Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Chicago, IL

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FXUS63 KLOT 152011

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Chicago/Romeoville, IL
311 PM CDT Thu Mar 15 2018

215 PM CDT

Tonight through Friday...

Little of concern in the near term portion of the forecast this
afternoon, with the only item of note being the passage of a weak
cold front/lake breeze combo sagging through northeast IL and
northwest IN. This will produce cooler (mid-upper 30`s) northeast
winds for counties adjacent to the Lake, while areas farther
inland continue to enjoy 45-50 degree weather through the rest of
the afternoon.

Surface high pressure across Manitoba and western Ontario will
drift southeast to the upper Midwest and northern Lakes tonight,
with weaker surface ridging pushing east across the forecast
area overnight. East winds persist and will keep things a little
cooler Friday, with temperatures only in the upper 30`s again over
far northeast IL, and lower 40`s for the most part well inland and
south of I-80. High clouds will increase during the day as a low
pressure system develops across the Plains to our west, and will
slowly lower and thicken from the west by evening. Precip
potential looks to hold off until Friday night for most of the
cwa, though have included some slight chance pops late in the
afternoon across the far southwest where a few showers could
sneak in toward evening.



310 PM CDT

Friday night through Thursday...

Friday Night Wintry Mix Potential:

The main concern continues to be the threat for a wintry mix of
freezing rain and sleet and possibly snow from Friday evening
into early Saturday. Overall thinking and uncertainty with this
event haven`t changed substantially from the previous forecast
issuance. Any travel impacts may be limited to elevated/colder
surfaces due to well above freezing air and pavement temps on

The initially stout closed mid-upper level system will
dampen/weaken as it tracks east Friday night. Nonetheless, there
will be sufficient large scale and mesoscale (frontogenetically
driven) forcing to spread precipitation (possibly somewhat banded
in nature) northward into the region during the evening. The
northward advance of precip will be fighting dry air due to east-
northeasterly boundary layer flow north of the weakening surface
low that will track well to our south, which could delay precip
start time toward midnight or later in parts of NE IL.

Main questions regarding trends into the overnight include liquid
equivalent precipitation amounts given the weakening of the
system and spread in the guidance, temperature response to low
level wet bulbing as well as onshore flow particularly into IL
shore including Chicago, and specific p-types. Regarding liquid
equivalent precipitation amounts, while there is fairly
substantial spread in the ensembles especially with northeastward
extent, among the operational guidance the 12z 12km NAM appeared
to be a wet outlier. Kept total QPF amounts at roughly 0.25 to 0.4
inch in the southwest half of the CWA. There could also be a
sharp cut- off where little or no precip occurs over far northeast
Illinois due to the dry air and weakening of the system.

With east-northeasterly surface winds and sub-freezing web bulbs
near the surface beneath a melting layer aloft with partial to
full melting likely, it appears the area could be in for a mix of
freezing rain and sleet, with freezing rain favored as winter
p-type south of I-90 anywhere surface temps are supportive (~32F
or less). Snow is also possible over far northern IL late Friday
night. There continues to be questions as to the extent of the
freezing rain potential across far southern areas well south of
I-80 as surface temperatures could become marginal, or even remain
just above freezing through the night. If this were to occur,
there would be little if any wintry precipitation in these areas.

Farther north towards the I-80 corridor, it appears that freezing rain
and sleet continues to be a real possibility despite it being late
in the season. The surface temperatures are progged to be at or
just below freezing around and north of the I-80 corridor, so it
does appear probable that at least some minor freezing rain and
sleet accumulation could occur Friday night. A likely exception to
this will be in the city of Chicago with onshore winds from Lake
Michigan with water temps in mid to upper 30s along with urban
heat island effect. However, even where air temps are cold enough,
any accumulations could end up being limited to colder elevated
and grassy surfaces due to the possibility or even likelihood of
warmer road temperatures after starting with partly cloudy skies
on Friday. For reference, ORD City OPS data indicated runway temps
at ORD around mid day today in the mid 70s.

Uncertainty is therefore high with regards to the extent of
accumulations at this stage, particularly as they relate to any
road/travel impacts. It could very well be the case that impacts
are exclusive to elevated/colder surfaces, but since we do not
forecast pavement temps, this is not something that can be said
with high confidence. The current forecast indicates very light
sleet/snow accums 1/2" or less generally I-80 and north and ice
accretion amounts up to one tenth of an inch or so (slightly
higher up to ~0.15 in spots) in a corridor from near Sterling and
Rochelle southeastward to Kankakee, north of Rensselaer and up to
VPZ. Lighter amounts under 1/10" surround this corridor, with 0
ice accumulation indicated in most of the city of Chicago. The
threat for any wintry precipitation should end during the early to
mid morning on Saturday.



For the 18Z TAFs...

Main near term concern is wind shift from northwest to northeast
at Chicago terminals early this afternoon as lake breeze moves

Weak surface high pressure ridge was over northwest IL at midday,
with temps warming through the mid-40`s away from the Lake
Michigan shore. This was allowing a lake breeze to develop and
push inland, with northeast winds already noted in surface obs
east of I-294. Expect this lake breeze boundary to push inland and
through ORD/MDW by around 19Z/2 pm CST.

Winds then are expected to remain northeast or east-northeast
through Friday, as surface ridge moves east tonight and low
pressure develops to the west across the Plains. Some patchy
2500-3000 ft cu/stratocu over the lake may try to push inland
later tonight, with some indication of a high-MVFR layer for a
time early Friday, though confidence is low on any persistent
ceiling at this point.



215 PM CDT

High pressure over Manitoba and western Ontario will weaken while
drifting southeast across the northern Lakes tonight, and across
Lake Michigan later Friday and Friday night. This will allow north
winds to gradually diminish tonight, becoming somewhat variable
in direction over central Lake Michigan Friday near the ridge
axis. East winds will increase somewhat on southern parts of the
Lake Friday night, as an area of low pressure moves from the
Plains to downstate Illinois by early Saturday, though the low is
expected to fill as it reaches the lower Ohio Valley. Another
weaker low will progress across the northern Lakes Saturday night
into Sunday, with a weak, baggy gradient across much of the Lake
as another area of weak high pressure spreads in from the west. A
cold front will sag across the lake Sunday, with a period of east
to northeast winds lingering early next week.

In the near term, weaker gradient within cold frontal trough
axis/lake breeze circulation has resulted in relatively light
winds (15 kts) along the IL/IN shores this afternoon. As north
to northeast winds 15-20 kts become better established for a
time across southern Lake Michigan this evening, marginal small
craft advisory conditions are possible. Have inherited a
headline into early Friday, and am inclined to hold onto it
for now, as 20-25 kt wind gusts noted along eastern shore.



LM...Small Craft Advisory...IN nearshore waters until 10 AM Friday.

     Small Craft Advisory...IL nearshore waters until 10 AM Friday.




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