...IN FACT THE COLDEST EVER AT THE HOUGHTON
COUNTY AIRPORT (41.8)...WHEN MONTHLY TEMPERATURES FELL OVER EIGHT
DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.

SNOW CAN STILL PLAGUE UPPER MICHIGAN DURING MAY. A LATE SEASON
SNOWSTORM OCCURRED IN CENTRAL UPPER MICHIGAN ON 5/9-5/10/90...WHEN
AN IMPRESSIVE 22.4 INCHES OF HEAVY WET SNOW FELL AT THE MARQUETTE
NWS...11 INCHES BLANKETED IRON MOUNTAIN...AND 7 INCHES FELL ON
MUNISING. DURING THE CHILLY MAY 1997...13 INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF
ACCUMULATED AT ONTONAGON ON 5/12 AND 11.3 INCHES SMOTHERED IRONWOOD.
NEWBERRY WAS STRUCK BY AN EVEN LATER MAY SNOWSTORM...10 INCHES
ACCUMULATED THERE ON 5/23 AND 5/24 BACK IN 1917. MEASURABLE SNOW AS
LATE AS MEMORIAL DAY IS NOT UNPRECEDENTED...IRONWOOD RECORDED 3.7
INCHES OF SNOW ON 5/28/65.

ALTHOUGH SNOW CAN STILL FALL IN MAY...SPRING HEAT WAVES CAN ALSO
BRING MID SUMMER HEAT TO UPPER MICHIGAN. ON 5/31 IN 1934...BOTH IRON
MOUNTAIN AND IRONWOOD RECORDED MONTHLY RECORD 100 DEGREE HIGH
TEMPERATURES. RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES ARE IN THE 90S EVERYWHERE BY
MONTHS` END...EXCEPT AT MANISTIQUE WHERE A SOUTHERLY FLOW OFF LAKE
MICHIGAN OFTEN KEEPS AFTERNOON MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES FROM GETTING AS
HIGH AS FARTHER INLAND. MAY 1977 AND 1998 ARE THE WARMEST MAYS IN
RECENT MEMORY. MAY 1977 IS THE WARMEST ON RECORD AT IRON MOUNTAIN
(62.4)...THE MARQUETTE NWS (59.4)...THE HOUGHTON COUNTY AIRPORT
(58.1) AND MUNISING (57.5). MAY 1998 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS
AS THE WARMEST ON RECORD AT NEWBERRY (59.1) AND IN THE TOP FIVE
WARMEST AT MANY OTHER PLACES. MAY 2000 SAW A VERY SUMMERLIKE WEEK IN
THE EARLY PART OF THE MONTH...AND TEMPERATURES AVERAGED 20 DEGREES
ABOVE NORMAL AT MANY LOCATIONS BETWEEN 5/3 AND 5/8. BARAGA SAW THE
MERCURY REACH 90 ON 5/5/2000...AND THE MARQUETTE NWS BROKE FOUR
DAILY RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURES DURING THAT 6-DAY STRETCH. IN FACT...
THE WEEK BETWEEN 5/3/00 AND 5/8/00 IS THE WARMEST 6-DAY PERIOD ON
RECORD IN EARLY MAY AT THE MARQUETTE NWS. MORE RECENTLY...MAY 2010
FEATURED A MEAN MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 3 TO 5 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL.

                         OUTLOOK FOR SUMMER

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING EQUAL CHANCES OF
AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH MEAN TEMPERATURE AS WELL AS ABOVE
AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
JUNE THROUGH AUGUST 2014.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC





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