Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wichita, KS

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FXUS63 KICT 212347
AFDICT

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Wichita KS
647 PM CDT Sun Apr 21 2019

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Wednesday night)
Issued at 338 PM CDT Sun Apr 21 2019

It has been a warm and windy Easter Sunday across central, south
central, and southeast Kansas. At the surface, an area of low
pressure is centered over northwest Kansas ahead of a cold front
extending across the Northern Plains from the Great Lakes region
westward to the Rockies. A distinct dryline extends southward from
the surface low through western/central Kansas and into the
Oklahoma and Texas panhandles. Ahead of the dryline and front
across the CWA, good mixing and a tightened pressure gradient have
allowed for gusty south winds that have flirted with advisory
criteria this afternoon, particularly in southeast Kansas.
Combined with plenty of sunshine, the southerly flow has warmed
temperatures into the low 80s areawide this afternoon.

Heading into the evening and overnight period is when things
begin to get more interesting as the dryline and front slowly
progress east/southeast into central Kansas. Convergence along and
ahead of these boundaries in concert with an uptick in available
low-level moisture could produce some isolated thunderstorms this
evening- overnight in central Kansas as the cap in this area
erodes. Still think elsewhere in south central Kansas will remain
under a strong cap throughout the evening preventing convective
initiation. With 1500-2000J/kg of 0-1km MLCAPE and fairly steep
700mb-500mb lapse rates, cannot rule out a strong to marginally
severe storm capable of wind gusts up to around 60mph or so. Shear
looks marginal at best in the area of weakest convective
inhibition, so thinking wind will be the primary threat though
some hail up to around 1 inch cannot be completely ruled out.
There is still some question regarding precip coverage during the
day on Monday. Most models keep south central and southeast Kansas
capped during the day on Monday, but the NAM, NAMNEST, and HIRES
guidance are much more liberal with chances for isolated to
scattered showers along and ahead of the frontal boundary during
the day. Even if that turns out the be the case, only marginal
instability would prevent widespread thunder in favor of just a
few rain showers during the day. Given the uncertainty, felt it
was worth including a slight chance mention in the forecast.

Monday night through Tuesday, another shortwave will bring better
chances for rain showers and thunderstorms to southern Kansas. The
threat for severe storms looks low throughout this period,
however. Temperatures will be much cooler on Tuesday with highs
expected to range in the low to mid 60s area-wide as a result of
much lower thickness values, sky cover, and boundary layer cold
air advection over the area for much of the day.

.LONG TERM...(Wednesday through Sunday)
Issued at 338 PM CDT Sun Apr 21 2019

The forecast becomes much more quiet in the long term once precip
ends for most of the area on Tuesday night. Models have been
fairly consistent depicting a mid/upper low that will move across
the Southern Plains Wednesday-Thursday. Guidance keeps this system
and most, if not all, of its associated precip south of the
Kansas/Oklahoma border leaving central, south central, and
southeast Kansas dry. A warming trend in temperatures will
commence beginning on Wednesday, with highs gradually increasing
each day from the low 70s on Wednesday to the low 80s next
weekend. Behind the Southern Plains mid/upper low during the
middle of the week, a ridging pattern will take over continuing
the dry tend until the weekend. Early indications are that a
couple of shortwaves could bring chances for showers/thunderstorms overnight
Friday night and again Saturday night, but confidence is rather
low at this time.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Monday evening)
Issued at 647 PM CDT Sun Apr 21 2019

VFR conditions are expected for most locations over the next 24
hours.  A cold front and dryline will gradually push into central KS
this evening, with convection over the high plains slowly
propagating east into areas along and north of Interstate 70 later
this evening.  So will include a VCTS for the KRSL/KGBD and KSLN taf
sites.  Will also go with a tempo group for the KRSL taf, as once
TSRA moves into the area, it may produce some gusty winds and reduce
vsbys to MVFR for some short periods.

Cold front will make slow progress to the S-SE late tonight into
early on Mon, with a wind shift expected to the NW.  there is some
hints at some MVFR or possibly some IFR cigs over SE KS just ahead
of the front, so will mention some scattered lower clouds for now.

Ketcham

&&

.FIRE WEATHER...
Issued at 338 PM CDT Sun Apr 21 2019

Fire weather concerns will remain low over the next week with
beneficial rainfall expected across the area from multiple
chances of showers and thunderstorms.

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Wichita-KICT    59  76  50  63 /  10  10  40  40
Hutchinson      56  73  47  63 /  30  10  30  30
Newton          57  73  47  62 /  20  10  40  30
ElDorado        60  76  49  62 /  20  20  40  50
Winfield-KWLD   61  77  51  63 /  10  20  60  60
Russell         53  67  43  65 /  30  10  10  10
Great Bend      53  69  44  64 /  30  10  10  20
Salina          56  72  47  65 /  50  10  10  20
McPherson       55  72  47  63 /  40  10  30  20
Coffeyville     62  77  54  63 /  10  20  60  70
Chanute         61  76  52  62 /  20  20  40  60
Iola            61  76  51  61 /  20  20  40  60
Parsons-KPPF    62  76  54  62 /  10  20  50  70

&&

.ICT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
None.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...TAV
LONG TERM...TAV
AVIATION...Ketcham
FIRE WEATHER...TAV


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