Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wichita, KS

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000
FXUS63 KICT 080826 AAA
AFDICT

Area Forecast Discussion...Amended Wording
National Weather Service Wichita KS
325 AM CDT Sat May 8 2021

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Tonight)
Issued at 325 AM CDT Sat May 8 2021

Forecast highlights:

* Severe thunderstorm chances this evening-overnight.

* Below normal temperatures Sunday-Wednesday.

* Off-and-on rain chances late Sunday night through Wednesday.

* Return to near to above normal temperatures Thursday through next
  weekend.

Scattered to numerous thunderstorms are impacting portions of
eastern/northeast Kansas early this morning, within a zone of
strong/deep warm advection. Thinking the brunt of this activity will
remain just east/northeast of the forecast area. Combination of
effective deep layer shear and elevated instability could favor dime
size hail with the strongest cores.

Attention then turns to severe thunderstorm chances late today
through tonight, as a sharpening dryline approaches from the west,
and a strong cold front approaches from the north, ahead of
shortwave energy currently across the Great Basin. A stout elevated
mixed layer should effectively cap the warm sector to thunderstorm
development most of the day. However, by late afternoon and
especially this evening, scattered to numerous storms should develop
across portions of central and north-central KS, where convergence
will be maximized in vicinity of the dryline/cold front intersection.

Strong heating, dewpoints in the 50s-low 60s, and steep lapse rates
in concert with seasonable flow aloft will create a combination of
instability and deep layer shear supportive of severe thunderstorms.
Thinking the primary hazards will be large hail and damaging winds.
The threat for large hail (possibly up to around 2 inches in
diameter) will be highest earlier in the evening, when storms will
have the greatest potential to be discrete. As the evening
progresses, strong frontal forcing and storm mergers should support
upscale growth into one or more thunderstorm complexes across
central and eastern KS, reducing the overall large hail threat, but
increasing the damaging wind potential. Thinking the overall tornado
threat is fairly low given the strong forcing and marginal LCL
heights. However, don`t want to completely rule it out given
strengthening low-level shear and enlarging hodographs during the
evening, especially for any storm that`s able to remain discrete,
and/or for any strong updraft on the tail end of a squall
line/cluster able to remain rooted in the boundary layer.

Probably the most challenging aspect of this forecast is determining
how far south storms will propagate, given warm mid-level
temperatures with southward extent. At this point, thinking the
highest potential will be generally along/north of the Highway 56
corridor, although wouldn`t be surprised if southeastward oriented
propagation vectors prove true and dribble at least isolated
activity all the way southeast to near the KS/OK border.

.LONG TERM...(Sunday through Friday)
Issued at 325 AM CDT Sat May 8 2021

Forecast highlights:

* Below normal temperatures Sunday-Wednesday.

* Off-and-on rain chances late Sunday night through Wednesday.

* Return to near to above normal temperatures Thursday through next
  weekend.

Deterministic and ensemble consensus between the GFS and ECMWF
supports below normal temperatures and off-and-on wet weather across
the region Sunday through mid next week. The culprit will be a
developing longwave trough across the central/northern CONUS, and
periodic shortwaves ejecting east over Mid-America. The greatest
rain chances will likely be later Sunday night into Monday, and
again Monday night through Tuesday night or Wednesday. Instability
will likely be limited during this time, so severe weather or
widespread heavy rainfall is not expected. There is still quite a
bit of model spread during this period, especially pertaining to
precipitation chances and timing.

Meanwhile, increased clouds in combination with unseasonably strong
Canadian high pressure will support daytime temperatures 10-15
degrees below normal in the 50s and 60s Sunday through Wednesday,
and overnight lows mostly in the 40s. However by Thursday through
next weekend, expect a return to near/above normal temperatures, as
upper ridging approaches from the west, and southerly flow increases.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Saturday night)
Issued at 1149 PM CDT Fri May 7 2021

Period of low level wind shear expected through daybreak at most
sites. Gusty south winds are expected on Saturday. Main concern is
strongly capped atmosphere which makes thunderstorm timing and
location a bit challenging. Anticipate storms will mainly be in
the vicinity of front/dryline intersection, which should be in the
vicinity of KRSL at 0000 UTC. This puts best chances at KRSL/
KSLN/KGBD early in the evening with probability too low to
mention at KHUT/KICT later in the evening. Will likely be very
brief period of MVFR in core of thunderstorms, but given
relatively high bases and limited time of storms at any given
location, this would be too brief to mention. Also some potential
for MVFR ceilings behind the front. Very gusty north winds are
expected during the night in the wake of the front. -Howerton

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Wichita-KICT    86  50  65  45 /   0  30   0  20
Hutchinson      86  48  62  43 /   0  40   0  20
Newton          84  48  61  44 /  10  50   0  10
ElDorado        84  49  63  44 /  10  50   0  10
Winfield-KWLD   85  52  67  45 /  10  20   0  20
Russell         86  46  61  40 /  40  60   0  20
Great Bend      87  46  62  41 /  40  50   0  30
Salina          86  48  60  42 /  10  60   0  10
McPherson       85  47  60  42 /  10  60   0  20
Coffeyville     83  55  66  46 /  10  40  10  10
Chanute         81  52  62  45 /  10  60  10  10
Iola            80  52  61  44 /  10  60  10  10
Parsons-KPPF    82  54  65  46 /  10  50  10  10

&&

.ICT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...None.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...ADK
LONG TERM...ADK
AVIATION...PJH


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