Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS San Angelo, TX

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FXUS64 KSJT 041136
AFDSJT

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SAN ANGELO TX
536 AM CST Wed Mar 4 2015

.AVIATION...
/12Z TAFS/

Conditions are generally VFR as of 1130z across West Central TX.
We`ve had low clouds most of the night at the southern terminals
and IFR to low end MVFR ceilings are certainly possible again this
morning. The leading edge of an arctic cold front is approaching
KABI and should bring north winds and IFR ceilings after 13z. This
front will continue south during the day with low ceilings
developing areawide in the wake of the front. Light rain showers
are expected this morning, becoming more numerous in the post-
frontal airmass. Freezing rain and/or sleet will be possible at
KABI after 19z, then at KSJT and KBBD as we approach 00z. A
changeover to snow is expected at KSJT/KABI late tonight with
freezing rain and/or sleet at the other sites. Gusty north winds
will develop behind the front, gusting over 30 kts through
tonight.

Johnson

&&

.PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 412 AM CST Wed Mar 4 2015/

SHORT TERM...
(Today and tonight)

The arctic cold front continues to barrel south through the Plains
this morning. The leading edge has moved into western north TX
from Wichita Falls, to Jayton, to near Muleshoe. As this front
moves south through the morning hours, we`ll see winds shift to
the NNE and increase to around 20 mph, gusting over 30 mph at
times. Temperatures will take a nosedive in the wake of this
front, dropping into the 30s as it passes. That means max
temperatures today will be during the A.M. hours for most of West
Central TX, excluding the I-10 corridor where the cold front will
not arrive until early/mid afternoon. Temperatures overnight will
continue to drop, eventually settling in the low/mid 20s by
Thursday morning. There is significant bust potential in high
temperatures today depending on exactly when the cold front
arrives, but its safe to say that the day will start out much
nicer than it will end.

Forecasting precipitation type/amounts will certainly add a few
gray hairs, as is usually the case with Texas winter weather.
Currently, a band of rain showers is moving NNE across the CWA and
will be undercut by the cold front this morning. With the surface
freezing line dropping south into the Big Country, we expect a
changeover to freezing rain/drizzle by midday. This will likely
create travel problems during the afternoon along/north of I-20,
especially on bridges and overpasses. Thus, the Winter Weather
Advisory has been moved up to start at noon. Farther south,
general rain showers, and even a few thunderstorms, will be
possible. As the cold air deepens in the afternoon, sleet is
expect to develop. Most of the Concho Valley, Heartland, and I-10
counties are expected to remain at or above freezing through this
afternoon. While we could see a few sleet showers, we anticipate
primarily rain through 4 PM.

Subfreezing temperatures are anticipated areawide by early/mid
evening. Snow, possibly mixed with sleet, will be possible in the
Big Country as the saturated column cools sufficiently. However,
the cold air will likely not be deep enough to support more than a
freezing rain/sleet mix south of an Ozona to Brady line. The
duration of the precipitation is not expected to be all that long,
but the models are cueing in on some convective signatures,
especially in the hi-res windows. This could result in localized
sleet accumulations across the southern half of the CWA. The
Concho Valley and Heartland counties north of a Mertzon to San
Saba line were added to the Winter Weather Advisory beginning at 4
PM. Confidence in winter weather impacts remains lowest across the
I-10 corridor. A summary of winter weather accumulations for the
next 24 hours follows.

Ice: Expect ice accumulations up to 1/10" across the Big Country
and northern portions of the Concho Valley and Heartland. Lighter
amounts expected farther south.

Sleet: General sleet accumulations around 1/4" or less. Localized
higher amounts are possible in areas of stronger convection.

Snow: Snow amounts of 1" are possible in the Big Country, with
only a dusting expected across the Concho Valley and Heartland.

Johnson

LONG TERM...
(Thursday through next Tuesday)

Models have been consistent with moving most of the precipitation
out of the area by early Thursday morning, so have only kept a
small area of sleet/snow mix in our extreme southeastern counties
for Thursday morning between 12Z and 18Z. We are still looking at
cold temperatures Thursday as the surface high and cold air mass
will remain in place over the area. We should start to see some
sunshine by Thursday, but with the cold dome in place, it will be
hard to get strong enough mixing to the warmer air aloft, keeping
temperatures mainly in the 30s. As skies clear, and winds remain
light Thursday night, very efficient radiational cooling will
occur. We have dropped lows to near 20 degrees for most areas.
Minimum temperatures in the teens are not out of the question for
some of our low lying areas and valleys.

Friday, we will see a return to southerly flow through the lower
levels, helping to warm temperatures into the upper 40s to near 50
degrees. Some locations could warm into the 50s. Southerly flow
will continue into the weekend, resulting in increasing moisture
as well, bringing clouds into the area Saturday, which may slow
the warming trend some.

Later this week, what starts out as a weak vorticity maximum off
the southern coast of California strengthens into another closed
low over the northern Gulf of California. This low will eventually
get ejected to the east over Texas over the weekend as an open
wave. The GFS moves this trough faster to the east, and keeps
precip south and east of our forecast area whereas the slower EC
actually produces some precipitation in our southern counties
Saturday night into Sunday. Given that EC and GFS both show some
sort of trough moving across the area, will show low end slight
chance for PoPs along our southern tier of counties Saturday night
into Sunday.

Early next week, models diverge in their solutions, but the general
consensus is to keep most of the area dry through Tuesday. Tuesday
and Tuesday night, the GFS brings an upper level trough through that
could result in some showers for our southeastern counties.
Temperatures should warm into the 60s to around 70 degrees for highs
by the start of the work week.

20

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Abilene  48  22  35  20  45 /  80  80   5   5   5
San Angelo  51  25  38  20  48 /  60  80   5   5   5
Junction  60  27  37  20  48 /  60  90  10   5   5

&&

.SJT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY from Noon today to 6 AM CST Thursday FOR
THE FOLLOWING ZONES: Callahan...Fisher...Haskell...Jones...
Nolan...Shackelford...Taylor...Throckmorton.

WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY from 4 PM this afternoon to 6 AM CST
Thursday FOR THE FOLLOWING ZONES: Brown...Coke...Coleman...
Concho...Irion...McCulloch...Runnels...San Saba...Sterling...Tom
Green.

&&

$$

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