Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Dallas/Fort Worth, TX

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FXUS64 KFWD 161214

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Fort Worth TX
714 AM CDT Sun Jun 16 2019

/12 TAFS/

Showers and thunderstorms continue to move through parts of North
Texas this morning, but most of the activity is now east of the
major airports. Ceilings are quite variable with IFR cigs across
parts of the Metroplex to VFR along the Red River. As
precipitation continues to move east, we should see a gradual
improvement to VFR across the region by mid morning.

The main challenge for the remainder of the forecast will be
timing of additional thunderstorm chances. Latest high resolution
guidance suggests additional thunderstorms developing around
midday to the north and west of the Metroplex, but this may be a
bit aggressive.  Morning activity has eroded much of the surface
based instability generally north of I-20 and this will take some
time to recover. Winds will recover to a south-southeast direction
through the morning allowing better moisture to stream back
northward into the afternoon. With an upstream shortwave trough
in a favorable position to provide some forcing through the
afternoon and temperatures warming into the upper 80s and lower
90s, we should become moderately unstable by mid/late afternoon.
Scattered thunderstorms will likely develop along the Red River
and spread southward through the evening. We`ll have a VCTS in for
the Metroplex sites by 22Z with a TEMPO for TSRA from 23-02Z. At
Waco, thunderstorms should arrive a little later and we`ll have a
TEMPO for TSRA from 2-5Z tonight. Timing of these individual
clusters of storms is difficult and may need to be adjusted
through the day.



.DISCUSSION... /Issued 428 AM CDT Sun Jun 16 2019/
/Today through Saturday/

A wavy westerly flow regime will persist across the Southern
Plains through most of the upcoming week, bringing continued
unsettled weather to North and Central Texas. Pinpointing the
initiation zone and timing of individual convective rounds
remains challenging, and confidence in each specific forecast
period is not great. Having said that, it`s clear that most of our
region will receive a generous round of additional rainfall
through Wednesday. Given the amount of instability present, we
continue to be concerned with the possibility of strong/damaging
wind gusts with some of these convective clusters. However, with
copious precipitable water values persisting over our region,
isolated heavy rainfall/flash flooding is also becoming a concern
for the next 24-36 hours.


The latest in a series of mid-level shortwaves is currently
located in western KS and the TX Panhandle. The convective cluster
moving across North Texas early this morning (induced by this
shortwave) will continue to decay through daybreak, leaving
lingering activity in our eastern/southeast zones prior to noon. A
thermal boundary associated with this complex will probably set
up across our east central through south central counties,
potentially setting the stage for renewed development here this
afternoon. Have thus kept higher PoPs in these areas.

Was originally pretty confident that much of our western/northern
counties would be generally rain-free through the day, albeit
mostly cloudy, warm and muggy. However, I`m a little concerned by
the HRRR, which continues to initiate new convection over SW
OK/NW TX and push it into the Metroplex before 00z. Believe this
faster solution is overdone, but not completely out of the
question given expected destabilization in these areas and the
continued upstream location of the shortwave. Am thus holding onto
chance PoPs in our west central through north central zones for
later this afternoon, and wouldn`t be completely shocked if we do
get our next round into our northwest counties before evening.

If we don`t see our next round of organized convection prior to
sunset, we`ll very likely see it materialize this evening and
overnight. The GFS, Euro and NAM all exhibit a decent
precipitation signal across our northern counties in the 03-12z
window, triggered once again by the slow-moving shortwave that
will be moving across OK and north TX.

Not overly confident about a damaging wind threat with this next
round tonight, but it certainly can`t be ruled out, given the
continued steep mid-level lapse rates and the overall plentiful
supply of instability. Of comparable concern will be the potential
for locally heavy rainfall and isolated flooding. This morning`s
convective round will leave some pockets of 1"+ rain totals, with
much of the area`s soils re-moistened. This may facilitate better
runoff tonight, particularly if any of the storms slow up and/or train
repeatedly over certain areas. Not confident enough about a Flash
Flood Watch, but the key takeaway here is that we need to stay
alert for this possibility through at least tonight.

Monday through Wednesday...

Made very few changes to the previous forecast for this timeframe.
The aforementioned pesky shortwave should move into
Arkansas/northern Louisana by Monday afternoon, leaving much of
our area (temporarily) in a slightly suppressed northwesterly
flow regime. The convection expected to affect us early Monday
morning should slide eastward into our far eastern zones after
daybreak, and have kept the higher PoPs in these areas. Maintained
chance PoPs elsewhere, but would not be surprised if most of the
region is rain free for much of Monday. The subtle ridging pattern
will persist into Tuesday, though with our very moist, unstable
airmass going absolutely nowhere, guidance is hinting at scattered
shower/thunderstorm activity redeveloping in our northernmost
counties Tuesday afternoon. Beyond this point, the GFS and Euro
diverge a bit in the arrival of the next shortwave, but it`s a
safe bet that it`ll slide across our area sometime between Tuesday
night and Wednesday. This feature should induce additional
scattered convection across the northern half of our area
Wednesday, but it`s doubtful the coverage/intensity of the
rainfall pattern will be a significant compared with the Sunday-
Monday activity. Wednesday will probably also be the first day
that our afternoon temps start to climb decently above seasonal

Thursday through Saturday...

Compared with the weekend and early portion of the week, this
latter half of the week will be significantly more rain-free and
hotter. While enough low-level moisture/instability will be
available for scattered diurnal convection, synoptic-scale ridging
will assert itself over the region, and this will induce a
healthy rise in afternoon temperatures. We should see mid to upper
90s across much of the forecast area from Thursday through
Saturday. With dewpoints remaining in the 70s, heat index values
will be pushing the century mark in many areas.



Dallas-Ft. Worth    87  70  89  72  91 /  60  70  50  30  30
Waco                89  72  91  73  94 /  40  70  40  20  20
Paris               82  67  83  69  86 /  70  70  70  40  40
Denton              86  69  88  71  90 /  60  60  50  30  30
McKinney            86  69  86  72  90 /  70  70  60  40  30
Dallas              87  72  89  73  91 /  70  70  60  30  30
Terrell             87  70  89  72  91 /  80  60  60  30  30
Corsicana           86  71  86  72  90 /  70  70  60  30  20
Temple              89  72  91  74  94 /  40  50  40  20  20
Mineral Wells       87  69  89  70  92 /  30  60  30  30  20




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