Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Dallas/Fort Worth, TX

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FXUS64 KFWD 290010 AAA

Area Forecast Discussion...UPDATED
National Weather Service Fort Worth TX
710 PM CDT Fri Apr 28 2017

VFR conditions are expected through the evening hours at the area
TAF sites. MVFR ceilings will spread north tonight on a 50-knot
low level jet. Ceilings around 1500 feet should move into Waco
around 05-06z and into the Metroplex around 06-07z. Surface winds
of 15 to 20 knots will prevail. There is a low chance of showers
and thunderstorms before 12z, but the chances are not high enough
to mention at this time.

MVFR ceilings should prevail through 18z with some scattered
showers and maybe isolated thunderstorms. For now, have just
placed VCSH starting at 16z. Although the cap should remain in
place, we will have steep lapse rates, so if we get some elevated
thunderstorms, large hail will be a possibility. Southerly winds
of 15 to 25 knots will prevail.

Thunderstorm chances will increase during the afternoon as a cold
front and upper level disturbance approach. Have placed a TEMPO
TSRA for the 18 to 22z period in the Metroplex TAFs. Some of the
storms may be severe with large hail and strong gusty winds
possible. The front is expected to move through the Metroplex by
22z with rain likely and thunderstorm chances continuing behind
the front. Winds behind the front will be northwest at 15 to 20



.PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 409 PM CDT Fri Apr 28 2017/

Water vapor imagery shows a large upper trough over the western
U.S. this afternoon. This system is expected to move east through
tomorrow night bringing increasing chances for showers and
thunderstorms to North Texas along with an increased threat for
severe weather.

At the surface this afternoon, an area of low pressure is located
near Big Spring with a dryline extending southward from there. A
warm front is located just north of the Red River. South of the
warm front, the atmosphere has become quite unstable with surface
dewpoints now in the upper 60s and lower 70s across North Texas.
In the presence of very steep lapse rates associated with a deep
elevated mixed layer, this high near-surface moisture results in
instability values between 2500-3500 J/kg. While this is an
impressive amount of instability, it remains mostly capped, as
indicated by unimpressive visible satellite data and visual
observations of the cumulus field. This strong inhibition should
remain in place through early evening resulting in little or no
chances for thunderstorms across North Texas.

By later this evening as stronger forcing for ascent spreads into
the Southern Plains from the approaching upper trough, low level
southerly flow will strengthen. A 50 kt low level jet will develop
and be centered right over North Texas with low level warm
advection maximized right near the Red River. The combination of
increasing ascent and the presence of the surface frontal boundary
should be sufficient to weaken the strong capping and allow deep
convection to develop. Most of this activity should be north of
the Red River across much of Oklahoma, however there will be low
chances for our Red River counties through late tonight. The
timing of this development would likely be 8-10 pm or so. Given
the amount of instability available, there would be a threat for
severe weather including very large hail and damaging winds. Low
level shear will also be sufficient to support a tornado threat,
although the better environment will be north of the Red River
closer to the actual frontal boundary.

A large area of thunderstorms are expected to be ongoing during
the overnight hours across Oklahoma and northwest Texas. These
storms will approach North Texas from the northwest in the form of
a weakening squall line as the stronger low level jet shifts to
the northeast. This ongoing convection is likely to move through
our western counties during the morning hours and may pose a
severe hail threat, so will have some higher PoPs through midday
across the western counties.

The evolution of the afternoon severe threat across North Texas on
Saturday will be somewhat dependent upon where any outflow
boundaries set up and the position of the synoptic cold front.
With the strong upper trough still to the west, it does appear
that much of North Texas will have time to destabilize by midday
with low level wind fields recovering behind any morning activity.
The main question for tomorrow is where exactly the new vigorous
convection develops along the cold front. Right now, it appears
that this will occur very near the I-35 corridor in the 1-3 pm
timeframe. Wind fields will be unidirectional by this time which
should help limit the tornado potential, but ample instability
will support a very large hail threat. The highest PoPs and best
severe weather threat will generally be along and east of I-35
through the evening hours with our eastern counties having the
most time to fully destabilize. The severe thunderstorms will move
east with the cold front and should clear our CWA during the late
evening hours.

The upper trough will actually not move through North Texas until
Saturday night and there will be sufficient moisture for continued
elevated convection across much of the region. In fact, PoPs may
actually be higher across the region Saturday night as the trough
moves through than with the deep convection along the front. There
will be a continued hail threat with this overnight activity.

Conditions improve across the region on Sunday with northwest
winds and clearing skies. Additional rain/storm chances arrive mid
week with another upper trough moving through the Plains.



Dallas-Ft. Worth    74  82  54  67  49 /  20  70  60  10   0
Waco                75  84  55  70  47 /  10  50  60  10   0
Paris               72  81  56  63  46 /  30  80 100  20   0
Denton              72  79  51  65  45 /  20  70  50  10   0
McKinney            73  82  53  65  46 /  20  80  70  10   0
Dallas              75  83  54  67  50 /  20  70  60  10   0
Terrell             74  83  54  67  47 /  20  80  90  10   0
Corsicana           75  84  55  69  49 /  10  70  80  10   0
Temple              74  85  56  71  48 /  10  40  60  10   0
Mineral Wells       70  78  47  67  44 /  20  40  50   5   0




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