Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Salt Lake City, UT

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FXUS65 KSLC 031025

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Salt Lake City UT
425 AM MDT Sat Jun 3 2023

.SYNOPSIS...Unsettled weather will remain in place this weekend,
but with a slight drying trend. More significant drying is expected
across southwest Utah by midweek while moisture lingers over
northern Utah.


.SHORT TERM (THROUGH 12Z MONDAY)...An upper low is situated over far
northeast Nevada this morning. This low will slowly drift into
northern Utah later today into tomorrow morning. A few showers
remain ongoing across western Utah early this morning, strongest
across the GSL Desert aided by large-scale lift associated with the
low. The airmass has trended a bit drier owing to westerly flow
along the southern periphery of the low, with PWATs analyzed between
0.5-0.6 inches across the forecast area.

Despite the slight drying trend, expect scattered convection to
develop once again today. Coverage may be a bit less across southern
Utah today, but across the north, the influence of the low combined
with less morning cloud cover could lead to greater convective
coverage compared to yesterday. Expect storms to produce a mix of
locally moderate rain and gusty winds. The upper low will lift north
tomorrow. Between that and the drier airmass, less coverage of
convection and drier storms can be expected. In addition, the
airmass will start to trend warmer as southerly flow becomes more re-
established over the area.

.LONG TERM (After 12Z/6AM Monday)...By the start of the work week,
ensemble guidance remains in solid agreement of a cutoff low system
strengthening over the southern California region which will
eventually setup a flow pattern over the region that will introduce
a drier atmosphere for a portion of the forecast area. Until this
low introduces a deeper and drier southerly flow, anomalous moisture
will remain in place across the eastern Great Basin region and bring
continued diurnally driven shower and thunderstorm activity during
the heating hours on Monday. Consensus amongst model guidance
supports the intrusion of a sliver of drier air, primarily in the
lower levels, by Tuesday evening. This little sliver of drier air
will bring PWAT to 80-100% of normal across roughly the southern
third of the forecast area while the northern two-thirds maintain
100-150% of normal PWAT values Tuesday evening through Thursday
morning. The biggest influence this will have on the forecast is an
overall decrease in coverage of showers and thunderstorms over the
southern half of Utah, as well as a stout decrease in afternoon
relative humidity values (approaching single digit min RH mid-week).
As for the northern half of Utah and southwest Wyoming, little
change will be seen from this dry intrusion, allowing diurnally
driven showers and thunderstorms to continue.

A progression of the aforementioned low into the Southwest/ a
phasing with the northern stream is anticipated mid-week forward and
will bring a relative cooling of temperatures. The magnitude of
cooling from the phasing of this feature is more uncertain across
the northern half of the area, with the NBM showing ~7 degrees of
spread between the 25-75th percentile values. For the southern half
of Utah, this spread is only around 3 degrees. But bottom line,
temperatures should dip to just below normal in southern Utah while
remaining right around, or slightly above, normal in northern Utah
and southwest Wyoming through the latter half of the week.


.AVIATION...KSLC...VFR conditions will be maintained over the
KSLC terminal through the TAF period, with increasing coverage of
showers and thunderstorms from 18Z to around 02Z. Gusty and erratic
outflow winds will be possible with passing showers. There is a 30%
chance that a shower or thunderstorm directly impacts the terminal.
Otherwise, light southerly drainage flow will remain in place over
the KSLC terminal through the late morning, switching to a northerly
flow around 17Z.

Rest of Utah and Southwest Wyoming...VFR conditions are expected
areawide through the valid TAF period with scattered showers and
thunderstorms expected 18Z thru 03Z. Showers and thunderstorms are
most likely to form over the higher terrain and drift into adjacent
valley areas. Gusty and erratic outflow winds in excess of 35 mph
are possible with passing showers. Outside of outflow dominated wind
patterns near showers in the afternoon, diurnally driven terrain
flows will prevail across most terminals through the day.


.FIRE WEATHER...A low pressure system over northern Utah today will
continue to bring scattered thunderstorms to the area today.
Although some storms will be capable of producing wetting rain, the
airmass will overall trend slightly drier today. The drying trend
will continue into tomorrow resulting in decreased coverage of
showers and thunderstorms. Moisture is expected to increase briefly
on Monday, then drier air will spread into southwest Utah by
midweek. This will limit showers and thunderstorms primarily to
northern Utah mid through late week.





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