Area Forecast Discussion
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FXUS62 KTAE 222224

524 PM EST Mon Dec 22 2014

...Severe Weather and Flooding Remain Possible Across the Region
on Tuesday and Wednesday...

...Updated for Dense Fog Advisory...

.Near Term [Through Tonight]...
Quick update to the forecast for tonight to add areas of dense fog
into the forecast and issue a dense fog advisory. Visibilities have
dropped into the 1/4 to 1/2 mile range at several reporting sites,
and hi-res guidance forecasts this to continue through the night. In
fact, if the hi-res guidance is correct, the dense fog advisory may
need to be expanded later tonight. Otherwise, intermittent rain
showers with isolated thunderstorms are also possible through the
night. We saw a rare case today where there were actually
thunderstorms occurring near areas of dense fog thanks to an
unstable layer above the surface inversion. It`s not too often that
one sees a combination of dense fog and isolated thunderstorms in
the forecast grids around here. Previous discussion is appended

The warm front progression has slowed slightly. It has moved
slightly north of its 12Z position, still in the southeastern
third of our forecast area. Convection has been the most
persistent today right along this frontal boundary with showers in
our northern counties tapering off briefly, but now redeveloping.
Water vapor imagery shows a dry slot roughly from DTS to DHN with
developing thunderstorms to the east in Srn Walton county.
Forecast remains on track for intermittent rain showers with
isolated thunderstorms this evening and overnight. Cloud cover and
rainfall will keep daytime temperatures low, peaking in the 50s in
SE Alabama and SW Georgia, 60s in Florida. Overnight, temperatures
will stay fairly close to their daytime maximum with persistent
cloud cover expected. With such high moisture in the area, fog is
expected to develop again overnight, similar to last night/this


[Through 00Z Wednesday] Poor conditions will prevail through the
period with frequent LIFR ceilings and visibility overnight.
Visibility will improve some after sunrise on Tuesday, but then
showers and thunderstorms are expected to develop in the
afternoon, some of which may be severe.


.Prev Discussion [436 PM EST]...

.Short Term [Tuesday Through Wednesday Night]...
A very active Tues-Wed period is expected with the threat of severe
storms and heavy rain as a very large upper level trough and strong
cold front move through the region. The severe weather threat
looks a little more impressive locally than it did 24 hours ago
as models seem to have trended a little stronger with the low-
level jet compared to previously, which in turn will increase the
low-level shear. Ironically, the two main threats (flooding and
severe storms) are competing against each other for dominance in
this scenario. Because widespread showers and thunderstorms are
expected to develop during the day on Tuesday, instability may be
a bit more limited than it would otherwise be with this kind of
system. This may act to keep the severe weather threat from
becoming a significant and widespread event, but there will still
likely be a threat Tuesday afternoon of isolated tornadoes and a
straight line wind/isolated tornado threat overnight Tuesday night
into Wednesday morning with the main squall line. Mid-level lapse
rates are also impressive for this time of year initially. If for
some reason we do not get a lot of widespread convection during
the day on Tuesday, then instability could climb unseasonably high
and discrete supercells with a stronger tornado risk would be
possible. On the other hand, our overall rainfall amounts would be
lower in that scenario.

In terms of flooding, this system is very large and has a
connection with the subtropical jet, which can be seen on a
hemispheric view of water vapor imagery with a plume stretching
back into the eastern Pacific. Precipitable water values are
forecast to rise into the 1.8-1.9" range by Tuesday evening, which
would be just below the December record for TLH. In addition,
forecast soundings viewed in BUFKIT are favorable for training
convection. Several hi-res models respond by cranking out several
inches of rain across the area in a fairly short amount of time.
The overall size of the system, its connection to the subtropical
jet and available moisture, and the favorable forecast soundings
for training convection argue in favor of continuing the flash
flood watch. Overall rainfall amounts have not changed a whole lot
from the previous forecast with storm totals through Wednesday of
3 to 5 inches across the area. Localized amounts over 6 inches are

.Long Term [Thursday Through Monday]...
The first part of the forecast is expected to be dry with seasonal
temperatures behind the strong cold front on Wednesday. The next
system could arrive by the weekend with a chance of rain.

Winds will steadily increase over the next couple of days as a
strong cold front approaches. Advisory conditions are likely
starting late Tuesday afternoon and lasting through Wednesday night
with improving conditions on Thursday. Boating conditions are
expected to become quite hazardous on Wednesday and Wednesday night
with seas peaking at 8 to 10 feet.

.Fire Weather...
A very wet pattern will be in place through Wednesday night. This
will prevent red flag conditions for the remainder of the period.

Overall, there has not been much change to the forecast. We are
still expecting a large area of 3-5 inches of rain across the
forecast area with localized amounts of 6+ inches possible through
Wednesday. The axis of heaviest rain has been shifted slightly
farther to the west and now runs from near Panama City up into
southern Georgia. The most likely areas for flooding will be low
lying and poor drainage areas.


.Preliminary Point Temps/PoPs...

Tallahassee   58  72  65  71  44 /  40 100 100  80  10
Panama City   60  71  66  69  46 /  40 100 100  70  10
Dothan        54  71  64  69  40 /  50 100 100  70  10
Albany        51  71  64  67  42 /  40 100 100  80  10
Valdosta      57  73  65  73  45 /  40 100  90  90  20
Cross City    64  73  66  73  48 /  40  60  90  90  20
Apalachicola  63  69  66  70  47 /  40  90 100  80  10


.TAE Watches/Warnings/Advisories...

FL...Flash Flood Watch from Tuesday morning through Wednesday evening
     for Calhoun-Central Walton-Coastal Bay-Coastal Dixie-
     Coastal Franklin-Coastal Gulf-Coastal Jefferson-Coastal
     Taylor-Coastal Wakulla-Gadsden-Holmes-Inland Bay-Inland
     Dixie-Inland Franklin-Inland Gulf-Inland Jefferson-Inland
     Taylor-Inland Wakulla-Inland Walton-Jackson-Lafayette-Leon-
     Liberty-Madison-South Walton-Washington.

GA...Flash Flood Watch from Tuesday morning through Wednesday evening
     for Baker-Ben Hill-Berrien-Brooks-Calhoun-Clay-Colquitt-

     Dense Fog Advisory until 8 AM EST Tuesday for Baker-Ben Hill-

AL...Flash Flood Watch from Tuesday morning through Wednesday
     afternoon for Coffee-Dale-Geneva-Henry-Houston.

     Dense Fog Advisory until 7 AM CST Tuesday for Coffee-Dale-Geneva-




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