Area Forecast Discussion
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000
FXUS62 KKEY 161900
AFDKEY

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Key West FL
200 PM EST Sat Dec 16 2017

.DISCUSSION...In the middle and upper levels(700-200 mb), latest
satellite imagery overlaid with model streamline analysis as of
200 pm depict a deepening middle and upper longwave trough now
over the Western CONUS with an embedded sharpening positively
tilted trough axis oriented from Saskatchewan to just offshore of
Southern California and a developing upper cyclone over SW New
Mexico. Downstream of that, middle and upper height rises are
evident over the SE United States as a deep and warm anticyclone
centered just over Jamaica builds northwards.

At the surface and in the lower to middle levels,(Surface-700 mb),
latest satellite imagery overlaid with surface land and marine
observations and analysis as of 200 pm detail a 993 mb surface
low southeast of Newfoundland trailing a cold front southwest to
across Central Florida. Back behind that feature, the near 1030
mb center of an east to west oriented ridge is located near
Atlanta, with the ridge intensifying a bit more and earlier than
anticipated by the models.

.CURRENTLY...As of 200 pm, satellite imagery detects wisps of
cirrus scattered overhead with no other clouds below that. Despite
near breezy to breezy conditions, temperatures have struggled to
reach the middle 70s, with dewpoints in the lower 60s, at this
hour along the island chain. C-man stations are recording
sustained northeast winds near 15 knots along the Florida Reef,
with island sensors near 15 mph over land.

.SHORT TERM...Tonight thru Wednesday , middle and upper height
rises are indicated as large middle and upper ridge builds
northward across the SE United States out of the Caribbean. The
surface ridge across Central MS/AL/GA will build eastwards and
continue to intensify overnight. As such near breezy/breezy
conditions this afternoon across the islands and surrounding
waters will become breezy/windy conditions this evening. The high
will remain in place during Sunday and Sunday night, then slide
southwards to North Florida Monday and Monday Night, then down to
Central Florida by Tuesday and Tuesday Night, then just north of
the Florida Keys on Wednesday.

Latest available model forecast soundings illustrate a slight
uptick in boundary layer moisture and given increased near surface
convergence, reinserted a dime pop in the grids beginning
tomorrow, for typical late night early morning brief showers. High
temperatures will reach around 80 tomorrow and Monday, and into
the lower 80s by Tuesday and Wednesday, with lows near 70 tonight
and tomorrow night, and only into the lower 70s Monday and Tuesday
night, with the ol dewpoint rising back to near 70. Return to
tropical feel in as we approach the apex of the Holiday period

&&

.LONG TERM...Wednesday night through Saturday, heights are still
indicated to remain above normal over Florida with no surface
frontal progged to get down into the Keys. Elevated temperatures
will be several degrees above normal for hi and lo temperatures.
Given slightly more low level moisture, will maintain the dime pop
already in the grids, but a shower, if any will be very brief and
fleeting.

&&

.MARINE...Small craft advisory conditions expected across all
waters tonight except GMZ031-032-035, with SCEC expected except
across Florida Bay. SCA appear likely again across all of the
Florida Straits for Sunday and Sunday Night, with SCEC likely and
SCA still very possible across the rest of the waters again,
except the shallower GMZ031-032-035 waters. SCEC conditions seem
likely across the Straits again Monday and Monday Night, though
winds and seas begin to come down, and all headlines and
advisories not anticipated Tuesday onward.

&&

.AVIATION...VFR conditions expected overnight at both the KEYW and
KMTH island terminals, with NE-E winds averaging between 12 and
15 knots with gusts near 20 at the surface, becoming E during the
evening. Winds will average above 20 knots right off the surface.

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Key West 71 82 74 82 / - 10 10 10
Marathon 72 81 74 81 / - 10 10 10

&&

.KEY WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
FL...None.
GM...Small Craft Advisory from 5 PM this afternoon to 5 AM EST Sunday
     for GMZ033-034-042>044-052>055-072>075.

&&

$$

Public/Marine...Futterman
Aviation/Nowcasts....Futterman
Upper Air/Data Collection......Rizzo/KN

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