Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Louisville, KY

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FXUS63 KLMK 161939
AFDLMK

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Louisville KY
339 PM EDT Tue Apr 16 2024

.KEY MESSAGES...

*   Showers and thunderstorms are likely tonight through early
    Wednesday morning. The severe threat tonight into Wednesday
    morning looks low, with the greater threat being locally gusty
    winds, small hail, and heavy rain.

*   Confidence continues to decrease in the potential for severe
    storms tomorrow due to dry air sweeping into the region and the
    best upper air energy remaining to our north. Any thunderstorm
    development tomorrow should be isolated, though if any storms do
    develop they would have the potential to become severe.

*   Isolated strong to severe storms possible Thursday evening and
    overnight.

*   Much cooler weather this weekend.

&&

.SHORT TERM /THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
Issued at 339 PM EDT Tue Apr 16 2024

Strong low pressure crossing the upper Midwest tonight will have a
cold front dropping south into the mid-Mississippi Valley by
morning. Showers and thunderstorms that are developing this
afternoon across Missouri and Arkansas will head east into the lower
Ohio Valley this evening and cross southern Indiana and central
Kentucky tonight, with the most widespread coverage occurring
between midnight and dawn. The storms to our west will remain robust
as they move into an axis of moisture and instability along the
Mississippi River in southeast Missouri, southern Illinois, and
western Kentucky. However as these storms move east overnight they
will outrun the instability and become slightly elevated as they
move into southern Indiana and central Kentucky, which has been a
consistent signal in the models recently. A few stronger storms will
be possible, with some gusty winds, small hail, and locally heavy
downpours. Unlike last night`s convection over Oldham County,
tonight`s storms will be more progressive with forward speeds of 30
to 40 mph, mitigating the flood threat. Any flooding problems should
be restricted to spots that collect water easily and are hit by
multiple heavy downpours.

Yet another unseasonably warm night tonight with lows generally in
the mid 60s. SDF has been at or above 60 degrees since 4:15am on the
14th (Sunday).

Wednesday the upper Midwest low will be occluding and weakening as
it travels well to our north from Wisconsin to the UP. The left exit
region of a straight upper jet streak will advance from Indiana to
Pennsylvania while a weakening 500mb speed max moves from Illinois
to Ohio. The pool of best precipitable waters will be found from
Michigan to Pennsylvania. Farther south in the Ohio Valley a dry
slot will sweep in, significantly limiting moisture supply. As a
result, model PoPs are consistently very low and NBM is printing out
PoPs in the single digits for much of the region. Looking upstream,
the dry slot today from eastern Kansas into western Iowa is free of
deep convection. As a result, the best chances for severe storms
tomorrow appear to be to our northeast, especially over northern and
eastern Ohio. This agrees with the latest SPC convective outlook`s
Slight Risk area to our north/northeast and the HRRR`s Convective
Hazard Forecast placing the best chances for severe weather over
Ohio. In agreement with neighboring offices, will hold on to a small
PoP in case any isolated storms can fire, especially since if any
storms do go up there will be plenty of instability and shear
available.

With dry air coming into the region tomorrow afternoon went on the
low side of guidance for dew points and the high side for afternoon
high temperatures (low-mid 80s). Southwest winds may gust to near
advisory criteria in the 25-35mph range, especially in southern
Indiana and north central Kentucky.

&&

.LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY/...
Issued at 339 PM EDT Tue Apr 16 2024

Dry weather is anticipated to begin the period Wednesday night. Weak
shortwave ridging builds into the region in the wake of the low
pressure system affecting our weather in the short term. This low
pressure system will continue to weaken as it lifts northeast across
the Great Lakes. Meanwhile, an upper level trough is forecast to dig
southeast over southern Canada and the northern Plains. This wave is
forecast to move eastward over portions of the Upper Midwest and
Great Lakes through Thursday night.

At the surface, low pressure organizes over the southern Plains
Wednesday night and is forecast to lift ENE across the Lower Ohio
Valley Thursday night. However, the low will only gradually weaken
with time due to its less than favorable position relative to the
stronger upper level dynamics to the north.

Wednesday night is shaping up to be dry and mild with lows ranging
from the mid 50s to lower 60s in most places. Thursday will
certainly start off dry and will likely remain dry until the evening
hours when low pressure approaches from the WSW. Expect partly to
mostly sunny skies and a south wind increasing to 10 mph by the
afternoon. Temperatures will likely peak in the low to mid 80s Thu
afternoon.

Shower and thunderstorm chances increase west of I-65 Thursday
evening and then across all of central KY and southern IN overnight.
Convection associated with the sfc low and associated cold front may
organize into a linear MCS, which the latest data suggest could
arrive in our western/northwestern CWA by 21-00Z Thu evening. These
storms could pose a risk for isolated damaging winds, depending on
sfc-based instability. The degree of destabilization is uncertain
and is a mesoscale detail that will need more time to become clear.
Deep-layer shear is adequate at around 35 kts, but will be limited
by only moderate W/SW flow aloft. As previously alluded to, the
stronger winds aloft will remain displaced to our northwest.

The best chance for strong to severe storms is from 21Z Thu through
06Z Fri, a time window that will likely be refined over the next day
or so. Waning instability overnight will allow convection to weaken
as it crosses KY. Low temperatures will range through the 50s (near
60 F at Lake Cumberland) Friday morning.

Showers may linger into Friday morning along and just behind the
cold front, especially east of I-65. However, expect a drying trend
from west to east on Friday. Low-level NW flow advects cooler air
into our region Friday through the weekend as strong sfc high
pressure noses southeast across the Plains and Midwest. Temperatures
should rebound into the mid 60s to near 70 F Friday afternoon, but
Saturday will be cooler with highs in the upper 50s to mid 60s.
Mornings will be chilly, especially Sunday and Monday, with lows in
the 30s to low 40s. At this point in time, the Saturday evening
forecast is looking somewhat cool (low to mid 50s) and dry.

&&

.AVIATION /18Z TAFS THROUGH 00Z THURSDAY/...
Issued at 148 PM EDT Tue Apr 16 2024

Southern Indiana and central Kentucky are now well within the warm
sector of a large spring storm system over the Plains. Showers and
storms ahead of the system`s cold front will move in from the west
late this evening into the overnight hours. All TAF sites will see
rain, with some heavier thunderstorms possible, especially at SDF
and HNB. Winds will kick up out of the south, with gusts of 20-25kt
outside of thunderstorms.

Tomorrow the cold front will push through the region. The main
aviation concern will be south winds gusting 25-30kt. Can`t rule out
isolated thunderstorms ahead of the boundary tomorrow afternoon, but
chances will be better to the north and will keep SDF TAF dry for
now.

&&

.LMK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
KY...None.
IN...None.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...13
LONG TERM...EBW
AVIATION...13


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